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Meditation and Emotional Intelligence

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03097510
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 31, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanford Nidich, Maharishi University of Management Research Institute

Brief Summary:
This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of the Transcendental Meditation program on emotional intelligence and perceived stress in supervisors and administrative staff in a public school system

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Job Stress Perceived Stress Behavioral: Transcendental meditation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The objective of this study was to determine whether a mind-body technique, known as the practice of Transcendental Meditation® (TM), could significantly increase emotional intelligence and decrease perceived stress in supervisors and administrative staff in a public school system. For this purpose, 96 participants from the administrative offices of the San Francisco Unified School District were randomly assigned to either immediate start of the TM program or to a delayed start wait-list control group. Subjects learning TM were instructed to meditate for 20 minutes twice a day for the four month duration of the project. All subjects were administered the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) at baseline and posttest. If successful, these findings would suggest that TM could be used as a professional development program in organizations to increase emotional intelligence and decrease perceived stress, in turn enhancing leadership capacity and organizational effectiveness.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 96 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: randomized controlled trial
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: data collectors and investigators were blind to treatment status of the subject
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Meditation and Emotional Intelligence: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : October 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Transcendental Meditation
The TM technique is a simple, natural, effortless technique that allows the mind to experience finer levels of the thinking process until the mind transcends and experiences the source of thought, a state of deep, integrated relaxation. During the meditation session, the active mind settles down to a silent yet fully awake state of awareness. TM was taught to study participants by certified instructors, using standardized procedures for teaching.
Behavioral: Transcendental meditation
The TM technique was taught as a standard 7 step course over 4 consecutive days. Thereafter, subjects attended bimonthly group meetings for more advanced knowledge over the four month intervention period.
Other Name: TM technique

No Intervention: Wait list control
This wait list group served as the control group. After the study was completed, the wait-list controls were given the option to learn the TM technique as their reward for participating as controls during the 4 month study.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline EQ-i at four months ]
    The EQ-i is a self-report instrument that measures a range of non-cognitive capabilities, competencies, and skills that influence one's ability to succeed in coping with environmental demands and pressures.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline PSS at four months ]
    The PSS is a 14-item instrument that measures the degree to which situations in one's life are appraised as stressful.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years or older,
  • an employee of the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD),
  • attendance at an informational meeting on the TM program,
  • willingness to be randomly assigned to either active treatment or the control group.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • having already learned the TM program,
  • not being available to attend treatment or testing sessions.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03097510


Sponsors and Collaborators
Maharishi University of Management
Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education
Investigators
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Study Director: Laurent D Valosek Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education
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Responsible Party: Sanford Nidich, Associate Director, Maharishi University of Management Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03097510    
Other Study ID Numbers: DLF-WEHF-1440
First Posted: March 31, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: data may be available upon request from other researchers but at the discretion of the principal investigator

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Sanford Nidich, Maharishi University of Management Research Institute:
Perceived stress
Leadership
Transcendental Meditation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Occupational Stress
Occupational Diseases
Stress, Psychological
Behavioral Symptoms