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Clinical and Physiological Studies of Tremor Syndromes

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified August 23, 2017 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) )
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03027310
First received: January 18, 2017
Last updated: August 26, 2017
Last verified: August 23, 2017
  Purpose

Background:

Researchers have some data on how the brain controls movement and why some people have tremor. But the causes of tremor are not fully known. Researchers want to study people with tremor to learn about changes in the brain and possible causes of tremor.

Objective:

To better understand how the brain controls movement, learn more about tremor, and train movement disorder specialists.

Eligibility:

People ages 18 and older with a diagnosed tremor syndrome

Healthy volunteers ages 18 and older

Design:

Participants will be screened with:

  • Medical history
  • Physical exam
  • Urine tests
  • Clinical rating scales
  • Health questions
  • They may have electromyography (EMG) or accelerometry. Sensors or electrodes taped to the skin measure movement.

Participation lasts up to 1 year.

Some participants will have a visit to examine their tremor more. They may have rating scales, EMG, and drawing and writing tests.

Participants will be in 1 or more substudies. These will require up to 7 visits. Visits could include the following:

  • EMG with accelerometry
  • Small electrodes taped on the body give small electric shocks that stimulate nerves.
  • MRI: Participants lie on a table that slides into a cylinder that takes pictures of the body while they do simple tasks.
  • Small electrodes on the scalp record brain waves.
  • A cone with detectors on the head measures brain activity while participants do tasks.
  • A wire coil held on the scalp gives an electrical current that affects brain activity.
  • Tests for thinking, memory, smell, hearing, or vision
  • Electrodes on the head give a weak electrical current that affects brain activity.
  • Photographs or videos of movement

Participant data may be shared with other researchers.


Condition
Parkinson Disease Dystonia Essential Tremor

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Clinical and Physiological Studies of Tremor Syndromes

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Exploratory association of clinical and phenotypic data of tremor with neurophysiological study outcomes. [ Time Frame: Study Completion ]

Estimated Enrollment: 450
Study Start Date: January 6, 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 1, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 1, 2022 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Objectives:

The purpose of this protocol is to study the phenotypic spectrum and the pathophysiology of tremor syndromes by performing small behavioral, electrophysiological and neuroimaging sub-studies. The protocol includes techniques with minimal risk (standard clinical evaluation, MRI, EEG, peripheral nerve stimulation, single and paired pulse TMS) and certain sub-studies may involve healthy volunteers. This protocol aims to study neurophysiological and behavioral outcomes in defined groups of patients with action tremor syndromes, to inform future hypothesis-driven and confirmatory studies, which will be developed and submitted as separate protocols. For this purpose, we aim to conduct 1) pilot sub-studies, 2) individual patient investigations, 3) training studies for investigators, as well as 4) technical development studies.

Study population:

We intend to up to 300 patients with essential tremor and other isolated action tremor syndromes, as well as 150 healthy volunteers.

Design:

This is a non-hypothesis driven study involving standardized phenotyping as well as thematic sub-studies. After patients and healthy volunteers complete a screening visit, patients will undergo a standardized phenotyping visit including clinical rating scales as well as electrophysiological tremor-workup. Patient and healthy controls may then be enrolled in sub-studies, which are pertinent to the theme of this protocol. If a sub-study leads to results of interest, a separate protocol will be submitted with a priori hypotheses, specific study design and power analysis adapted from the pilot or exploratory sub-studies performed in the present protocol. At any given time, no more than 5 sub-studies can be actively accruing subjects concurrently.

Outcome measures:

Outcome measures applied in this protocol involve methods for tremor phenotyping such as clinical rating scales and questionnaires, electrophysiological tremor studies, videotaped exam, as well as digitizing based tasks. During the thematic studies focused on the neurophysiological characterization of tremor syndromes, the following outcome measures will be applied: EMG: we will analyze tremor signals using spectral analyses, coherence analyses, and in combination with accelerometry, EEG, MEG, and TMS to explore tremor-networks. MRI: we will analyze measures such as the amplitude of the BOLD signal (fMRI); tractography between seed and target regions of interest (using DTI); morphometry of brain regions (using VBM); and different neurotransmitter levels in brain regions of interest (using MRS). EEG and MEG: we will quantify measures such as corticomuscular coherence, event- or task-related potentials, synchronization/desynchronization, and coherence between sensors or sources located close to the brain areas of interest. TMS: we will analyze measures such as MEP amplitude and central conduction time, as well as measures of cortical excitability and inhibition paradigms. Behavioral measures: we will quantify measures of voluntary movement involving tremor, reaction times to initiate movements, EMG patterns, movement kinematics (position, velocity, acceleration, curvature), eye movement. Actigraphy: We will quantify continuous recordings of motion sensors involving multiaxial accelerometers and gyroscopes. Furthermore, we may measure autonomic data during the course of experiments (such as blood pressure, skin conductance, and respiratory rate) which would correlate to the outcome measures.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TREMOR PATIENTS:
  • Patients diagnosed with a tremor syndrome, including, but not limited to

    • Essential tremor (per definition of the Tremor Research Group)
    • Parkinson disease (per UK Brain Bank criteria)
    • Focal tremor such as isolated head tremor, voice tremor
    • Task-specific tremor such as primary writing tremor
    • Orthostatic tremor
    • Patients with other tremor syndromes such as dystonic tremor, intention tremor, etc.
  • Age 18 or older
  • Able to give informed consent
  • Agree to not drink caffeine or alcohol for 12 hours before phenotyping and selected thematic study visits because both agents can modify brain activity and may confound outcome measures.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS:

  • Age 18 or older.
  • Able to give informed consent.
  • Agree to not consume caffeine or alcohol for 12 hours before selected thematic study visits because both agents may modify the activity of the brain during the study.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TREMOR PATIENTS:

  • Problematic alcohol use, as defined by a score of 8 or higher on the WHO Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)
  • History of a brain tumor, a stroke, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy or a history of seizures.
  • History of psychotic disorder, Bipolar Disorder or a current depressive episode.
  • History or clinical evidence of another neurologic disorder than a tremor syndrome as defined above, which may interfere with the ability to comply with protocol requirements or interpret the obtained results.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS:

  • Have abnormal findings of clinical significance on the neurological examination that may affect the scientific integrity of the study
  • Problematic alcohol use, as defined by a score of 8 or higher on the WHO Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)
  • History of a brain tumor, a stroke, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy or a history of seizures.
  • History of psychotic disorder, Bipolar Disorder or a current depressive episode.

ADDITIONAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR MOVEMENT DISORDER PATIENTS AND HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS SPECIFICALLY FOR MRI:

We will follow the NMR Center guidelines for MR safety.

Some of the exclusions are:

  • Have non-MRI compatible metal in the body, such as a cardiac pacemaker, brain stimulator, shrapnel, surgical metal, clips in the brain or on blood vessels, cochlear implants, artificial heart valves or ferromagnetic fragments in the eye or oral cavity as these make having an MRI unsafe.
  • Unable to lie flat on the back for the expected length of the experiment.
  • Have uncontrolled movements of the head.
  • Have an abnormality on the brain imaging or neurologic examination not related to the diagnosis.
  • Uncomfortable being in a small space for the expected length of the experiment.
  • Non-removable body piercing or tattoo posing MRI risk
  • Pregnancy.

ADDITIONAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TREMOR PATIENTS AND HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS FOR TMS AND MRI:

  • Ferromagnetic metal in the cranial cavity or eye, e.g. aneurysm clip or ocular foreign body.
  • Implanted electronic device including deep brain stimulation systems.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03027310

Contacts
Contact: Elaine P Considine, R.N. (301) 435-8518 considinee@ninds.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dietrich K Haubenberger, M.D. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03027310     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 170035
17-N-0035
Study First Received: January 18, 2017
Last Updated: August 26, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) ):
Dystonic Tremor
Essential Tremor
Tremor
Voice Tremor
Parkinson's Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Dystonia
Tremor
Essential Tremor
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Dyskinesias
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 21, 2017