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Robotic Retinal Dissection Device Trial (R2D2)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03052881
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 18, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to determine whether use of a robotic system improves the precision and therefore safety of high precision steps in retinal surgery. Two common surgical scenarios (ERM/ILM peel and sub retinal haemorrhage displacement surgery) that require a high degree of precision to avoid damage to the retina have been chosen for this trial. These steps also have been selected because they allow a clearly definable outcome measure e.g. time taken to complete a specific step in the operation. The main issue here is that the patients will be undergoing this procedure regardless of enrolment in the trial - the only difference being that for study participants the surgeon will perform parts of the operation with the assistance of the robot.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epiretinal Membrane Retinal Hemorrhage Device: Robot assisted surgery Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This trial will be a prospective interventional surgical case series to pilot the use of a robotic device in retinal surgery. Specifically, the investigators will determine whether particular operations are performed more quickly and safely with robotic assistance. The PRECEYES Surgical System is a robotically assistive device developed by PRECEYES Medical Robotics, a Dutch-based research group at the Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. It has been designed to enhance surgical precision, specifically for vitreoretinal eye surgery. The device provides accuracy beyond human capabilities of <10μm in all directions (x, y, z planes). The surgeon is always in control of the instrument by manipulating the motion controller. Patients undergoing one of two operations will be invited to enroll in the study (i.e. consent for the following operations is an eligibility criteria for the study itself): i) those undergoing epiretinal or inner limiting membrane peel, ii) those undergoing subretinal haemorrhage displacement surgery. The study will involve the surgeon performing specific surgical steps of these operations, that require very high levels of precision, with the assistance of the robot. Efficiency, accuracy and safety data will be collected. Eligible study participants will be recruited from the cohort of patients attending the outpatient clinics of the Oxford Eye Hospital who require either ERM/ILM peel or sub retinal haemorrhage displacement surgery. The expected duration and frequency of pre- and post-operative follow up will be identical to standard NHS care for these particular operations i.e. no additional study visits or procedures will be required.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Parallel assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Robotic Retinal Dissection Device Trial
Actual Study Start Date : May 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 23, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : August 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bleeding

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Robot assisted surgery
To investigate use of an intraocular robotic system to assist the surgeon in performing one of two operation: i) epiretinal, or inner limiting, membrane peel and ii) displacement of sub macular haemorrhage.
Device: Robot assisted surgery
The PRECEYES Surgical System is a robotically assistive device developed by PRECEYES Medical Robotics, a Dutch-based research group at the Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. It has been designed to enhance surgical precision, specifically for vitreoretinal eye surgery. The device provides accuracy beyond human capabilities of <10μm in all directions (x, y, z planes). The surgeon is always in control of the instrument by manipulating the motion controller.

No Intervention: Control
A control group of patients underwent either i) epiretinal, or inner limiting, membrane peel and ii) displacement of sub macular haemorrhage without the use of a robot i.e. the surgery was done in the standard manner.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Intra-operative retinal micro-trauma [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    To explore the safety of the PRECEYES surgical robot assisted surgeon in two specific eye surgery procedures during steps that require the greatest manual precision. A count of the number of iatrogenic retinal micro-haemorrhages and/or inadvertent instrument touches of the retina will be made. This outcome measure will be assessed at the time of surgery and followed post-operatively using optical coherence tomography scans of the macula.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of robotic assisted surgery compared to standard surgery [ Time Frame: Intra-operative i.e. 1 day. ]
    To investigate the speed of the PRECEYES surgical robot assisted surgeon in initiating membrane removal from the retina compared with the standard of care (manual) technique. The duration of steps performed with the assistance of the robot will be compared to the standard operative technique.

  2. Accuracy of instrument positioning in the subretinal space during subretinal injection, measured by visualising the cannula tip position with an integrated optical coherence tomography (OCT) operating microscope. [ Time Frame: Intra-operative i.e. 1 day. ]
    To investigate the accuracy of the PRECEYES surgical robot assisted surgeon in performing subretinal injection of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). The cannula tip position will be documented using real-time OCT. Where possible, a comparison to the standard technique will be performed. Deviation in an x, y or z plane from the desired optimal position in the subretinal space will be recorded.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant is willing and able to give informed consent for i) participation in the trial ii) for the surgery itself e.g. standard NHS consent form.
  2. Males or females aged 18 - 90 years.
  3. Standard vitreoretinal operation deemed necessary by the ophthalmologist, specifically: injection of subretinal tissue plasminogen activator for treatment of sub retinal haemorrhage, or peeling of epiretinal and/or inner limiting membrane.
  4. Patients must be deemed fit for surgery.
  5. In the Investigator's opinion, the participant is able and willing to comply with all trial requirements.
  6. Willing to allow his or her General Practitioner or Consultant, to be notified of participation in the trial (not required for the control arm).

Exclusion Criteria:

-


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03052881


Locations
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United Kingdom
University of Oxford
Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, OX3 9DU
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Robert E MaLaren, DPhil FRCOphth University of Oxford
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03052881    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16/LO/005
First Posted: February 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 18, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Anonymised data may be shared with other researchers as per Study Protocol and Research Participant Consent form.
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Epiretinal Membrane
Retinal Hemorrhage
Hemorrhage
Pathologic Processes
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Eye Hemorrhage