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Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Localized Kidney Cancer Undergoing Nephrectomy (PROSPER)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified November 2017 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: February 16, 2017
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
This randomized phase III trial compares nephrectomy (surgery to remove a kidney or part of a kidney) with or without nivolumab in treating patients with kidney cancer that is limited to a certain part of the body (localized). Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving nivolumab before nephrectomy may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed, and after nephrectomy to increase survival. It is not yet known whether nivolumab and nephrectomy is more effective than nephrectomy alone in treating patients with kidney cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Sarcomatoid Renal Cell Carcinoma Stage II Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7 Stage III Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7 Unclassified Renal Cell Carcinoma Procedure: Conventional Surgery Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Nivolumab Other: Patient Observation Other: Pharmacological Study Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 RandOmized Study Comparing PERioperative Nivolumab vs. Observation in Patients With Localized Renal Cell Carcinoma Undergoing Nephrectomy (PROSPER RCC)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • RFS [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to disease recurrence or death from any cause, assessed up to 10 years ]
    Will be assessed among all randomized patients using a stratified log rank test, with nominal one-sided type I error of 2.5%. The type I error will be adjusted for interim analyses.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of toxicity using Common Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    Adverse events will be described separately for patients treated on each arm to evaluate safety and tolerability.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to death from any cause, assessed up to 10 years ]
  • RFS among patients with clear cell cancer [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    The stratified logrank test will be used.

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Absolute T cell clonotype abundance [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    Will be determined by assessing the number of unique clonotypes identified. The data will be summarized descriptively and graphically.

  • Change in cytokine levels in patients randomized to the nivolumab arm [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 10 years ]
    Differences in RFS between patients with and without robust CD8 infiltration will be explored. A Cox proportional hazards model will be used to test the interaction between treatment and cytokine changes.

  • Change in patient-reported symptoms and toxicities [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 10 years ]
    Using the NCCN/FACT Kidney Symptom Index-19 (NFKSI-19), and a carefully selected subset of 5 questions from the PRO-CTCAE pool of items measuring patient-reported toxicity. Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize outcomes at each time point. The impact of nivolumab on symptoms can be assessed by considering the differences between arms in QOL at 18 and 36 weeks. To consider the overall impact of treatment, an area under the curve analysis comparing the entire period from randomization to one year will be used, based on the NFKSI-19 total score. Scoring of the NFKSI-19 will be done usi

  • Change in T cell repertoire [ Time Frame: From diagnosis to on therapy or to time of recurrence, assessed up to 10 years ]
    Morisita's distance will be used as utilized by Cha and colleagues. Morisita's distance ranges from 0-1. Zero indicates minimal change in T cell repertoire (TCR) repertoire size (number of unique clonotypes) and 1 indicates maximal change after treatment.

  • Expression of PD-L1 on tumor tissue at recurrence [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
  • Pharmacokinetic analysis of nivolumab [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    Serum concentration analyses for nivolumab will be performed by validated bio-analytical methods for nivolumab.

  • Primary tumor's expression of PD-L1 [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 10 years ]
    The percentage of cells exhibiting cell-surface staining for PD-L1 will be scored. PD-L1 positivity will be defined per specimen by a 5% expression threshold. Additional analyses will assess the 1% and 10% threshold levels. Information with respect to the relative abundance and location (peritumoral/intratumoral) of immune cell (macrophage and lymphocyte) PD-L1 staining will be captured. The expression-by-treatment interaction will be tested using a proportional hazards model. McNemar's Test will be used to explore categorical changes within each treatment group.

  • TCR diversity using change in repertoire size per patient [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 10 years ]
    The top 25% of unique clonotypes will be identified by sorting for clone frequency. Fold change after recurrence will be measured and plotted on a logarithmic scale.

Estimated Enrollment: 766
Actual Study Start Date: February 2, 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 31, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 31, 2022 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (nivolumab, nephrectomy)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 2 courses. Patients then undergo partial or radical nephrectomy. Patient then receive nivolumab IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 courses, and then every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Procedure: Conventional Surgery
Undergo nephrectomy
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo
Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies
Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment
Active Comparator: Arm II (nephrectomy)
Patients undergo partial or radical nephrectomy followed by observation.
Procedure: Conventional Surgery
Undergo nephrectomy
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Other: Patient Observation
Undergo observation
Other Names:
  • Active Surveillance
  • deferred therapy
  • expectant management
  • observation
  • Watchful Waiting
Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies
Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Detailed Description:


I. To compare recurrence-free survival (RFS) between patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma randomly assigned to perioperative nivolumab in conjunction with radical or partial nephrectomy with patients randomized to surgery alone.


I. To evaluate for differences in recurrence-free survival associated with perioperative nivolumab compared to surgery alone among the subset of patients with clear cell histology.

II. To compare the overall survival between patients randomized to perioperative nivolumab in addition to resection to patients randomized to primary tumor resection alone.

III. To describe the safety and tolerability of perioperative nivolumab.


I. To correlate the primary tumor's expression of programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) with outcome.

II. To correlate the expression of PD-L1 on tumor tissue at recurrence with outcome.

III. To archive images for central confirmation of recurrence and for future correlative work with American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN), including markers predicting outcome or response.

IV. To prospectively collect tumor and biologic specimens (e.g., serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells [PBMCs]) for future correlative studies.

V. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of nivolumab and explore exposure response relationships with respect to safety and efficacy.

VI. To characterize the immunogenicity of nivolumab. VII. To evaluate differences in change from baseline in patient-reported symptoms and toxicities among patients randomized to treatment with nivolumab compared to surgery alone.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 2 courses. Patients then undergo partial or radical nephrectomy. Patient then receive nivolumab IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 courses, and then every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients undergo partial or radical nephrectomy followed by observation.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and every 12 months for 5 years.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Preoperative biopsy for confirmation of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) must be performed within four (4) months prior to randomization

    • If biopsy was performed as part of patients standard care, and will not be performed during step 0 proceed directly to randomization
  • Patients with newly diagnosed higher risk RCC of any histology including sarcomatoid or (if preoperative biopsy was uninformative) - "unknown" histology; RCC must have been confirmed by biopsy within 4 months prior to randomization; if the biopsy clearly demonstrated a benign condition or a different type of cancer, the patient is not eligible to be randomized
  • Clinical stage >= T2NxM0 or TanyN+ disease for which radical or partial nephrectomy is planned
  • Patients must have no clinical or radiological evidence of distant metastases (M0)
  • No concurrent or prior systemic or local anti-cancer therapy for RCC is permitted; examples of these prohibited therapies include:

    • Radical or partial nephrectomy for prior RCC
    • Metastectomy for RCC
    • Radiation therapy to the renal bed or any distant metastatic sites
    • Antineoplastic systemic therapies for RCC: i.e., chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, or standard or investigational agents for treatment of RCC
    • Prior treatment with an anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), anti-PD-L2, anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)137, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0 or 1
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria:

    • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, or
    • Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use accepted and effective methods of contraception, as described in the informed consent form (ICF), or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study; women of childbearing potential should use adequate methods to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks after the last dose of nivolumab; sexually active males should use adequate methods to avoid pregnancy for 31 weeks after the last dose of nivolumab
  • Patient must have no prior history of RCC that was resected with curative intent within the past 5 years
  • Patients must not have other current malignancies:

    • Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 3 years prior to the time of registration and they are not receiving any current treatment
    • Prior or current prostate cancer is excluded

      • A history of superficial Ta urothelial cancer is permitted (not being currently treated) but T1 or greater disease is excluded
  • No active known or suspected autoimmune disease; the following are permitted: patients with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune or non-autoimmune condition requiring hormone replacement, asymptomatic hypothyroidism not requiring treatment, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur
  • No ongoing condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications; no treatment with other immunosuppressive agents within 14 days prior to the first dose of study drug; topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, inhaled steroids and adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.; a brief (less than 3 weeks) course of corticosteroids (any amount) for prophylaxis (for example: contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (for example: delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by a contact allergen) is permitted if > 14 days since last dose
  • No uncontrolled adrenal insufficiency
  • No known chronic active liver disease or evidence of acute or chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV)
  • Patients must not have a serious intercurrent illness, including ongoing or active infection requiring parental antibiotics
  • No known evidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • No known medical condition (e.g. a condition associated with uncontrolled diarrhea such as ulcerative colitis or acute diverticulitis) that, in the investigator's opinion, would increase the risk associated with study participation or interfere with the interpretation of safety result
  • No major surgery within 28 days prior to randomization
  • Patients currently enrolled in other clinical trials testing a therapeutic intervention
  • White blood cells >= 2000/uL
  • Absolute granulocyte count (AGC) >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 40 mL/min
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 x ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN
  • No history of severe hypersensitivity to a monoclonal antibody
  • Signed, dated informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03055013

  Show 132 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Lauren Harshman ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03055013     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2016-00326
NCI-2016-00326 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EA8143 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EA8143 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: February 15, 2017
First Posted: February 16, 2017
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs