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Computer-Assisted Brief Intervention (JJMISCOPE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03107117
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anthony Spirito, Brown University

Brief Summary:
Due to the "unmet needs" of substance abuse treatment among court involved but non-incarcerated (CINI) adolescents and their parents, reaching and engaging CINI adolescents in intervention programs addressing marijuana use is important given the significant risk that continued substance use poses for re-arrest and detention. This study will examine the feasibility of implementing one potential model for increasing access to substance use interventions in a juvenile justice setting by using: 1) a computer- assisted intervention addressing marijuana use for adolescents, and 2) a computer program on strategies to improve management of teens who misuse drugs for parents.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Substance Abuse Behavioral: Computer Counseling Behavioral: Standard Care Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Four out of five youth in the juvenile justice system show evidence of being under the influence during their offenses, and over half test positive for substances at the time of their arrest. Further, 92% of arrested juveniles who tested positive for drugs tested positive for marijuana. Although some treatment programs for juvenile offenders exist, most have focused on detained and incarcerated juveniles, who only represent one third of arrested youth. As a result, little is known about how to improve the continuum of care for the remaining two-thirds of this population, which consists of court involved but non-incarcerated youth (CINI). Court recommendations and referrals for CINI have mostly relied on outside community-based services, thus decreasing the likelihood CINI youth and their families will take the additional steps to seek intervention. Given that motivational interventions (MI) are brief, relatively easy to implement and have a greater reach than typical substance use treatment programs, researchers have recently directed their focus to interactive, computer-delivered MI protocols to further increase their reach as well as facilitate their implementation. Online interventions can be delivered at a lower cost, with less demand on staff time for training, and increased protocol fidelity, portability, and ease of use. While counselor-delivered MIs for adolescent substance use have been tested fairly widely, only a few studies have been published on the efficacy of computer-assisted MIs. Further, little research has focused on the efficacy of such interventions with marijuana using adolescents in general, and more specifically with CINI adolescents. In addition, combining such interventions for adolescents with brief parenting interventions is important but yet rarely implemented. Therefore, this application proposes to examine the feasibility and acceptability of integrating a computer-assisted,, brief intervention protocol into the juvenile intake procedures at the Rhode Island Family Court (RIFC) for marijuana using adolescents and their parents. Following an open trial of the brief protocol, , 80 adolescents who screen positive for marijuana use at juvenile intake will be recruited from the RIFC and randomly assigned to one of two conditions: 1) a computer-assisted adolescent MI plus an online parenting program ; or 2) usual care. Outcomes will be examined at 3 and 6-month follow-ups. This small trial will provide some initial evidence regarding utility of this protocol with CINI youth and whether a larger, fully powered trial is indicated in the future.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 90 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: a computer-assisted adolescent motivational interview plus an online parenting program for substance abuse will be compared to usual care.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Blind to treatment condition to which subject is assigned
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Computer-Assisted Brief Intervention Protocol for Marijuana Using Juvenile Offenders
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Marijuana

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Computer counseling
a computer-assisted adolescent motivational intervention called e-toke plus an online parenting program - Parenting Wisely
Behavioral: Computer Counseling
two computer counseling online programs for a teen and a parent

Active Comparator: Standard care
Standard care is typically referral to counseling for substance use
Behavioral: Standard Care
A referral for substance use counseling




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time Line Follow Back Interview (TLFB) [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    The Timeline Follow-back Interview is a widely used research tool with good reliability and validity for various groups of individuals. Marijuana and alcohol consumption information is collected using a calendar format with temporal cues (e.g., holidays) to assist in recall of days when marijuana and alcohol were used. Data from the TLFB will be summarized to yield the total number of marijuana and alcohol use days.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Marijuana and alcohol problems [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    Marijuana and alcohol use problems will be assessed using items from the Add Health longitudinal study on symptoms of abuse and dependence including problems at school, home; physical fights; and physical symptoms such as vomiting and "hang over."



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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • teen age 14 to 17, inclusive, living at home with at least one parent/guardian
  • teen report of history of marijuana use and a positive brief screen during intake procedures * parental consent/ child assent; and, 4) one parent willing to participate in intervention

Exclusion Criteria:

  • developmental delay
  • teen or parents are not able to adequately speak and understand English or Spanish.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03107117


Contacts
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Contact: Anthony Spirito, PhD 4013692435 anthony_spirito@brown.edu
Contact: Anthony Spirito, PhD 4018617583 anthony_spirito@brown.edu

Locations
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United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Family Court Recruiting
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Contact: Kathleen Kemp, PhD    401-793-8269    kkemp@lifespan.org   
Contact: Kevin Richard, BA    401-458-5262    KRichard@courts.ri.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brown University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Anthony Spirito, PhD Brown University

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Responsible Party: Anthony Spirito, Professor, Brown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03107117     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DA042247
First Posted: April 11, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 4, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Analysis files will be constructed from the stored electronic data and will be stripped of identifying information with the Safe Harbor method. Specifically, youth and their parents will be identified with a family identifier and person identifier number that is randomly generated and not related to any element of their personal identifying information. No names, addresses, telephone numbers, fax numbers, email addresses, social security numbers, medical records, etc. will be retained. Dates will contain only year and a randomly generated day-of-the-year. We will only share it with external investigators when a data use agreement (DUA) is executed between the Brown University and the requester's institution. The DUA will specify the requested data elements (each of which must be justified), the specific research question, the timeline for the project, and schedule for data destruction. The data will be made available on April 1, 2021 by the PI

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders