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Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) for Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03045172
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Center for Vulvovaginal Disorders

Brief Summary:

Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a skin condition of the external genitals (vulva) of women. LS causes vulvar itching, pain, and burning. In addition, LS causes scarring of the vulva which may cause significant sexual dysfunction or pain. Lastly, 4-6% of women with LS will develop vulvar cancer.

The current "gold standard" treatment for lichen sclerosus is potent steroids creams. When used correctly, steroid creams help to decrease the symptoms of itching and burning and can prevent further vulvar scarring. In addition, proper treatment reverses the underlying inflammation of LS, and may lower the risk of getting cancer. While useful, steroid creams may have serious side effects that include thinning of the skin, fungal infections, and lowering the immune system.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a platelet concentrate that helps to speed up tissue healing, without serious side effects, in a very wide range of medical conditions such as diabetic foot ulcers, muscle injury, tendon injury, and in a variety of cosmetic procedures. The PRP works because of its high level of proteins that help with wound healing. It is also apparent from the majority of published studies that PRP therapy has minimal risk of scar tissue formation or significant bad side effects.

Recently, there was an exploratory study of twelve subjects that used PRP for the study treatment of lichen sclerosus. While this study showed good success, the study was limited because of its small size and lack of placebo (a drug or study treatment that contains no active ingredient) control.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lichen Sclerosus of Vulva Biological: Platelet Rich Plasma Drug: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This will be a randomized single-blind placebo controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of autologous Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP) for the treatment of vulvar lichen sclerosus. Thirty patients with a diagnosis of biopsy proven active vulvar lichen sclerosus will be recruited from one center. This study will consist of a two-week screening period and a 12-week treatment period. At the beginning of the screening period, a 4 millimeter punch skin biopsy sample will be collected from each patient to confirm the diagnosis of active lichen sclerosus and to rule out the diagnoses of lichen planus, psoriasis, candidiasis, and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. In addition, vulvoscopy will be performed at the screening visit and after the 12-week treatment period to rule out vulvar carcinoma. All eligible patients will be randomized to receive either placebo (saline injections) (10 subjects) or two separate treatments of PRP separated by 6 weeks (20 subjects). Each treatment would consist of an injection of 5 ml of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injected subdermally and intra-dermally, infiltrating the areas of the vulva affected by active lichen sclerosus. A repeat biopsy will be performed adjacent to the original biopsy site at the 12 week visit.

The preparation of autologous PRP is as follows: 60 cc of whole blood will be removed via venopuncture. Preparation of PRP is done using a proprietary, FDA approved, centrifuge which uses a laser and a closed sterile system to identify and isolate the most platelet rich fraction of 60ml of whole blood. [Magellan® Autologous Platelet Separator System. Arteriocyte Medical Systems. Hopkinton, MA USA].

The PRP will be collected in a blackened syringe so that neither Dr. Goldstein (the physician administering the PRP) nor the patient will know if she is receiving the PRP or placebo.

After isolation of the PRP, calcium chloride (0.7ml) will be added to the 5 ml of PRP isolate to activate the thrombin cascade, thereby causing degranulation of platelets, releasing growth factors and cytokines, and starting the transformation of the PRP to platelet rich fibrin matrix (PRFM).

The primary efficacy variable will be performed by a blinded dermatopathologist who will evaluate the inflammatory infiltration on biopsy specimens obtained during the screening period and at the Week 14 visit (1 to 4 scales). A secondary endpoint will be changes from baseline in the "Clinical Scoring System for Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus" (CSS) a validated instrument that assessment both an investigator's impression of the severity of disease and a patient's impression of the severity of her disease.

All adverse events will be recorded, including serious adverse events. A physical examination will be performed at each visit.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 29 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Masking Description: Dermatopathologist
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double Blind Placebo Controlled Trial of Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Intradermal Injections for the Treatment of Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus
Study Start Date : November 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group 1
20 subjects with Platelet Rich Plasma injections
Biological: Platelet Rich Plasma
PRP

Placebo Comparator: Group 2
10 subjects with placebo injections
Drug: Placebo
Saline




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Scoring System for Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
    A validated instrument that assesses both the investigator's impression of the severity of disease and a patient's impression of the severity of her disease pre and post-intervention.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female, 18 year or older
  • With a diagnosis of biopsy proven active vulvar lichen sclerosus
  • Signed written informed consent
  • Willingness and ability to comply with the study requirements
  • Subject must have a score of 5 or greater in the itching (pruritus) domain of the CSS upon enrollment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Who have received systemic immunosuppressants (e.g. corticosteroids) within 12 weeks prior to participation in the study
  • Who have been treated with topical therapy (e.g. topical corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, topical estrogen, topical testosterone) at the affected area within 16 weeks prior to participation in the study.
  • Who are immunocompromised (e.g. lymphoma, AIDS, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome) or have an uncontrolled malignant disease
  • Who suffer from systemic of generalized infections (bacterial, viral, or fungal)
  • Who have been diagnosed with lichen planus, psoriasis, candidiasis, intraepithelial neoplasia, or carcinoma of the vulva
  • Who had received an investigational drug within four weeks prior to the study or who intend to use other investigational drugs during the course of this study.
  • Patients with severe medical conditions(s) that in the view of the investigator prohibits participation in the study.
  • Who have a history of substance abuse of any factor, which limits the subject's ability to cooperate in the study procedure
  • Who are uncooperative, known to miss appointments (according to subjects' records) and are unlikely to follow medical instructions pr are not willing to attend regularly scheduled visits.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03045172


Locations
United States, District of Columbia
The Center for Vulvovaginal Disorders
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037
Sponsors and Collaborators
Center for Vulvovaginal Disorders
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Andrew T Goldstein, MD The Center for Vulvovaginal Disorders

Study Data/Documents: Informed Consent Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Click the link titled "NEW STUDY FOR LICHEN SCLEROSUS- PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP)- Open to new participants" to open the informed consent.

Publications:

Responsible Party: Center for Vulvovaginal Disorders
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03045172     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCRF-1
First Posted: February 7, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Center for Vulvovaginal Disorders:
Lichen Sclerosus
Platelet Rich Plasma
Vulvar
Vulva

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus
Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus
Lichenoid Eruptions
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases
Vulvar Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female