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Therapist-Directed VS Online Therapy for Insomnia Co-Occuring With Sleep Apnea

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03109210
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Stanford University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Jewish Health

Brief Summary:
This two-site randomized clinical trial will investigate and compare three treatments for insomnia in patients who have been diagnosed with and treated for sleep apnea: online cognitive behavioral therapy (OCBT), therapist-directed cognitive behavioral therapy (TCBT), and standard clinical care. 384 patients will be recruited and will attend up to 15 visits over 10 months. Visits will include baseline assessment, treatment visits, and post-treatment follow-up visits. Visits will involve completion of questionnaires, meeting with therapists, and a physical exam.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Insomnia, Primary Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Behavioral: Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (OCBT) Behavioral: Therapist-directed Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TCBT) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This dual-site randomized clinical trial will use a "SMART" design to test a stepped care model relative to standard positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy and determine if (1) augmentation of PAP therapy with online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy improves short-term outcomes of comorbid obstructive sleep apnea(OSA)/insomnia; and (2) providing a higher intensity 2nd-stage cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to patients who show sub-optimal short-term outcomes with OCBT+PAP improves short and longer-term outcomes. After completing baseline assessment, the 384 comorbid OSA\insomnia patients enrolled will be randomized to a 1st-stage therapy that includes usual care PAP + OCBT (n=288) or UC (usual care PAP + sleep hygiene education; n=96). Insomnia and OSA will be reassessed after 8 weeks. OCBT recipients who meet "remission" criteria will continue PAP but be offered no additional insomnia intervention and will complete study outcome measures again after an additional 8-weeks and at 3 and 6 month follow-ups. OCBT recipients classified as "unremitted" after 8 weeks of treatment will be re-randomized to a 2nd-stage treatment consisting of continued, expanded engagement in OCBT or a switch to therapist-directed CBT (TCBT). Those receiving the 2nd-stage intervention as well as the UC group will be reassessed after another 8 weeks and at 3- and 6-month follow-up time points.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 384 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Therapist-Directed VS Online Therapy for Insomnia Co-Occuring With Sleep Apnea
Actual Study Start Date : April 15, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 14, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 14, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sleep Apnea

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Standard Care
Participants randomized to standard care will receive normal follow-up care with their health care provider. This will include routine assessment and adjustment of PAP therapy, and instruction in proper sleep hygiene.
Experimental: Intervention
In addition to standard care procedures, participants randomized to the intervention arm will receive up to two sequential treatments. First, participants will receive Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (OCBT). Those who meet criteria for remission after this first treatment will continue through follow-up without further treatment. Those who do not will be randomized again to either extended OCBT, or Therapist-directed Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TCBT).
Behavioral: Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (OCBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy delivered via commercial online software.
Other Name: OCBT

Behavioral: Therapist-directed Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TCBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy delivered via traditional, in-person interaction with a licensed mental health professional.
Other Name: TCBT




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score change [ Time Frame: Symptom remission will be measured at post-treatment visits one and two, approximately 18 and 28 weeks following enrollment. ]
    Change in participants' score on the ISI will be measured over baseline, post-treatment, and follow-up visits.

  2. Quebec Sleep Questionnaire (QSQ) score change [ Time Frame: Participants will be asked to complete the QSQ at baseline, post-treatment, and follow-up visits, at approximately weeks 1, 18, and 28. ]
    Change in participants' score on the QSQ will be measured over baseline, post-treatment, and follow-up visits.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in subjective measurement of total sleep time [ Time Frame: Participants will be asked to complete two weeks of sleep diaries at baseline (week 1), post-treatment (weeks 8 and 18), and follow-up visits (months 9 and 12) to measure change in these assessments over time. ]
    Participants will be asked to fill out a sleep diary throughout the study. Study personnel will use these diaries to calculate subjective assessment of total sleep time.

  2. Change in subjective measurement of sleep efficiency [ Time Frame: Participants will be asked to complete two weeks of sleep diaries at baseline (week 1), post-treatment (weeks 8 and 18), and follow-up visits (months 9 and 12) to measure change in these assessments over time. ]
    Participants will be asked to fill out a sleep diary throughout the study. Study personnel will use these diaries to calculate subjective assessment of sleep efficiency.

  3. Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) Therapy Adherence [ Time Frame: Adherence data will be collected through study completion, an average of one year. ]
    Participants' adherence to PAP therapy will be passively monitored during their participation in the study.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

To be included participants must > 21 years old and:

  1. have a diagnosis of OSA with an AHI > 5 on a diagnostic polysomnogram;
  2. accept PAP as primary/sole OSA therapy, been given a prescription for PAP and filled it within the last 3 months, have had an opportunity to use PAP for at least one month, and show mean use of > 1 hour per night;
  3. have a complaint of persistent (i.e., > 3 months) sleep onset or sleep maintenance difficulties despite having adequate opportunity for sleep and accompanied by significant daytime impairment or distress about poor sleep;
  4. an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score > 10 indicating at least "mild" insomnia; and
  5. a sleep onset latency or wake time after sleep onset > 30 minutes 3 or more nights per week during two weeks of sleep diary monitoring.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. an untreated psychiatric disorder (e.g., major depression) found on structured interviews as these conditions have specific treatments and it would be inappropriate not to offer those treatments;
  2. a lifetime diagnosis of any psychotic or bipolar disorder as sleep restriction for insomnia may precipitate hallucinations and mania;
  3. an imminent risk for suicide;
  4. alcohol or drug abuse within the past year;
  5. terminal illness (e.g., cancer), or neurological degenerative disease (e.g., dementia);
  6. current use of medications known to cause insomnia (e.g., stimulants);
  7. comorbid narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia, restless legs syndrome (score of >11 in the IRLS), periodic limb movement during sleep (known PLMS with arousal > 15 per hour), or a circadian rhythm sleep disorder if habitual bedtimes are later than 3:00 AM or rising times are later than 11:00 AM; or
  8. consuming > 2 alcoholic beverages per day on a regular basis; or
  9. consuming more than 10 caffeinated beverages per day on a regular basis; or
  10. consuming marijuana in any form on a regular basis >1 time per week, or if used after 4:00 p.m; or
  11. change in thyroid medication dosage or received a new prescription for thyroid medication 3 months before the screening visit; or
  12. physician-diagnosed or self-reported seizure disorder.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03109210


Contacts
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Contact: Rachel Johnson, MA 303-398-1058 johnsonr@njhealth.org

Locations
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United States, California
Stanford Univeristy Recruiting
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
Contact: Bella Scott, BA    650-721-1256    bella09@stanford.edu   
United States, Colorado
National Jewish Health Recruiting
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80206
Contact: Bryan Simmons    303-398-1850    simmonsb@njhealth.org   
Principal Investigator: Jack D Edinger, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Jewish Health
Stanford University

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Responsible Party: National Jewish Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03109210     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HS2989
First Posted: April 12, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 14, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Sleep Wake Disorders
Apnea
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Dyssomnias
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders