Home-based Rehabilitation Following a Total Hip Replacement (PHETHAS-1)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03109821|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2018
In this study we will investigate the relation between performed exercise dose and recovery after total hip replacement (THA). A dose-response relationship is hypothesized.
It is the primary objective to indicate the preliminary efficacy of home-based rehabilitation using elastic band exercise on performance-based function after THA, based on the relationship between the performed exercise dose (objectively quantified time under tension summary dose) and the change in 40 meter maximal gait speed (performance-based function) from 3 (start of intervention) to 10 weeks (end of intervention) after surgery.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip||Other: Home-based exercise|
The study is a pragmatic, single center, prospective cohort study (single cohort) to be conducted in Silkeborg, Denmark. The outcomes will be collected in the period from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery by an assessor blinded to exercise compliance. The study will adhere methodologically to the STROBE guidelines and checklist for prospective cohort studies (www.strobe-statement.org).
The study design and completion is conducted in a research collaboration between the Interdisciplinary Research Unit at Elective Surgery Centre based at Silkeborg Regional Hospital and Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Research - Copenhagen (PMR-C) based at Hvidovre Hospital.
Primary objective, eligibility criteria, exposure/intervention and outcome measures are entered elsewhere. At June 28, 2017, two outcome measures were added to the study. At 10 weeks after surgery, patients will be asked both to describe change in hip problems (from preoperatively to 10 weeks after surgery) and to describe their perception of outcome after surgery. The outcome measures will be used for exploratory analysis of patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) and minimal clinically important improvement (MCII)
A simple linear regression analysis will be performed to evaluate the association between performed exercise dose and change in score on gait speed. Furthermore descriptive statistics will be used to quantify exercise compliance and to indicate the exercise dosage with the greatest response. Patients will be divided into four compliance-quartiles and summary statistics of the primary outcome (change in gait speed) will be presented graphically to illustrate possible dose-response relationship.
For change in patient-reported function the analysis will be similar to the analysis for change in gait speed. Summary statistics on the rest of the secondary outcomes will be presented for the compliance-quartiles.
In a multiple regression analysis the association between gait speed (at 10 weeks follow up) and self-efficacy, 24-hour physical activity, performed exercise dose and gait speed (at baseline) will be analyzed.
Furthermore summary statistics will be presented for demographic data and other pre-specified outcomes.
Additionally, an embedded qualitative study will be performed to explore motivation and barriers related to exercise compliance. This study will be reported in a secondary paper with a clear reference to the primary trial and trial registration.
Regional Hospital Central Jutland and The Danish Rheumatism Association is partly funding the salary for physiotherapists involved in the study. Further external funding will be applied for.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||88 participants|
|Official Title:||Home-based Rehabilitation Following a Total Hip Replacement - do Patients Follow the Exercise Prescription and How Does it Relate to Postoperative Recovery? The Pragmatic Home-Based Exercise After Total Hip Arthroplasty Silkeborg 1 (PHETHAS-1) Trial|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 21, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2018|
Other: Home-based exercise
The intervention reflects the standard rehabilitation practice at Elective Surgery Centre. 3 weeks after surgery the patients will receive a thorough instruction and supervision in the strength training exercises that they are to perform without supervision at their own homes the following 7 weeks. The instruction is conducted one-to-one by physiotherapists and supported by an instruction booklet with written and illustrated exercise descriptions. The exercises included are: hip abduction, flexion and extension with elastic band resistance and sit-to-stand and one-legged stance. The prescribed training load will be two sets with repetitions to failure and a relative load of 10 to 20 RM (Repetition Maximum), performed every second day (3-4 times a week).
Exposure: Performed exercise dose will be quantified as the total physiological exercise stimulus (Time under tension summary dose) recorded by a sensor (BandCizer) attached to the elastic exercise band.
- Change in gait speed [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery. ]Measured by the 40m fast-paced walk test (continous, m/sec)
- Gait speed [ Time Frame: 10 weeks after surgery ]Measured by the 40m fast-paced walk test (continous, m/sec)
- Change in patient-reported function [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery. ]Measured by the ADL (Activities of Daily Living) subscale of Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS). HOOS is a disease-specific patient-reported outcome measure (continous)
- Change in patient-reported symptoms [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery. ]Measured by the symptoms subscale of HOOS (continous)
- Change in patient-reported pain [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery. ]Measured by the pain subscale of HOOS (continous)
- Change in patient-reported hip related quality of life [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery. ]Measured by the quality of life subscale (QoL) of HOOS (continous)
- Change in lower-extremity function [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery ]Measured by the Chair stand test (The maximal number of rises from a chair within 30 seconds) (continous)
- Change in hip abductor muscle strength [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery ]Test of isometric muscle strength in hip abduction in the operated leg. The hand-held dynamometer Power Track II Commander will be used to assess this using standardized test procedures (continous, Nm/kg)
- Change in hip flexor muscle strength [ Time Frame: Change from 3 to 10 weeks after surgery ]Test of isometric muscle strength in hip flexion in the operated leg. The hand-held dynamometer Power Track II Commander will be used to assess this using standardized test procedures (continous, Nm/kg)
- Self-efficacy [ Time Frame: 3 weeks after surgery ]The general self-efficacy scale will be used to measure self-efficacy, defined as an individual's belief in his or her capacity to execute behaviors necessary to produce specific performance attainments (continous)
- 24-hour physical activity (mean upright time). [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after surgery ]An ActivPAL movement-sensor will be used to measure mean time per day in upright position (standing and walking) based on 7 days of data collection. The sensor will be applied 3 weeks after surgery and used the following week (continous, min/day)
- 24-hour physical activity (mean number of steps) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after surgery ]An ActivPAL movement-sensor will be used to measure mean number of steps per day based on 7 days of data collection. The sensor will be applied 3 weeks after surgery and used the following week (continous, min/day)
- Number of participants with adverse events [ Time Frame: 3 weeks after surgery ]Number and type of adverse events will be registered by the physiotherapist (categorical)
- Number of participants with adverse events [ Time Frame: 10 weeks after surgery ]Number and type of adverse events will be registered by the physiotherapist (categorical)
- Mean change in pain after each exercise session [ Time Frame: 10 weeks after surgery. ]The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) will be used to assess pain before and after each exercise session. Data will be summarized as a mean change in pain per exercise session for the entire intervention period (continous)
- Motivation to perform the prescribed exercises [ Time Frame: 3 weeks after surgery ]The participants will be asked about their motivation to perform the prescribed exercises. A short questionnaire developed for this purpose will be used. The possible responses are ordered in 4 levels of motivation on a ordinal scale (categorical)
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03109821
|Contact: Lone R Mikkelsen, PhD||+45 email@example.com|
|Contact: Merete N Madsen, MSc||+45 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Silkeborg Regional Hospital||Recruiting|
|Silkeborg, Denmark, 8600|
|Contact: Lone Ramer Mikkelsen, PhD +45 78417613 email@example.com|
|Contact: Merete N Madsen, MSc +45 78416006 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Lone R Mikkelsen, PhD||Silkeborg Regional Hospital|