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Safety and Efficacy of Selonsertib in Adults With Compensated Cirrhosis Due to Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) (STELLAR-4)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03053063
Recruitment Status : Terminated (This study was terminated early due to lack of efficacy based on the results of the Week 48 analysis as prespecified in the clinical study protocol.)
First Posted : February 14, 2017
Results First Posted : May 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 7, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether selonsertib (SEL; GS-4997) can cause fibrosis regression and reduce associated complications in adults with cirrhosis due to NASH.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Drug: SEL Drug: Placebo to match SEL 6 mg Drug: Placebo to match SEL 18 mg Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 883 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Selonsertib in Subjects With Compensated Cirrhosis Due to Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
Actual Study Start Date : January 30, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 6, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : May 6, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SEL 6 mg

Randomized Phase: SEL 6 mg plus placebo to match SEL 18 mg for up to 240 weeks.

Open-Label (OL) Phase: Participants who experienced a hepatic clinical event during the randomized phase prior to completing the Week 240 visit, will be offered the option to receive OL SEL 18 mg daily for a total treatment duration of 240 weeks inclusive of the Randomized Phase.

Drug: SEL
Tablets administered orally once daily
Other Names:
  • selonsertib
  • GS-4997

Drug: Placebo to match SEL 18 mg
Tablets administered orally once daily

Experimental: SEL 18 mg

Randomized Phase: SEL 18 mg plus placebo to match SEL 6 mg for up to 240 weeks.

Open-Label Phase: Participants who experienced a hepatic clinical event during the randomized phase prior to completing the Week 240 visit, will be offered the option to receive OL SEL 18 mg daily for a total treatment duration of 240 weeks inclusive of the Randomized Phase.

Drug: SEL
Tablets administered orally once daily
Other Names:
  • selonsertib
  • GS-4997

Drug: Placebo to match SEL 6 mg
Tablets administered orally once daily

Placebo Comparator: Placebo

Randomized Phase: Placebo to match SEL 6 mg plus placebo to match SEL 18 mg for up to 240 weeks.

Open-Label Phase: Participants who experienced a hepatic clinical event during the randomized phase prior to completing the Week 240 visit, will be offered the option to receive OL SEL 18 mg daily for a total treatment duration of 240 weeks inclusive of the Randomized Phase.

Drug: Placebo to match SEL 6 mg
Tablets administered orally once daily

Drug: Placebo to match SEL 18 mg
Tablets administered orally once daily




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieve a ≥ 1-Stage Improvement in Fibrosis According to the Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Clinical Research Network (CRN) Classification Without Worsening of NASH [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Fibrosis improvement was defined as ≥ 1-stage decrease from baseline in fibrosis according to the NASH CRN classification. NASH CRN fibrosis stages range from 0 to 4, with higher scores indicating greater fibrosis (0=None, 4=Cirrhosis). Worsening of NASH was defined as ≥ 1 point increase from baseline in hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation according to the Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Activity Score (NAS) criteria. As defined by NAS, hepatocellular ballooning ranges from 0-2 and lobular inflammation ranges from 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation.

  2. Event-Free Survival (EFS) at Week 240 as Assessed by Time to First Clinical Event [ Time Frame: Week 240 ]
    EFS was assessed by the time to the first clinical event, including liver decompensation events, liver transplantation and all-cause mortality.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Had a ≥ 1-Stage Improvement in Fibrosis Without Worsening of NASH at Week 240 [ Time Frame: Week 240 ]
    Fibrosis improvement was defined as ≥ 1-stage decrease from baseline in fibrosis according to the NASH CRN classification. NASH CRN fibrosis stages range from 0 to 4, with higher scores indicating greater fibrosis (0=None, 4=Cirrhosis). Worsening of NASH was defined as ≥ 1 point increase from baseline in hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation according to the NAS criteria. As defined by NAS, hepatocellular ballooning ranges from 0-2 and lobular inflammation ranges from 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation.

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Had a ≥ 1-Stage Improvement in Fibrosis at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Fibrosis improvement was defined as ≥ 1-stage decrease from baseline in fibrosis according to the NASH CRN classification. NASH CRN fibrosis stages range from 0 to 4, with higher scores indicating greater fibrosis (0=None, 4=Cirrhosis).

  3. Percentage of Participants Who Had a ≥ 1-Stage Improvement in Fibrosis at Week 240 [ Time Frame: Week 240 ]
    Fibrosis improvement was defined as ≥ 1-stage decrease from baseline in fibrosis according to the NASH CRN classification. NASH CRN fibrosis stages range from 0 to 4, with higher scores indicating greater fibrosis (0=None, 4=Cirrhosis).

  4. Percentage of Participants Who Had NASH Resolution at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    NASH resolution was defined as lobular inflammation of 0 or 1 from ≥ 1 at baseline and hepatocellular ballooning reduced to 0 from a value ≥ 1 at baseline; both criteria were necessary conditions. As defined by NAS, hepatocellular ballooning ranges from 0-2 and lobular inflammation ranges from 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation. Evaluable participants had baseline lobular inflammation and hepatocellular ballooning ≥ 1.

  5. Percentage of Participants Who Had NASH Resolution at Week 240 [ Time Frame: Week 240 ]
    NASH resolution was defined as lobular inflammation of 0 or 1 from ≥ 1 at baseline and hepatocellular ballooning reduced to 0 from a value ≥ 1 at baseline; both criteria were necessary conditions.As defined by NAS, hepatocellular ballooning ranges from 0-2 and lobular inflammation ranges from 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation. Evaluable participants had baseline lobular inflammation and hepatocellular ballooning ≥ 1.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Liver biopsy consistent with NASH and cirrhosis (F4 fibrosis) according to the NASH Clinical Research Network (CRN) classification, in the opinion of the central reader
  • Has the following laboratory parameters at the screening visit, as determined by the central laboratory:

    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 8 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Creatinine Clearance (CLcr) ≥ 30 milliliter/minute (mL/min), as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation
    • HbA1c ≤ 9.5% (or serum fructosamine ≤ 381 micromole (μmol) if HbA1c is unable to be resulted)
    • International normalised ratio (INR) ≤ 1.4, unless due to therapeutic anti-coagulation
    • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior history of decompensated liver disease including clinical ascites, hepatic encephalopathy (HE), or variceal bleeding
  • Child-Pugh (CP) score > 7, as determined at screening, unless due to therapeutic anti-coagulation
  • Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score > 12, as determined at screening, unless due to therapeutic anti-coagulation
  • Other causes of liver disease including, but not limited to, alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, autoimmune disorders, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, Wilson disease, iron overload, and alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, based on medical history and/or centralized review of liver histology.
  • History of liver transplantation
  • Current or history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)

Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03053063


Locations
Show Show 283 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
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Study Director: Gilead Study Director Gilead Sciences
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Gilead Sciences:
Study Protocol  [PDF] May 31, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 23, 2019

Publications of Results:
Alkhouri N, Younossi ZM, Lawitz EJ, Wong VWS, Romero-Gomez M, et al. Impact of age on routinely available noninvasive tests for the discrimination of advanced fibrosis due to NASH in the phase 3 STELLAR trials of the ASK1 inhibitor selonsertib [Poster SAT-273]. European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL); 2019; Vienna Austria.
Anstee QM, Lawitz EJ, Alkhouri N, Wai Sun Wong V, Romero-Gomez M, et al. Routinely available noninvasive tests discriminate advanced fibrosis due to NASH in the Phase 3 STELLAR trials of the ASK1 inhibitor selonsertib [poster]. American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD); 2018, San Francisco, CA.
Younossi ZM, Lawitz E, Alkhouri N, Wong VWS, Romero-Gomez M, et al. Algorithms using noninvasive tests can accurately identify patients with advanced fibrosis due to NASH: Data From the STELLAR clinical trials [Poster LB-10]. AASLD; 2018; San Francisco, CA.
Younossi ZM, Stepanova M, Anstee QM, Lawitz EJ, Wai-Sun Wong V, et al. Severe impairment of patient-reported outcomes in patients with advanced fibrosis due to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) [Poster]. AASLD; 2018; San Francisco, CA.
Younossi ZM, Stepanova M, Anstee QM, Lawitz EJ, Wai Sun Wong V, et al. Advanced fibrosis based on noninvasive tests in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with impairment of patient-reported outcomes [Poster]. AASLD; 2018; San Francisco, CA.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03053063    
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-US-384-1944
2016-004148-13 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 7, 2020
Last Update Posted: May 7, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Qualified external researchers may request IPD for this study after study completion. For more information, please visit our website at https://www.gilead.com/science-and-medicine/research/clinical-trials-transparency-and-data-sharing-policy
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: 18 months after study completion
Access Criteria: A secured external environment with username, password, and RSA code.
URL: https://www.gilead.com/science-and-medicine/research/clinical-trials-transparency-and-data-sharing-policy

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fatty Liver
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases