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Light Therapy as Treatment for Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03060759
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 23, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Farrah Mateen, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This prospective study will randomize 1:1 people living with multiple sclerosis-associated fatigue to one of two spectra of light therapy. Each participant will be asked to use the light box twice daily at home or at the workplace at preset hours during the day for a total of four weeks. Participants will be asked to record their fatigue on standard measurement scales before, during, and after the use of the light therapy box. The investigators anticipate a reduction in self-reported fatigue following the use of the light box therapy of a particular spectrum of light among people living with multiple sclerosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting Device: Light Therapy box Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Study Protocol:

Eligible participants will be consented and randomized 1:1 to (a) white LT (10,000 lux), or (b) dim red LT (<300 lux). Participants will be informed that this study will examine the effect of two different light spectra on fatigue. The following assessments will be administered by the study principal investigator at the baseline visit: (1) the Kurtzke Extended Disability Status Scale (EDSS), (2) FSS, (3) Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI), (4) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), (5) Berlin questionnaire for obstructive sleep apnea, (6) Epworth Sleepiness Scale. A two-week sleep diary will be collected before enrollment in order to screen for significant behavioral insufficient sleep or circadian rhythm disorders. The light box used for LT is designed to stand on a desk or tabletop. It can be used in the home or office. The light is delivered at a downward angle to maximize the effectiveness. The box runs on 124 watts and contains full spectrum 5000k 10,000 lux bulbs. Bright light treatment requires at least 2,500 lux to be effective.

Data Collection:

The study period will include a two-week baseline period, a four-week treatment period, and a four-week follow up period. Throughout the study period, participants will record their fatigue using the Visual Analogue Fatigue Scale (VAFS) four times daily, starting after waking up, and every four hours thereafter. The VAFS is a simple, validated 10-point scale ranging from 1 to 10 in which participants can report their fatigue as a snapshot at that particular moment. Data collection will occur by participants in self-report fashion. A FSS score will be collected at enrollment as well as at the end of the four week treatment period and the end of the four week follow-up period. There will be three visits with a principal investigators (PI), including the baseline visit described above, a visit with the PI at the end of the treatment period in which participants will report a FSS and discuss their experiences with LT, and a third follow-up visit at the end of the four-week follow up period for a final FSS. At this last visit they will be queried on whether they believe the intervention had any effect on their fatigue and whether they believe the alternative therapy (white light or dim red light) would have been more or less beneficial. Additionally participants will be asked to keep a LT log in which they will record daily LT exposure and associated side effects.

Statistical Analysis:

The primary outcome measure is the change in the average FSS after the four-week study period in the bright light "active" vs. dim light "control" groups. There are no reports on FSS in response to bright LT in pMS. Using the conventional values of α=0.05 and β=0.80 for 2-tailed tests of probability with equally sized groups: a difference in 10 points on FSS between groups requires 18 people per study arm; a difference in 8 points requires 28 people per group. If power is reduced to 70%, the sample sizes are 22 and 14 for 8-point and 10-point differences. First, the investigators will compare the mean change in FSS scores, from baseline to after completion of LT, in an intention to treat analysis. The secondary outcome measure will be a change in the global VAFS scores after light therapy in both groups. Frequencies will be used to describe baseline characteristics across treatment arms. X2 statistics or Fisher's exact test will be used to compare the differences between groups. VAFS will be evaluated using a mixed-effects model which accounts for correlation between repeated measurements. Participant logbooks will be used to generate summary statistics and graphically display fatigue patterns throughout the day. Logbooks will also qualitatively assess the safety and tolerability of LT.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Light Therapy as Treatment for Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Light Therapy-Spectrum 1
Light from 'active' spectrum
Device: Light Therapy box
The light box used for LT (SunRay by The Sunbox Company, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA) is approximately 15.5" tall x 23" wide x 3.25" deep and is designed to stand on a desk or tabletop. It can be used both in the home or office. The light is delivered at a downward angle to maximize the effectiveness. The box runs on 124 watts and contains full spectrum 5000k 10,000 lux bulbs.

Placebo Comparator: Light Therapy-Spectrum 2
Light from 'placebo' spectrum
Device: Light Therapy box
The light box used for LT (SunRay by The Sunbox Company, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA) is approximately 15.5" tall x 23" wide x 3.25" deep and is designed to stand on a desk or tabletop. It can be used both in the home or office. The light is delivered at a downward angle to maximize the effectiveness. The box runs on 124 watts and contains full spectrum 5000k 10,000 lux bulbs.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in average Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) score [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Measure of general level of fatigue


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in global Visual Analogue Fatigue Scale (VAFS) score [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Average of momentary fatigue levels throughout study period



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Relapsing remitting Multiple Sclerosis based on the McDonald Criteria (2010)
  • Over 18 years old
  • Presence of fatigue defined as FSS over 36

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A change in an anti-depressant up to 4 weeks prior to study screening
  • A change in fatigue medication regime or MS disease modifying therapy up to 4 weeks prior to study screening
  • Shift work
  • Use of photosensitizing medication
  • Presence of eye trauma or acute optic neuritis within the preceding 3 months
  • History of traumatic brain injury
  • Probable (untreated) sleep apnea based on Berlin questionnaire
  • Significant anemia
  • History of mania
  • MS relapse in the preceding four weeks
  • Current pregnancy
  • Known light sensitivity
  • Other complicating illness preventing study completion.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03060759


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital

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Responsible Party: Farrah Mateen, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03060759     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016P002696
First Posted: February 23, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Farrah Mateen, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Multiple Sclerosis
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Fatigue
Light Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Sclerosis
Fatigue
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms