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Study of TAK-228 In Patients With Previously Treated Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03097328
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 31, 2017
Results First Posted : February 24, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 24, 2023
Calithera Biosciences, Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bradley A. McGregor, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This research study is investigating a drug as a possible treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The intervention involved in this study is TAK-228.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Cell Carcinoma Drug: TAK-228 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being studied.

The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved TAK-228 as a treatment for any disease but it is being investigated as a treatment for advanced solid tumors, blood disorders, and inflammatory diseases. TAK-228 works to inhibit or interfere with cellular functions involved in cell growth and survival. TAK-228 specifically targets a type of protein that can make chemicals that trigger cell growth, including cancer cell growth. This protein may also cause cells to produce proteins that trigger the development of new blood vessels. Cancers need new blood vessels in order to grow. In some types of cancer, this type of protein (mTOR) is switched on, and it makes the cancer cells grow and produce new blood vessels. mTOR blockers (inhibitors) are a newer type of cancer growth blocker that can stop the growth of some types of cancer.

Researchers hope to learn how participants with previously treated mRCC will respond to treatment with TAK-228. Other goals of this study include assessing the types of side effects associated TAK-228 and whether there is a relationship between certain genetic mutations (changes to your DNA) and participant responses to the drug.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 39 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of TAK-228 In Patients With Previously Treated Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : August 1, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 20, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 25, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TAK-228
  • TAK-228 will be taken orally on a weekly basis for 4 weeks per cycle
  • Dosage will be determined by the study team
Drug: TAK-228
TAK-228 works to inhibit or interfere with cellular functions involved in cell growth and survival. TAK-228 specifically targets a type of protein that can make chemicals that trigger cell growth, including cancer cell growth
Other Name: INK128

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Imaging assessments occurred every eight weeks (2 cycles) for response evaluation. The median number of cycles administered was 2 (range <1-15), thus participants were assessed up to ~14 months. ]

    The best overall response rate is the percentage of participants achieving complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as the best response recorded on treatment based on Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST 1.1).

    CR and PR must meet the following lesion criteria without having any new lesions as well:

    Target Lesion:

    (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.

    (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

    Non-Target Lesion:

    (CR): Disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. All lymph nodes must be non-pathological in size (<10 mm short axis).

    Non-CR/Non-Progressive Disease: Persistence of one or more non-target lesion(s) and/or maintenance of tumor marker level above the normal limits. Must have PR in target lesion.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: Participants followed for up to 14 months ]

    Progression free survival (PFS) was defined as time from treatment initiation to radiographic progression, clinical progression or death from any cause, or it was censored at the date of last disease evaluation if an event had not occurred. Median PFS was estimated from the Kaplan Meier methodology.

    Radiographic progression is defined by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria 1.1 as follows:

    - >20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (including baseline if it's the smallest).


    -Appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.

  2. Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Participants were follow for up to ~27 months ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from treatment initiation to death from any cause or censored at the time of last follow-up for surviving patients. Median overall survival was estimated using the Kaplan Meier methodology.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Any Grade 3 or Higher Treatment-related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Adverse events are measured continuously on treatment and up to thirty days after going off treatment (up to ~15 months). ]
    Toxicity was assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0. Treatment related adverse events were those that were deemed as "Definitely", "Probably" and "Possibly" related to the study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1 within 28 days prior to registration.
  • Documented pathologic diagnosis of RCC. All subtypes eligible including but not limited to clear cell, papillary, chromophobe, collecting duct carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, and unclassified categories. Sarcomatoid and rhabdoid differentiation are allowed.
  • Patients with clear cell histology must have demonstrated: 1) Progression on at least one prior anti -angiogenic agent unless intolerable; AND 2) progression on at least one agent that blocks the PD-1 pathway unless felt by the treating physician to be contraindicated (examples include but are not limited to: patients with autoimmune disease or patients requiring systemic steroids greater than 10 mg/day prednisone or its equivalent) or if they have been discontinued due to toxicity. Prior rapalogues are allowed.
  • Patients with non-clear cell histology must have received at least one prior anti-cancer therapy. Prior rapalogues are allowed.
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ³ lower limit of normal (LLN) as assessed by either multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2.
  • Must have adequate organ and bone marrow function.
  • Hematological

    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1500 K/mm^3 (without use of G-CSF 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL (transfusions allowed)
    • Platelets (Plts) ≥ 100 k/mm^3
  • Renal

    • Calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula will be used to calculate creatinine clearance) ≥ 30 mL/min
    • Urinalysis: For patients with 2+ proteinuria on urinalysis, 24 hour urine collection should be obtained, 24 hour urine protein should be <2 grams.
  • Hepatic

    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN). For subjects with Gilbert's disease ≤ 3.0 mg/dL
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 × ULN; ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN; ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present
  • Metabolic

    • Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) < 7.0%,
    • Fasting serum glucose ≤ 130 mg/dL
    • Fasting triglycerides ≤ 300 mg/dL
  • Recovery to baseline or ≤ grade 1 Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 from toxicities related to any prior treatment, unless adverse events are clinically non-significant and/or stable on supportive therapy.
  • Capable of understanding and complying with the protocol requirements and has signed the informed consent document. Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  • Submission of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) archival tumor specimens from the previous 18 months, if available. If not available, a fresh tumor biopsy prior to treatment initiation is MANDATORY unless determined medically unsafe or not feasible by the site investigator.

    • The archival specimen must contain adequate viable tumor tissue.
    • Specimens may consist of a tissue block (preferred and should contain the highest grade of tumor) or a recommended minimum of 20 unstained serial sections. Fine-needle aspiration, brushings, cell pellet from pleural effusion, bone marrow aspirate/biopsy are not acceptable.
    • Distant metastases specimens are preferred but if not available primary nephrectomy specimens are acceptable.
  • Subjects who experience a disease response per RECIST 1.1 criteria followed by subsequent progression will be required to have a post-treatment biopsy if feasible and safe.
  • Sexually active subjects and their partners must agree to use medically accepted methods of contraception.

    • For women:

      • Postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR
      • Surgically sterile, OR
      • Agree to practice 1 effective method of contraception and 1 additional effective (barrier) method at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 90 days (or longer, as mandated by local labeling [eg. USPI, SmPC, etc.] after the last dose of study drug, OR
      • Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject (Periodic abstinence [e.g, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods] and withdrawal, spermicides only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception. Female and male condoms should not be used together.)
    • For men:

      • Even if surgically sterilized (ie, status post-vasectomy), they must agree to practice highly effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 120 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
      • Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject (Periodic abstinence [e.g, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods for the female partner] and withdrawal, spermicides only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception. Female and male condoms should not be used together.)
      • Agree not to donate sperm during the course of this study or 120 days after receiving their last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with a history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) within 6 months of study treatment initiation.
  • Receipt of any type of small molecular kinase inhibitor (including investigational kinase inhibitors) within 2 weeks of enrollment or receipt of any anti-cancer therapy (including investigational therapy, monoclonal antibodies, cytokine therapy) within 3 weeks of enrollment.
  • Treatment with any investigational products within 3 weeks before the first dose of study drug.
  • Radiation therapy for bone metastases within 2 weeks, other external radiation therapy within 4 weeks of enrollment.
  • Received prior hemibody external radiotherapy.
  • Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with radiotherapy, radiosurgery, or surgery and stable for at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment as documented by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) imaging. Treated brain metastases are defined as having no ongoing requirement for steroids and no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment for at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment as documented by MRI or CT imaging.
  • Imminent or established spinal cord compression based on clinical and/or imaging. In subjects with untreated imminent or established spinal cord compression, treatment with standard of care as clinically indicated should be completed at least 4 weeks before enrollment.
  • The subject has a history of any of the following within the last 6 months before administration of the first dose of the drug:

    • Ischemic myocardial event, including angina requiring therapy and artery revascularization procedures
    • Ischemic cerebrovascular event, including transient ischemic attack and artery revascularization procedures
    • Requirement for inotropic support (excluding digoxin) or serious (uncontrolled) cardiac arrhythmia (including atrial flutter/fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia)
    • Placement of a pacemaker for control of rhythm
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure
    • Significant active cardiovascular or pulmonary disease including:

      • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained BP >160 mm Hg systolic or > 95 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment.
      • Pulmonary hypertension
      • Uncontrolled asthma or O2 saturation < 90% by arterial blood gas analysis or pulse oximetry on room air
      • Significant valvular disease; severe regurgitation or stenosis by imaging independent of symptom control with medical intervention, or history of valve replacement
      • History of arrhythmia requiring an implantable cardiac defibrillator
      • Medically significant (symptomatic) bradycardia
  • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus defined as glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) > 7%; subjects with a history of transient glucose intolerance due to corticosteroid administration may be enrolled in this study if all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met
  • Active gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation. Subjects with enteric stomata (such as ileostomy, colostomy) are also excluded:
  • Tumors invading the GI-tract, active peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, acute pancreatitis or acute obstruction of the pancreatic or biliary duct, or gastric outlet obstruction.

    --Abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, bowel obstruction, or intraabdominal abscess within 12 weeks before enrollment. NOTE: Complete healing of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed before enrollment.

  • Clinically significant hematemesis or hemoptysis of > 0.5 teaspoon (2.5 ml) of red blood, or other history of significant bleeding (such as pulmonary hemorrhage) within 4 weeks of enrollment.
  • Other clinically significant disorders such as:

    • Known active infection requiring systemic treatment, infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness, chronic hepatitis B or known or suspected active hepatitis C infection.
    • Serious non-healing wound or ulcer.
    • Malabsorption syndrome.
    • Symptomatic hypothyroidism.
    • Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C).
    • Requirement for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
    • History of solid organ transplantation.
  • Major surgery (such as GI surgery) within 6 weeks of enrollment. However, subjects who have had a nephrectomy may be enrolled 4 weeks after surgery, providing there are no wound-healing complications. Subjects with clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible. The following are not considered to be major procedures: Thoracentesis, paracentesis, port placement, laparoscopy, thoracoscopy, bronchoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonographic procedures, mediastinoscopy, skin biopsies, incisional biopsies, imaging-guided biopsy for diagnostic purposes, and routine dental procedures.
  • QTcF (Fridericia formula for the QT interval correction for the heart rate) > 480 msec within 4 weeks of enrollment. If the initial QTcF is found to be > 480 msec, two additional electrocardiograms (EKGs) separated by at least 3 minutes should be performed. If the average of these three consecutive results for QTcF is ≤ 480 msec, the subject meets eligibility in this regard. Subjects with history of congenital long QT syndrome, or torsades de pointes, are not allowed.
  • Pregnant or lactating females.
  • Inability to swallow tablets or capsules.
  • Previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment formulations.
  • Malignancies other than RCC within 5 years of first study treatment with the exception of those with negligible risk of metastases or death (carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, non-muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma).
  • Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the site investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol.
  • Daily or chronic use of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and/or having taken a PPI within 7 days before receiving the first dose of study drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03097328

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United States, California
University of California, San Diego Moores Cancer Center
La Jolla, California, United States, 92093
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bradley A. McGregor, MD
Calithera Biosciences, Inc
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Principal Investigator: Bradley McGregor, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Bradley A. McGregor, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Bradley A. McGregor, MD, Sponsor Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03097328    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-527
First Posted: March 31, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 24, 2022
Last Update Posted: May 24, 2023
Last Verified: May 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Bradley A. McGregor, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases