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Reproducibility Study of Transcranial Doppler

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03050567
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Edinburgh

Brief Summary:
Hardening of the neck vessels (carotid arteries) caused by fatty deposits called 'plaques' is a common cause of strokes. Over time plaques can burst or may lead to a severe narrowing (stenosis) of the neck artery. When plaques burst, small clots or fatty particles (called microemboli) break off, block brain vessels and lead to a stroke. Researchers have an incomplete understanding of the processes that cause hardening of the arteries, development of small clots and are unable to predict who will have a stroke. At present, the only ultrasound scan that evaluates circulation in the head and detects these small clots is called the Transcranial Doppler ultrasound. The aim of the study is to test this simple ultrasound technique to see if it can detect signals that may correspond to these small clots or fatty particles. The other objective is to see how repeatable the ultrasound technique is. This may help to identify patients with hardened neck arteries who are at higher risk of a recurrent stroke. This could also potentially improve patients selection to a targeted surgical or future novel pharmacological therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Stroke Diagnostic Test: Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Reproducibility Study of Transcranial Doppler Microembolic Signals Detection in the Middle Cerebral Artery
Actual Study Start Date : March 17, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 1, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 9, 2017

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Healthy Volunteers
Healthy volunteers with no previous history of cerebrovascular disease and aged over 18 years old.
Diagnostic Test: Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound
Transcranial Doppler will be performed on the symptomatic (ipsilateral to an index event) middle cerebral artery in a quiet temperature controlled room. The middle cerebral artery will be identified through the temporal window in a supine position with a flow direction towards the probe. The subject will have a head frame (Marc 600 Spencer Technologies, USA) fitted to reduce motion and to secure a constant angle of the middle cerebral artery insonation depth at 50-60 mm from the skull surface. All recordings will be made using the ST3 Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound System (Spencer Technologies, USA) with a 2-MHz transducer for 1 hour. Emboli will be detected by listening for their characteristic short audible sound (range 10-100 ms, intensity threshold above 7 dB) and spectral appearance using the International Consensus Group microembolus identification criteria and an automated Embolus Detection Software (Spencer Technologies, USA).

Subjects with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis
Patients with symptomatic cerebrovascular event (stroke, transient ischaemic attack or amaurosis fugax) and image confirmed carotid artery stenosis of >30%. This will include patients scheduled for carotid endarterectomy (>50% for men and >70% for women, by North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial criteria) or treated conservatively with an optimal medical therapy (if patient declined surgical intervention or is outside surgical criteria for carotid endarterectomy).
Diagnostic Test: Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound
Transcranial Doppler will be performed on the symptomatic (ipsilateral to an index event) middle cerebral artery in a quiet temperature controlled room. The middle cerebral artery will be identified through the temporal window in a supine position with a flow direction towards the probe. The subject will have a head frame (Marc 600 Spencer Technologies, USA) fitted to reduce motion and to secure a constant angle of the middle cerebral artery insonation depth at 50-60 mm from the skull surface. All recordings will be made using the ST3 Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound System (Spencer Technologies, USA) with a 2-MHz transducer for 1 hour. Emboli will be detected by listening for their characteristic short audible sound (range 10-100 ms, intensity threshold above 7 dB) and spectral appearance using the International Consensus Group microembolus identification criteria and an automated Embolus Detection Software (Spencer Technologies, USA).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Presence of microembolic signals in the Middle Cerebral Artery. [ Time Frame: 14 days ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Two cohorts of subjects including healthy volunteers and those with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis will be recruited in different ways. All subjects will undergo basic clinical evaluation prior to participation. In the second cohort, this will include assessment of relevant carotid artery and brain imaging investigations as well.

Healthy volunteers will be recruited from the Centre for Cardiovascular Science at Edinburgh University by the Primary Investigator (PI).

Patients with evidence of an acute neurovascular event (stroke, transient ischaemic attach and retinal ischaemia) due to a symptomatic carotid artery stenosis will be recruited from the acute TIA/Stroke clinics and inpatients at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary by the responsible Consultant Neurologist or Stroke Physician. Once eligible patients are identified at this point PI will recruit subjects into the study.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy volunteers with no previous history of cerebrovascular disease and aged over 18 years old.
  • Patients with symptomatic cerebrovascular event (stroke, transient ischaemic attack or amaurosis fugax) and image confirmed carotid artery stenosis of >30%. This will include patients scheduled for carotid endarterectomy (>50% for men and >70% for women, by North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial criteria) or treated conservatively with an optimal medical therapy (if patient declined surgical intervention or is outside surgical criteria for carotid endarterectomy).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects unable to comply with the study procedures such as a severe disabling stroke.
  • Inadequate temporal window for Transcranial Doppler assessment.
  • Adults with incapacity.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03050567


Locations
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United Kingdom
Centre for Cardiovascular Science
Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH16 4SB
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Edinburgh

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Edinburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03050567     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AC16131
First Posted: February 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2018
Last Verified: May 2017

Keywords provided by University of Edinburgh:
Microemboli