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Autologous Dendritic Cells Pulsed With Tumor Lysate Antigen Vaccine and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03014804
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Final contract negotiations)
First Posted : January 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Northwest Biotherapeutics
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the side effects of autologous dendritic cells pulsed with tumor lysate antigen vaccine and nivolumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with glioblastoma that has come back. Vaccines made from a person's tumor cells may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving dendritic cell-autologous lung tumor vaccine and nivolumab may work better in treating patients with glioblastoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Giant Cell Glioblastoma Gliosarcoma Oligodendroglioma Recurrent Glioblastoma Small Cell Glioblastoma Biological: autologous dendritic cells pulsed with tumor lysate antigen Vaccine Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Nivolumab Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Other: Questionnaire Administration Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial Evaluating Combination Therapy Using DCVax-L (Autologous Dendritic Cells Pulsed With Tumor Lysate Antigen) and Nivolumab (an Anti-PD-1 Antibody) for Subjects With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme
Estimated Study Start Date : December 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group I (DCVax-L)
Patients receive autologous dendritic cells pulsed with tumor lysate antigen vaccine ID on days 0, 7, 14, and weeks 4, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17 and 20.
Biological: autologous dendritic cells pulsed with tumor lysate antigen Vaccine
Given ID
Other Name: DCVax-Lung

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Experimental: Group II (DCVax-L, nivolumab)
Patients receive autologous dendritic cells pulsed with tumor lysate antigen vaccine as in Group I, and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on days 0, 14, and weeks 4, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17, and 20.
Biological: autologous dendritic cells pulsed with tumor lysate antigen Vaccine
Given ID
Other Name: DCVax-Lung

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events assessed by National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Will be compared between groups and to those reported for historical standards, including subjects treated with nivolumab in prior trials.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The overall survival curves will be displayed using a Kaplan-Meier curve for the pooled and individual treatments. A one-sample log-rank test will also be completed as a sensitivity analysis for the same survival rate assumption as the primary efficacy analysis, and a two-sample log-rank test will be used to compare the survival distribution between the two arms.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival rate [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    The overall survival curves will also be displayed using a Kaplan-Meier curve for the pooled and individual treatments. Estimated proportions of surviving subjects at 9 months will be provided along with the two-sided 95% CIs.

  2. Overall Survival rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The overall survival curves will also be displayed using a Kaplan-Meier curve for the pooled and individual treatments. Estimated proportions of surviving subjects at 12 months will be provided along with the two-sided 95% CIs.

  3. Overall Survival rate [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    The overall survival curves will also be displayed using a Kaplan-Meier curve for the pooled and individual treatments. Estimated proportions of surviving subjects at 18 months will be provided along with the two-sided 95% CIs.

  4. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From treatment initiation to first progression or death assessed up to 12 months. ]
    Kaplan Meier estimates will be provided along with the one-sided 95% lower bound on the survival rate. PFS survival will be compared between groups using a log-rank test.

  5. Quality of Life (QoL) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Will be summarized descriptively for available subjects, and shifts from day 0 will be summarized for post-baseline assessments using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Overall Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire.

  6. Number of participants with complete response (CR) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months of follow up after initiation of treatment ]
    Rates of CR will be provided at fixed intervals where tumor size is evaluated. Exact two-sided CIs for the response rate will be provided and the denominator will include subjects with available information or who have previously died or progressed. A Fisher's exact test will be used to compare the test that the number of CR, CR+PR, and CR+PR+SD subjects is homogeneous across the treatment arms.

  7. Number of participants with partial response (PR) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months of follow up after initiation of treatment ]
    Rates of PR will be provided at fixed intervals where tumor size is evaluated. Exact two-sided CIs for the response rate will be provided and the denominator will include subjects with available information or who have previously died or progressed. A Fisher's exact test will be used to compare the test that the number of CR, CR+PR, and CR+PR+SD subjects is homogeneous across the treatment arms.

  8. Number of participants with stable disease (SD) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months of follow up after initiation of treatment ]
    Rates of SD will be provided at fixed intervals where tumor size is evaluated. Exact two-sided CIs for the response rate will be provided and the denominator will include subjects with available information or who have previously died or progressed. A Fisher's exact test will be used to compare the test that the number of CR, CR+PR, and CR+PR+SD subjects is homogeneous across the treatment arms.

  9. Number of participants with progressive disease (PD) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months of follow up after initiation of treatment ]
    Rates of PD will be provided at fixed intervals where tumor size is evaluated. Exact two-sided CIs for the response rate will be provided and the denominator will include subjects with available information or who have previously died or progressed. A Fisher's exact test will be used to compare the test that the number of CR, CR+PR, and CR+PR+SD subjects is homogeneous across the treatment arms.

  10. Objective response rate (ORR) defined as the percentage of participants with CR + PR [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months of follow up after initiation of treatment ]
    Rates of ORR will be provided at fixed intervals where tumor size is evaluated.

  11. Response/Stable Disease Rate (RSDR) defined as the percentage of participants demonstrating CR+PR+SD [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months of follow up after initiation of treatment ]
    Rates of RSDR will be provided at fixed intervals where tumor size is evaluated.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Changes in PET in lymph nodes [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
    Correlated with TIL density or clonality, clinical outcome, T cell measures in peripheral blood and clinical toxicity. Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  2. Changes in PET in organ tissue [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
    Correlated with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) density or clonality. Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  3. Changes of PET in tumor [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
    Correlated with TIL density or clonality, clinical outcome, T cell measures in peripheral blood and clinical toxicity. Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  4. Effect of nivolumab on peripheral blood lymphocyte and TIL proliferation (CD8+/Ki-67+ staining) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  5. Difference in Progression Free Survival (PFS) of participants treated with combination treatment (Group 1) versus single treatment (group 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months follow up after initiation of treatment ]
  6. Difference in the rates of contrast-enhanced tumor change over time of participants treated with combination treatment (Group 1) versus single treatment (group 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months follow up after initiation of treatment ]
  7. Difference in Overall Survival (OS) of participants treated with combination treatment (Group 1) versus single treatment (group 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months follow up after initiation of treatment ]
  8. Difference in Landmark survival at 9 month of participants treated with combination treatment (Group 1) versus single treatment (group 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 9 months follow up after initiation of treatment ]
  9. Difference in Landmark survival at 12 month of participants treated with combination treatment (Group 1) versus single treatment (group 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months follow up after initiation of treatment ]
  10. Difference in Landmark survival at 18 month of participants treated with combination treatment (Group 1) versus single treatment (group 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months follow up after initiation of treatment ]
  11. Number of somatic mutations in each pre-treatment tumor sample [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Correlated with T lymphocytic response in tumor after DCVax-L +/- nivolumab. Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  12. Oligoclonal T cell populations within tumor tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The magnitude of morphological changes correlated with clinical responses. Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  13. Association of Progression Free Survival (PFS) and Overall Survival (OS) with MGMT methylation status [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The difference of PFS and OS between participants with methylated MGMT promotor and participants with unmethylated MGMT promotor enrolled in each treatment group

  14. Analysis of PD-L1 membrane protein expression level on monocytes in two groups [ Time Frame: from baseline, up to 12 months follow up ]
    Difference in expression level on monocytes at baseline and over time (Week 8, the End of Treatment, month 6 and month 18) compared between two groups

  15. PD-1 and PD-L1 immunohistochemical expression [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) will be used to determine the difference in expression between archived tumor tissue samples and on study tumor tissue samples. Archived tumor tissue samples and on study tumor tissue samples are obtained in paraffin blocks or FFPE tissue slides, and are processed by IHC technique for antitumor expression of PD-1 and PD-L1. Multi-plex IHC stained will be performed to assess: 1) the proportion of PD-L1 expression on GFAP+ tumor cells versus myeloid cells (CD68+ or CD163+) within the tumor microenvironment; and 2) the proportion of PD-1 expression on CD4 or CD8 TIL; and 3) the proximity of CD4/8 TIL to PD-L1+ cells in the tumor microenvironment.

  16. PD-1 and PD-L1 immunohistochemistry density [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Immunohistochemistry will be used to measure the difference in PD-1 and PD-L1 expression between density with clinical responses to combination therapy examined. Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  17. PD-1 and PD-L1 immunohistochemistry clonality [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Immunohistochemistry will be used to measure the difference in PD-1 and PD-L1 expression between clonality with clinical responses to combination therapy examined. Descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, or inferential analyses will comprise a set of exploratory analyses.

  18. Evaluate the effects of the study treatment on CD4+/8+ T cell ratios in two groups [ Time Frame: From baseline up to 12 months of follow up ]
    Fluorescence-activated cell sorting assay will be used to measure T CD4+/8+ T cell ratios

  19. Evaluate the effects of the study treatment on T cell subset proliferation and populations in two groups [ Time Frame: From baseline up to 12 months of follow up ]
    Fluorescence-activated cell sorting assay will be used to measure T cell subset proliferation and population

  20. Evaluate the effects of the study treatment on negative costimulatory molecule expression in two groups [ Time Frame: From baseline up to 12 months of follow up ]
    Fluorescence-activated cell sorting assay will be used to measure negative costimulatory molecule expression



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PRE-SURGERY SCREENING PROCESS
  • Original diagnosis of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) confirmed by central review
  • Radiographic evidence of first recurrence per Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria confirmed by central review
  • Surgically accessible, unilateral, recurrent GBM tumor for which extirpative resection, with intent to perform a gross total or near gross total resection, is indicated; a subject may be screened if he or she has had a previous biopsy and is scheduled for a subsequent gross or near gross total resection prior to commencement of other therapies
  • Ability to understand and sign the tumor procurement informed consent form indicating awareness of the investigational nature of this study; the consent for tumor tissue donation may be signed by a legally authorized representative (LAR) if allowed by the institution
  • Life expectancy of >= 12 weeks
  • Absolute lymphocyte count >= 0.6 x 10^3/mm^3 (0.6 x 10^9/L)
  • MGMT promoter methylation status of original tumor is obtainable
  • POST-SURGERY, PRIOR TO PRE-LEUKAPHERESIS
  • Therapy for recurrent disease must have consisted of surgical resection extending beyond biopsy only, with the intent to achieve gross or near-total resection of the contrast-enhancing tumor mass; subjects who underwent resection confirmed beyond biopsy remain eligible for the screening process; subjects undergoing a biopsy only will be excluded; central confirmation is required before the subject can proceed to leukapheresis
  • Patients with recurrent unilateral GBM, confirmed through central pathology (grade IV), without metastases, remain eligible for this protocol

    • For the purposes of this study, pathology reports for all histologically confirmed GBM includes the recognized variants of glioblastoma (small cell glioblastoma, giant cell glioblastoma, gliosarcoma, and glioblastoma with oligodendroglial components)
  • All subjects must have sufficient tumor lysate protein generated from the resected tumor tissue; this determination will be made by the sponsor's contracted manufacturer and communicated to the clinical site through the sponsor or its designee; this confirmation is not required prior to the pre-leukapheresis visit, but is required before the subject can proceed to leukapheresis
  • PRE-LEUKAPHERESIS EVALUATION
  • Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL (100 g/L)
  • White blood cell count 3.6-11.0 x 10^3/mm^3 (3.6-11.0 x 10^9/L)
  • Absolute granulocyte count >= 1.5 x 10^3/mm^3 (1.5 x 10^9/L)
  • Absolute lymphocyte count >= 1.0 x 10^3/mm^3 (1.0 x 10^9/L)
  • Platelet count >= 100 x 10^3/mm^3 (100 x 10^9/L)
  • Eligibility is maintained if these laboratory results are outside of the central laboratory's normal reference ranges or the sample ranges provided above but are not deemed clinically significant by the treating investigator
  • Eligibility level of hemoglobin can be reached by transfusion; these values are determined by a central laboratory
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) =< 4.0 times upper limits of normal (ULN)
  • Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) =< 4.0 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 4.0 times upper limits of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL (25.7 umol/L)
  • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) =< 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times ULN
  • Subjects must have a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) rating >= 70 at the pre-leukapheresis visit
  • PRIOR TO DAY 0
  • Subjects may have received steroid therapy as part of their primary treatment; steroid treatment should be stopped or, if continued steroid use is clinically indicated, be tapered down to no more than 2 mg dexamethasone per day (or equivalent) at least 7 days prior to the first immunization
  • White blood cell count >= 2.0 x 10^3/mm^3 (2.0 x 10^9/L)
  • Neutrophils >= 1.5 x 10^3/mm^3 (1.5 x 10^9/L)
  • Platelets >= 100 x 10^3/mm^3 (100 x 10^9/L)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (90 g/L)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) =< 3 x ULN
  • SGPT (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 x ULN
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN

    • Except subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, who must have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL
  • Subjects must have a KPS rating a >= 60 at the pre-enrollment evaluation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • PRE-SCREENING
  • Progression on imaging based on RANO criteria within 12 weeks of conclusion of radiotherapy
  • History of other prior malignancy except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or in situ cervical cancer or other cancers that were deemed fully resolved 5 or more years prior to surgery
  • History of active, known, or suspected autoimmune or immunodeficiency disease
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 or -2 or human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-1 or -2 positivity
  • Active uncontrolled infection, such as a sexually transmitted disease (STD), herpes, uncontrolled tuberculosis, malaria, etc
  • Known intolerance to cyclophosphamide or other alkylating agents, or any component of any study drug
  • History of active immunotherapy, including dendritic cell therapy, T cell therapy, immunization with tumor antigens in any form, any anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or immune checkpoint pathways or checkpoint inhibitor therapy such as ipilimumab
  • History of severe infusion-related reaction to any biologics therapy
  • Females who are gravid or breast-feeding
  • Inability to obtain informed consent because of psychiatric or complicating medical problems
  • Any known genetic cancer-susceptibility syndromes
  • Any positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicative of acute or chronic infection
  • AT OR AROUND SURGERY
  • Bilateral or metastatic glioblastoma detected at diagnosis, during surgery, or at post-surgical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); tumors may cross into, but not beyond, the corpus callosum
  • Postoperative MRI evidence of biopsy only, without significant tumor resection, confirmed by central reviewer
  • Implantation of Gliadel wafers (polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant) at surgery
  • PRE-LEUKAPHERESIS VISIT
  • Positive HIV-1, -2, or HTLV-1, -2 tests
  • Recipient of organ allografts
  • Allergies to reagents used in this study
  • Unable to stop or taper steroid treatment to no more than 2 mg of dexamethasone per day (or equivalent) prior to leukapheresis; steroid use should be stopped or tapered down to the lowest clinically acceptable dose approximately 7 days prior to leukapheresis; the leukapheresis visit must be scheduled to occur a minimum of 21 days before the projected day 0

    • It is critical to reduce steroid administration to the lowest possible dose, as steroids interfere with DCVax-L manufacturing by hampering the ability of monocytes to adhere to plastic surfaces during purification; leukapheresis should occur at least 21 days prior to the projected date of DCVax-L administration
  • Inability or unwillingness to return for required visits and follow-up exams
  • EXCLUSION PRIOR TO DAY 0
  • Fewer than 6 doses of DCVax-L available for administration
  • Continued requirement for medications that might affect immune function; the following are exceptions: nonprescription strength doses of NSAIDS, acetaminophen (paracetamol), or acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
  • Acute infection: any active viral, bacterial, or fungal infection that requires specific therapy; antibiotic therapy must be completed at least 7 days prior to the first DCVax-L/nivolumab administration
  • Fever >= 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit (F) (38.6 degrees Celsius [C]); if considered possibly transient, retesting is allowed
  • Unstable or severe intercurrent medical conditions
  • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) who are pregnant or lactating or who are not using adequate contraception and willing to do so to avoid pregnancy for 5 months after the week 20 visit
  • Males who are sexually active with WOCBP and not willing to use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year for 7 months after the week 20 visit
  • Any dose of steroids exceeding 10 mg/day of prednisone (or equivalent) within 2 weeks prior to study drug administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03014804


Locations
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United States, California
UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Northwest Biotherapeutics
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Timothy Cloughesy UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03014804    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-001706
NCI-2016-01587 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
16-001706 ( Other Identifier: UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA016042 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 9, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Gliosarcoma
Oligodendroglioma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nivolumab
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents