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A Trial Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Degludec and Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Inadequately Treated With Basal Insulin With or Without Oral Antidiabetic Drugs (CONCLUDE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03078478
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 13, 2017
Results First Posted : February 11, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 12, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S

Brief Summary:
This trial is conducted in Europe and North America. The aim of the trial is to compare the efficacy and safety of insulin degludec and insulin glargine 300 units/mL in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately treated with basal insulin with or without oral antidiabetic drugs. Due to change in glycaemic data collection process, this trial is amended to allow for a full 36 weeks (maintenance 2 period) of the use of the new process.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: Insulin degludec Drug: Insulin glargine Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1609 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Trial Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Degludec and Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Inadequately Treated With Basal Insulin With or Without Oral Antidiabetic Drugs
Actual Study Start Date : March 13, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 13, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 4, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: IDeg 200 U/mL Drug: Insulin degludec
For subcutaneous (s.c., under the skin) injection once daily

Active Comparator: IGlar 300 U/mL Drug: Insulin glargine
For subcutaneous (s.c., under the skin) injection once daily




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Severe or BG-confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Maintenance 2 (36 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 36 Weeks ]
    Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia was evaluated during maintenance 2 (36 weeks) period. Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia: An episode that is severe according to the ADA 2013 classification or blood glucose (BG) confirmed by a plasma glucose value <3.1 mmol/L (56 mg/dL) with symptoms consistent with hypoglycaemia. The observed rates (number of episodes divided by patient years of exposure multiplied by 100) of severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemic episodes per patient years of exposure (PYE) is presented in this endpoint results.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Basal Insulin Dose (U) at End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 88 weeks ]
    The observed mean daily basal insulin doses was evaluated at the end of trial (88 weeks).

  2. Number of Nocturnal, Severe or BG-confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Maintenance 2 (36 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
    Nocturnal severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia was evaluated during maintenance 2 (36 weeks). The nocturnal period defined as the period between 00:01 and 05:59 a.m. (both inclusive). Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia: An episode that is severe according to the ADA 2013 classification or blood glucose (BG) confirmed by a plasma glucose value <3.1 mmol/L (56 mg/dL) with symptoms consistent with hypoglycaemia. The observed rates (number of episodes divided by patient years of exposure multiplied by 100) of severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemic episodes per patient years of exposure (PYE) is presented in this endpoint results.

  3. Number of Severe Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Maintenance 2 (36 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 36 weeks (maintenance 2) ]
    Severe hypoglycaemia are those episodes positively adjudicated by the event adjudication committee according to the ADA definition of a severe hypoglycaemic episode. This was evaluated for maintenance 2 period. The observed rates (number of episodes divided by patient years of exposure multiplied by 100) of severe hypoglycaemic episodes per patient years of exposure (PYE) is presented in this endpoint results.

  4. Change in HbA1c From Baseline to End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 88 ]
    Change in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was evaluated from baseline to end of treatment period (week 88).

  5. Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) From Baseline to End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 88 ]
    Change in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was evaluated from baseline to end of treatment period (week 88).

  6. Percentage of Participants With FPG ≤ 7.2 mmol/L (130 mg/dL) at End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: At 88 weeks ]
    Participants achieving a fasting plasma glucose value of less than or equal to 7.2 mmol/L (130 mg/dL) at end of treatment (up to 88 weeks).

  7. Percentage of Participants With FPG ≤ 5.0 mmol/L (90 mg/dL) at End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: At 88 weeks ]
    Participants achieving a fasting plasma glucose value of less than or equal to 5.0 mmol/L (90 mg/dL) at end of treatment (up to 88 weeks).

  8. Percentage of Participants With HbA1c < 7.0% (53 mmol/Mol) at End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) and no Severe or BG Confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Maintenance 2 (36 Weeks) (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) ]
    Participants achieving target HbA1c of less than 7.0% at the end of treatment (88 weeks) without severe or BG-confirmed hypoglycaemia during maintenance 2 (36 weeks).

  9. Percentage of Participants With HbA1c < 7.0% (53 mmol/Mol) at End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) and no Nocturnal, Severe or BG-confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Maintenance 2 (36 Weeks) (Yes/no) [ Time Frame: At 88 weeks ]
    Participants achieving target HbA1c of less than 7.0% at the end of treatment (88 weeks) without nocturnal severe or BG-confirmed hypoglycaemia during maintenance 2 (36 weeks).

  10. Change in Mean Pre-breakfast Self-measured Plasma Glucose Used for Titration From Baseline to End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 88 ]
    Participants measured their pre-breakfast self-measured plasma glucose (SMPG) value until end of treatment (week 88). Mean pre-breakfast self-measured plasma glucose used for titration at baseline and end of treatment (up to 88 weeks) are presented.

  11. Number of Severe or BG-confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 88 weeks ]
    Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia was evaluated during treatment (up to 88 weeks). Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia: An episode that is severe according to the ADA 2013 classification or blood glucose (BG) confirmed by a plasma glucose value <3.1 mmol/L (56 mg/dL) with symptoms consistent with hypoglycaemia. The observed rates (number of episodes divided by patient years of exposure multiplied by 100) of severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemic episodes per patient years of exposure (PYE) is presented in this endpoint results.

  12. Number of Nocturnal, Severe or BG-confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 88 weeks ]
    Nocturnal severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia was evaluated at the end of trial (88 weeks). The nocturnal period defined as the period between 00:01 and 05:59 a.m. (both inclusive). Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia: An episode that is severe according to the ADA 2013 classification or blood glucose (BG) confirmed by a plasma glucose value <3.1 mmol/L (56 mg/dL) with symptoms consistent with hypoglycaemia. The observed rates (number of episodes divided by patient years of exposure multiplied by 100) of severe or BG-confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemic episodes per patient years of exposure (PYE) is presented in this endpoint results.

  13. Number of Severe Hypoglycaemic Episodes During Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 88 weeks ]
    Severe hypoglycaemia are those episodes positively adjudicated by the event adjudication committee according to the ADA definition of a severe hypoglycaemic episode. This was evaluated for the total trial period (88 weeks). The observed rates (number of episodes divided by patient years of exposure multiplied by 100) of severe hypoglycaemic episodes per patient years of exposure (PYE) is presented in this endpoint results.

  14. Number of Adverse Events From Randomisation to End of Maintenance Period 2 (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: 88 weeks ]
    The adverse events presented are treatment emergent. A treatment-emergent AE (TEAE) was defined as an event that had onset date on or after the first day of exposure to randomised treatment and no later than 7 days after the last days of randomised treatment or had onset date before the first day of exposure on randomised treatment and increased in severity during the treatment period and until 7 days after the last date of randomised treatment. Number of adverse events expressed in rates, from randomisation to end of maintenance period 2 (up to 88 weeks) is presented. Rate = number of events divided by patient years of exposure multiplied by 100.

  15. Change in Body Weight From Baseline to End of Treatment (up to 88 Weeks) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 88 ]
    Change in body weight, measured in kilograms, from baseline (week 0) to end of treatment (week 88).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
Inclusion criteria: - Male or female, age above or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent. - Subjects fulfilling at least one of the below criteria (For this inclusion criterion the aim is to include minimum 80% of individuals with a previous episode of hypoglycaemia (criterion e). The remaining subjects will have to fulfil at least one of criteria a-d.): - a) Experienced at least one severe hypoglycaemic episode within the last year (according to the ADA definition, April 2013 (An episode requiring assistance of another person to actively administer carbohydrate, glucagon, or take other corrective actions. Plasma glucose concentrations may not be available during an event, but neurological recovery following the return of plasma glucose to normal is considered sufficient evidence that the event was induced by a low plasma glucose concentration.). - b) Moderate chronic renal failure, defined as glomerular filtration rate 30 - 59 mL/min/1.73 m^2 per CKD-EPI by central laboratory analysis. - c) Hypoglycaemic symptom unawareness (History of impaired autonomic responses (tremulousness, sweating, palpitations, and hunger) during hypoglycaemia). - d) Treated with insulin for more than 5 years. - e) Episode of hypoglycaemia (defined by symptoms of hypoglycaemia and/or episode with low glucose measurement (equal to or below 70 mg/dL [equal to or below 3.9 mmol/L])) within the last 12 weeks prior to Visit 1 (screening). - Subjects diagnosed (clinically) with type 2 diabetes mellitus. - Treated with basal only insulin (once daily or twice-daily insulin (insulin detemir; insulin glargine 100 U/mL, biosimilar of insulin glargine 100 U/mL or insulin Neutral Protamine Hagedorn)) equal to or above 90 days prior to the day of screening with or without any of the following anti-diabetic drugs with stable doses for equal to or above 90 days prior to screening: - a) Metformin - b) Dipeptidyl peptidase -4 inhibitor - c) Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor - d) Alpha-glucosidase-inhibitors (acarbose) - e) Thiazolidinediones - f) Marketed oral combination products only including the products listed in criteria 5a-5e - HbA1c equal to or below 9.5% (80 mmol/mol) at screening by central laboratory analysis. - BMI equal to or below 45 kg/m^2. Exclusion Criteria: - Treatment with any medication for the indication of diabetes or obesity other than stated in the inclusion criteria in a period of 90 days before the day of screening

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03078478


Locations
Show Show 229 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:
Study Protocol  [PDF] May 29, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 21, 2019

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03078478    
Other Study ID Numbers: NN1250-4252
U1111-1184-8175 ( Other Identifier: WHO )
2016-002801-20 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 11, 2020
Last Update Posted: March 12, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: According to the Novo Nordisk disclosure commitment on novonordisk-trials.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin Glargine
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs