Aldosterone bloCkade for Health Improvement EValuation in End-stage Renal Disease (ACHIEVE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03020303
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 22, 2018
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Population Health Research Institute

Brief Summary:

Individuals receiving dialysis are at risk of heart failure and heart related death. There is an urgent need for treatments that reduce the risk of these problems in patients that require dialysis.

Spironolactone is a pill used to prevent heart failure and related deaths in patients that do not require dialysis. It works by blocking a hormone (aldosterone) in your body that causes high blood pressure and can damage the heart. Although spironolactone is very effective in patients that do not require dialysis, we do not know if spironolactone is effective in dialysis patients. Our research will help determine if spironolactone reduces heart failure and heart related deaths in dialysis patients.

The purpose of this study is to determine if spironolactone reduces death or hospitalization for heart failure and is well tolerated in patients that require dialysis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Endstage Renal Disease Drug: Spironolactone 25Mg Tablet Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Globally, over 2 million people receive dialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and 650,000 new patients start dialysis each year. Furthermore, the number of patients receiving dialysis is increasing as access to dialysis in the developing world improves and the prevalence of diabetes and vascular disease rises. Despite technical advances in dialysis, the outcomes for patients with ESRD are poor. Patients have frequent hospitalizations, poor health related quality of life and strikingly, high mortality rates.

The most common cause of death in patients receiving dialysis is cardiovascular disease, accounting for >40% of all deaths. Observational studies suggest a causal pathway to cardiovascular death that includes progressive ventricular hypertrophy and dilatation as well as accelerated atherosclerosis. These changes result in myocardial ischemia and cardiac fibrosis that, in turn, lead to heart failure, arrhythmias and cardiac arrest. Strongly implicated in this pathophysiology is aldosterone. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in non-ESRD patients, prevent cardiovascular deaths and small randomized controlled trials of MRAs in ESRD suggests they may reduce death and may be safe.

Spironolactone is the most commonly used MRA worldwide. We will conduct a multicentre randomized controlled trial (RCT) to determine if spironolactone reduces cardiac mortality and hospitalizations for heart failure in patients treated with dialysis. This trial is called the Aldosterone bloCkade for Health Improvement EValuation in End-stage renal disease (ACHIEVE).

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 2750 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Aldosterone bloCkade for Health Improvement EValuation in End-stage Renal Disease
Actual Study Start Date : July 7, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Oral Tablet
A tablet with no active medication that will be an exact match of the active spironolactone in taste and appearance
Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet
Randomized participants will receive a study supply of placebo tablets with no active medical ingredients. They will be instructed to take 1 tablet daily.

Active Comparator: Spironolactone 25 MG Tablet
25 mg of active spironolactone in tablet form
Drug: Spironolactone 25Mg Tablet
Randomized participants will receive a study supply of spironolactone 25 mg tablets. They will be instructed to take 1 tablet daily.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Death or hospitalization for heart failure [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cause specific death [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]
  2. Hospitalization for heart failure [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]
  3. All-cause death [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]
  4. All-cause hospitalization [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]
  5. Hospitalization for hyperkalemia [ Time Frame: up to 5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age

    1. ≥45 years or
    2. ≥18 with a history of diabetes
  2. On dialysis ≥ 90 days
  3. On either

    1. Hemodialysis prescribed at least 2 treatments per week or
    2. Peritoneal dialysis prescribed with at least 1 exchange daily
  4. Provides informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Hyperkalemia

    1. Serum potassium >5.8 mmol/L in the 6 weeks prior to enrollment or
    2. Serum potassium >6.0 mmol/L during active run-in
  2. Currently taking and unable to withdraw a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (i.e. spironolactone or eplerenone).
  3. Known sensitivity or allergy to spironolactone
  4. Current or planned pregnancy or breastfeeding
  5. Scheduled living related donor renal transplant
  6. Life expectancy < 6 months in the opinion of a treating nephrologist.
  7. Enrolled in another interventional trial testing a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist or drug that has a known or likely interaction with spironolactone.
  8. Treating physician believes either spironolactone is either absolutely indicated or absolutely contra-indicated

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03020303

Contact: Joanne Wilkinson, B.A. 9055274322 ext 40357
Contact: Katie Ou-Yang, B.A. 9055274322 ext 41107

Australia, Australian Capital Territory
Canberra Hospital Recruiting
Garran, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, 2605
Contact: Girish S Talaulikar, MD    0262442955   
Australia, New South Wales
Concord Repatriation General Hospital Recruiting
Concord, New South Wales, Australia, 2139
Contact: Mona Razavian, MD    0402069898   
Australia, Queensland
Sunshine Coast University Hospital Recruiting
Birtinya, Queensland, Australia, 4575
Contact: Nicholas A Gray, MD    0752022882   
Princess Alexandra Hospital Recruiting
Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia, 4102
Contact: Yeoung-Jee Cho, MD    61731765080   
Canada, Alberta
Foothills Hospital Recruiting
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 2T9
Contact: Braden Manns, MD    403-944-2595 ext 4120   
Principal Investigator: Braden Manns, MD         
University of Alberta Recruiting
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2G3
Contact: Neesh Pannu, MD    780-407-8520   
Canada, British Colombia
St. Paul's Hospital Recruiting
Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada, V6Z 1Y6
Contact: Mercedeh Kiaii, MD    604-682-2344 ext 62232   
Principal Investigator: Mercedeh Kiaii, MD         
Canada, Nova Scotia
Queen Elizabeth II Health Science Centre Recruiting
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3H 1V7
Contact: Karthik Tennankore, MD    9024732099   
Contact: Steven D Soroka, MD    9024732099      
Canada, Ontario
St. Joseph's Healthcare Recruiting
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 4A6
Contact: Christian Rabbat, MD    9055221155 ext 33542   
Contact: Scott Brimble, MD    9055221155 ext 33787   
Queen's University at Kingston, Division of Nephrology Recruiting
Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Contact: Benjamin K Thomson, MD    613-533-6000 ext 74500   
Victoria Hospital Recruiting
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5W9
Contact: Matthew Weir, MD    519-685-8502   
Principal Investigator: Matthew Weir, MD         
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute Recruiting
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1Y 4E9
Contact: Debra Zimmerman, MD   
Principal Investigator: Debra Zimmerman, MD         
Health Sciences North Research Institute Recruiting
Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, P3E 5J1
Contact: John P Harmon, MD    702-523-7300 ext 2634   
Contact: Amy Nistico, MD    705-523-7300 ext 3900   
Principal Investigator: John P Harmon, MD         
St. Michael's Hospital Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5B 1W8
Contact: Ron Wald, MD    416-864-3703   
Principal Investigator: Ron Wald, MD         
Canada, Quebec
Hopital du Sacre-Coeur de Montreal Recruiting
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H4J 1C5
Contact: Francois Madore, MD    514-338-2222 ext 2491   
Principal Investigator: Francois Madore, MD         
Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal (CHUM) Recruiting
Montréal, Quebec, Canada, H2W 1T8
Contact: Rita Suri, MD    514-890-800 ext 36369   
Principal Investigator: Rita Suri, MD         
CHU de Quebec L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec Recruiting
Québec, Canada, G1R 2J6
Contact: Sacha DeSerres, MD    418-691-5464   
Principal Investigator: Sacha DeSerres, MD         
Clinica de la Costa Ltda Not yet recruiting
Barranquilla, Atlantico, Colombia
Contact: Gustavo Aroca Martinez, MD    5753369999   
Centro Cardiovascular Santa Lucía IPS Not yet recruiting
Cartagena, Bolivar, Colombia, 130010
Contact: Monica Suarez Sotomayor, MD    5756612975   
Fundacion Centro de Obesidad y Metabolismo COMETA Not yet recruiting
Pasto, Nariño, Colombia, 520001
Contact: Edgar G Arcos Palma, MD    5727361111   
Fundación Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas - RIESCARD Not yet recruiting
Espinal, Tolima, Colombia, 733520
Contact: Henry Jose Garcia Lozada, MD    5782487602   
Centro de Asistencia del Sindicato Medico del Uruguay-Institucion de Asistencia medica Privada (CASMU-IAMPP) Not yet recruiting
Montevideo, Uruguay
Contact: Laura Sola, MD   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Population Health Research Institute
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Principal Investigator: Michael Walsh, MD, PhD McMaster University
Study Chair: PJ Devereaux, MD, PhD McMaster University

Responsible Party: Population Health Research Institute Identifier: NCT03020303     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACHIEVE
First Posted: January 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 22, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: N/A - no plan to make IPD available to other researchers

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
Natriuretic Agents