Evaluation of the Efficacy Safety and Tolerability of Nitric Oxide Given Intermittently Via Inhalation to Subjects With Bronchiolitis
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03053388|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 15, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2018
Double blind, randomized multi-center, evaluation of the efficacy, safety and tolerability of Nitric Oxide (NO) given intermittently via inhalation to subjects with acute bronchiolitis.
Bronchiolitis is defined as an infection of the small airways. It is also the most common manifestation of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in early infancy, and is the leading cause of global child mortality.
Nitric Oxide (NO) has been shown to play a critical role in various biological functions, including in the vasodilatation of smooth muscle, neurotransmission, regulation of wound healing and during immune responses to infection with a microbicidal action directed toward various organisms. In the airways, NO is considered to play a key role in the innate immune system in which the first-line of host defense against microbes is built.
The beneficial effect of NO has been shown in different diseases with several options of doses and regimens; newborn with primary pulmonary hypertension showed improvement in oxygenation after 30 minutes of NO treatment at 10-20 ppm, while subjects with adult respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated clinical improvement during NO treatment at 18 and 36 ppm.
In vitro studies suggested that NO, in part per million (ppm) concentrations, possesses antimicrobial and anti-viral activity against a wide variety of phyla including bacteria, viruses, helminthes and parasites.
Safety and tolerability of 160 ppm NO given intermittently via inhalation were shown in a phase II study performed on 2-12 month infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis. According to data no difference in the proportion of adverse events and serious adverse events were detected between subjects treated with NO and subjects treated with standard supportive treatment.
In this study the investigators wish to assess the efficacy of 160 ppm NO given intermittently via inhalation to 0-12 months-old infants hospitalized due to acute bronchiolitis.
Primary objective: Asses the difference in hospital Length of Stay (LOS) between subjects treated with 160 ppm NO combined with standard supportive treatment and subjects treated with standard supportive treatment.
Secondary objectives: Asses the difference in the time required to achieve clinical improvement, a clinical score ≤5 (Modified Tal score) between subjects treated with 160 ppm NO combined with standard supportive treatment and subjects treated with standard supportive treatment. Assess the difference in the time required to achieve sustained 92% oxygen saturation in room air between subjects treated with 160 ppm NO combined with standard supportive treatment and subjects treated with standard supportive treatment. Characterize the safety and tolerability of 160 ppm NO intermittent inhalation treatment as measure by the rate of adverse events.
In this prospective double-blind, randomized multi-Center study the investigators will enroll up to 120 (no less than 80) subjects aged 0-12 months-old, diagnosed with acute bronchiolitis and requiring in-patient hospitalization.
Enrolled subjects will be randomized into 2 groups. Group 1 -Treatment group - Will receive 160 ppm NO given intermittent via inhalation in addition to standard treatment for up to 5 days. Group 2 - will receive ongoing inhalation of the standard treatment for up to 5 days. Between study and after completing all study inhalations the subject will continue to receive the standard treatment. Oxygen (O2), NO, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) delivered to the patient will be continuously monitored.
Treatment administration: Treatment blindness will be kept by separating between un-blinded team members (giving the actual treatment) and blinded team members, and by hiding the NO container and all study related equipment behind a curtain.
All subjects will return for follow-up visits on day 14(+5), 21(+5) days and will be contacted on day 30 (+5) from day of admission to the department.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Bronchiolitis||Drug: Nitric Oxide Other: Supportive treatment||Phase 3|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||120 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Efficacy Safety and Tolerability of Nitric Oxide Given Intermittently Via Inhalation to Subjects With Bronchiolitis|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 5, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 19, 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 19, 2018|
Experimental: Group 1 - Nitric Oxide treatment
• Group 1 (NO treatment) - will receive inhalations of 160 ppm NO combined with O2/air for 30 minutes, every 3-4.5 hours, five times a day (24 hours), for up to 5 days (maximum 25 inhalations), in addition to standard supportive treatment.
Drug: Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide given via inhalation in cycles
Other: Supportive treatment
Supportive treatment (including oxygen)
Active Comparator: Group 2 - Control treatment
• Group 2 (Control) - will receive inhalations O2/air using the same treatment schedule and equipment as group 1, in addition to standard supportive treatment.
Other: Supportive treatment
Supportive treatment (including oxygen)
- Hospital Length of Stay (LOS) [ Time Frame: 12 days ]LOS is measured in hours from the time of first treatment dose to the time of physician decision to discharge.
- Clinical score of ≤5 (Modified Tal score). [ Time Frame: 12 days ]The time in hours from first treatment dose, required to achieve a clinical score of ≤5.
- Oxygen saturation (SaO2) ≥92% in room air (without oxygen supplementation) sustained for at least 2 hours [ Time Frame: 12 days ]The time in hours from first treatment dose, required to achieve SaO2 ≥92% in room air sustained for at least 2 hours.
- Adverse events and NO-related adverse events including methemoglobinemia and nitrogen dioxide levels. [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03053388
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