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BIOLUMA: Biomarkers for Nivolumab and Ipilimumab and Evaluation of the Combination in Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03083691
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : March 20, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lung Cancer Group Cologne

Brief Summary:

BIOLUMA is a multicentric non-randomised phase II trial in patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Cohort 1) and patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) (Cohort 2) after failure of platinum-based first-line therapy. NSCLC patients are treated with nivolumab until disease progression and subsequently receive a combination therapy of nivolumab and ipilimumab. SCLC patients receive four cycles of nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab and subsequent nivolumab monotherapy. Primary endpoint for both cohorts is overall response rate of combination therapy.

Within the diagnostic part tumor biopsies will be analysed. Tumor tissue will be obtained before initiation of therapy and after progression on nivolumab monotherapy before addition of ipilimumab in Cohort 1 and after completion of the four nivolumab/ipilimumab combination cycles before continuation of nivolumab monotherapy in Cohort 2, respectively. Flow cytometry of blood samples and microbiome analysis of deep rectal swaps are performed prior to therapy as well as during course of treatment.

Cohort 1(NSCLC) is closed for enrollment due to Sponsor decision

In Cohort 2 (SCLC) a Prescreening for high Tumor Mutation Burden is necessary before enrollment.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma, Small Cell Lung Drug: Nivolumab, Ipilimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Cohort 2 (SCLC) has been subdivided by amendment in Cohort 2a without prescreening and Cohort 2b with TMB-prescreening. For Cohort 2a enrolment has been stopped in December 2017. Enrolment in Cohort 2b is still ongoing.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 106 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

The treatment period is subdivided in Treatment Part A and B which differ between the two cohorts:

Cohort 1 (non-squamous NSCLC):

During Treatment Part A nivolumab 240 mg IV q2w as monotherapy is administered. At time of disease progression another re-biopsy is mandatory before initiation of combination therapy (Treatment Part B). Within Treatment Part B, nivolumab is given in a dose of 3 mg/kg q2w together with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV q6w.

Cohort 2 (SCLC):

Patients have to undergo a prescreening for high Tumor Mutation Burden. Within Treatment Part A, nivolumab 1 mg/kg q3w together with ipilimumab 3 mg/kg q3w for a total of four doses is administered. After the four combined doses have been administered, another re-biopsy is mandatory before initiation of Treatment Part B. In Treatment Part B, nivolumab 240 mg q2w monotherapy is administered until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Nivolumab in Combination With Ipilimumab to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety Relapsed in Lung Cancer and to Evaluate Biomarkers Predictive for Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibition
Actual Study Start Date : April 5, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Cohort 1, NSCLC
During Treatment Part A nivolumab 240 mg IV q2w as monotherapy is administered. At the time of disease progression a re-biopsy is performed before initiation of combination therapy (Treatment Part B). Within Treatment Part B, nivolumab is given in a dose of 3 mg/kg q2w together with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV q6w.
Drug: Nivolumab, Ipilimumab
Cohort 1: addition of ipilimumab in case of progression on nivolumab monotherapy.

Cohort 2, SCLC
Within Treatment Part A, nivolumab 1 mg/kg q3w together with ipilimumab 3 mg/kg q3w for a total of four doses is administered. After the four combined doses have been administered, a re-biopsy is performed before initiation of Treatment Part B. In Treatment Part B, nivolumab 240 mg q2w monotherapy is administered until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
Drug: Nivolumab, Ipilimumab
Cohort 2: upfront combination therapy of nivolumab and ipilimumab for four cycles, followed by nivolumab monotherapy.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cohort 1: ORR after addition of ipilimumab to nivolumab treatment. [ Time Frame: From beginning of combination therapy until the date of first documented progression, or date of death of any cause, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 120 months. ]
    ORR is defined as proportion of patients with reduction in tumor burden as assessed by RECIST 1.1 criteria (investigator-assessed).

  2. Cohort 2: ORR of the combination therapy nivolumab and ipilimumab. [ Time Frame: From beginning of combination therapy until the date of first documented progression, or date of death of any cause, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 120 months. ]
    ORR is defined as proportion of patients with reduction in tumor burden as assessed by RECIST 1.1 criteria (investigator-assessed).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival of nivolumab monotherapy/nivolumab + ipilimumab combination therapy [ Time Frame: From date of first dose until death, withdrawal of informed consent or lost to follow-up, through study completion, an average of 1 year, up to 120 months. ]
    Time from date of first dose to the date of death to any cause.

  2. Progression-free survival of nivolumab monotherapy/nivolumab + ipilimumab combination therapy [ Time Frame: From date of first dose to first documentation of objective disease progression or to death on study due to any cause, an average of 6 months, up to 120 months. ]
    Time from the date of first dose to first documentation of objective disease progression or to death on study due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  3. Duration of response of nivolumab monotherapy/nivolumab + ipilimumab combination therapy [ Time Frame: First on-study tumor assessment is performed at Week 9 in Cohort 1 and at Week 5 in Cohort 2 and subsequently every 8 weeks through study completion, an average of 1 year. ]
    Time from the first documentation of objective tumor response (CR or PR) that is subsequently confirmed to the first documentation of objective disease progression or to death due to any cause, whichever occurs first

  4. Incidence, severity and grading of adverse events (AEs) during nivolumab monotherapy/ nivolumab + ipilimumab combination therapy [ Time Frame: From initiation of study drug, continuously during the treatment period and for a minimum of 100 days following the last dose of study treatment. ]
    Adverse events are documented according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)

  5. Incidence, severity and grading of serious adverse events (SAEs) during nivolumab monotherapy/ nivolumab + ipilimumab combination therapy [ Time Frame: Following the subject's written consent, SAEs are collected that occur within survival follow-up through study completion, an average of 6 months. For subjects who did not receive study medication, SAEs are collected until resolved. ]
    Serious adverse events are documented according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Note: Cohort 1 is closed for enrollment

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cohort 1: Subjects with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer who present with stage IIIB or stage IV disease after failure of platinum-based first-line therapy. Subjects who received adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy or definitive chemoradiation and develop recurrence or progression, with evidence of stage IIIB-IV disease within 6 months after completion of therapy, are eligible.
  • Cohort 2: Subjects in Cohort 2 have to undergo Prescreening to determine Tumor Mutation Burden. Only patients with high Tumor Mutation Burden are eligible.

Subjects with histologically or cytologically confirmed limited-stage or extensive-stage small cell lung cancer after failure of platinum-based first-line therapy.

Cohort 1 and Cohort 2:

  • Signed and dated written informed consent form must be obtained before the performance of any study-specific procedure
  • Male or female patients ≥ 18 years of age
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-1
  • Subjects must be willing to undergo at least 2 biopsies (baseline and before start of Treatment Part B)
  • Subjects must be considered as suitable for the conduction of 2 biopsies (baseline and in case of progression) by the responsible local investigator
  • Measurable disease by CT or MRI per RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria and should be obtained within 28 days prior to registration: white blood cell count ≥ 2000/μL, Neutrophils ≥ 1500/μL, Platelets ≥ 100 x103/μL, Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL, Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min, AST/ALT ≤ 3 x ULN for patients without liver metastasis, aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 5 x ULN for patients with liver metastasis, Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
  • Prior chemotherapy must have been completed at least 4 weeks before study drug administration, and all AEs have either returned to baseline or stabilized.
  • Prior palliative radiotherapy must have been completed at least 14 days prior to study drug administration
  • Prior targeted therapy must have been completed at least 4 weeks prior to study drug administration
  • Subjects with central nervous system (CNS) metastasis are eligible if CNS metastases are treated and subjects have neurologically returned to baseline (except for residual signs or symptoms related to the CNS treatment) for at least 28 days prior to first dose of study drug administration. In addition, subjects must either be off corticosteroids or on a stable dose or decreasing dose of ≤ 10 mg daily prednisone (or equivalent).
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception and must agree to use adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 5 month after the last dose of study drug.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of b-HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab.
  • Women must not be breastfeeding.
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP must be willing to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 month post treatment completion.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with squamous cell NSCLC
  • Cohort 1: activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation
  • Medical conditions associated with significantly increased risk for bleeding complications caused by biopsy procedures (e.g. known coagulopathies, therapeutic anticoagulation)
  • Active brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if metastases have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for 4 weeks after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug administration. There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration.
  • Presence or history of any other primary malignancy other than NSCLC for Cohort 1 and SCLC for Cohort 2 within 5 years prior to enrolment into the trial, except for adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or any adequately treated in situ carcinoma.
  • Active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to enrol if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger.
  • Positive test for hepatitis B or hepatitis C indicating acute or chronic infection
  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of first dose of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  • Interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or may interfere with the detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity
  • Prior systemic treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or immune checkpoint pathways.
  • Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
  • Any other serious or uncontrolled medical disorder, active infections, physical exam findings, laboratory finding, altered mental status, or psychiatric condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit a subject's ability to comply with the study requirements, substantially increase risk to the subject, or impact the interpretability or study results.
  • Allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction: History of allergy to study drug components and history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
  • Current treatment within another therapeutic clinical trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03083691


Locations
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Germany
Universitätsklinikum Würzburg - Comprehensive Cancer Center
Würzburg, Bayern, Germany, 97080
Universitätsklinikum Tübignen Innere Medizin II
Tübingen, BW, Germany, 72076
Uniklinikum Frankfurt - Medizinische Klinik II
Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, Germany, 60590
Klinikum Kassel
Kassel, Hessen, Germany, 34125
Uniklinik RWTH - Klinik für Hämatoogie, Onkologie...
Aachen, Nord-Rhein-Westfalen, Germany, 52074
Universitätsklinikum Bonn- Medizinische Poliklinik und Poliklinik III
Bonn, NRW, Germany, 53127
University Hospital of Cologne
Cologne, NRW, Germany, 50937
St. Johannes Hospital Dortmund
Dortmund, NRW, Germany, 44137
Uniklinik Düsseldorf - Klinik für Hämatologie und Onkologie
Düsseldorf, NRW, Germany, 40225
Universitätsklinikum Münster- Medizinische Klinik A Pneumologie
Münster, NRW, Germany, 48149
Evangelische Lungenklinik Berlin
Berlin, Germany, 13125
Lungenklinik Hemer
Hemer, Germany, 58675
Lungenkrebszentrum Köln-Mehrheim
Köln, Germany, 51109
Pius Hospital Oldenburg
Oldenburg, Germany, 26121
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lung Cancer Group Cologne
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jürgen Wolf, MD University ClinicCologne
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Responsible Party: Lung Cancer Group Cologne
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03083691    
Other Study ID Numbers: Uni-Koeln-2785
2016-003334-25 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 20, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 13, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Lung Cancer Group Cologne:
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Small Cell
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents