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Evaluating the Efficacy of Atezolizumab in Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03014648
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2018
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Liza Villaruz, MD, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:

This is a phase II clinical trial aimed at evaluating the efficacy of PD-L1 inhibition with atezolizumab in advanced squamous and non-squamous NSCLC patients previously treated with anti-PD-1 therapy with either nivolumab or pembrolizumab.

In order to account for the variability of response kinetics to PD-1 directed therapy, patients will be enrolled in 3 parallel cohorts based on the best overall response to PD-1 directed therapy.

  • Cohort 1 (progressive disease)
  • Cohort 2 (stable disease with minimum 12 weeks of therapy)
  • Cohort 3 (partial to complete response followed by progressive disease)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Atezolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Atezolizumab will be given on day 1 of a 21-day cycle at 1200 mg IV. Radiographic assessments for disease response will occur every 6 weeks while on treatment. Confirmatory scans should be obtained ≥ 4 weeks following initial documentation of objective response or progressive disease on atezolizumab therapy.

Atezolizumab will be given as long as the patient continues to experience clinical benefit in the opinion of the investigator or until unacceptable toxicity, symptomatic deterioration attributed to disease progression.

Patients will be followed for 12 months or until death as per standard of care after discontinuation of Atezolizumab or until death, whichever occurs first.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 111 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Atezolizumab in Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) in Patients Previously Treated With PD-1-directed Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : July 18, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Atezolizumab

Atezolizumab will be given on day 1 of a 21-day cycle at 1200 mg IV over 60 (plus or minus 15) minutes for first infusion; can be decreased to 30 (plus or minus 10) minutes for subsequent cycles.

Atezolizumab will be given as long as the patient continues to experience clinical benefit in the opinion of the investigator or until unacceptable toxicity, symptomatic deterioration attributed to disease progression.

There will be no dose reduction for Atezolizumab. Patients may temporarily suspend study treatment for up to 84 days beyond the scheduled date of delayed infusion if study drug-related toxicity requiring dose suspension is experienced. If Atezolizumab is held because of adverse events for greater than 84 days beyond the scheduled date of infusion, the patient will be discontinued from Atezolizumab and will be followed for safety and efficacy.

Drug: Atezolizumab
Atezolizumab will be administered through an IV over 60 minutes at a dose of 1200mg on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. If the first dose is tolerated without any infusion-related adverse events, the following doses can be administered over 30 minutes.
Other Name: Tecentriq

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best overall response of Atezolizumab [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
    in patients previously treated with PD-1 directed therapy, in each of three parallel cohorts defined by best overall response to PD-1 directed therapy.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of response of Atezolizumab [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
  4. Safety of atezolizumab determined by ≥ grade 3 treatment related adverse events [ Time Frame: 6 years ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Assessment of the associations between PD-L1 expression and best overall response by RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
    PD-L1 expression will be measured in tissue from a biopsy conducted after discontinuation of the prior therapy and before initiation of study drug.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with Stage IIIB/IV squamous or non-squamous NSCLC (American Joint Committee on Cancer 7th Edition Staging) who have had prior treatment with nivolumab or pembrolizumab will be enrolled in one of 3 parallel cohorts based on the following:

    • Cohort 1: Patient with progressive disease on nivolumab or pembrolizumab as the best overall response. Progressive disease must be confirmed with a confirmatory scan ≤ 4 weeks after the 1st documented date of progression.
    • Cohort 2: Patients with stable disease as the best overall response on a minimum of 12 weeks of therapy with nivolumab or pembrolizumab.
    • Cohort 3: Patients with partial or complete response as the best overall response followed by progressive disease, on nivolumab or pembrolizumab. A confirmatory scan at the time of disease progression must be performed ≤ 4 weeks after the 1st documented date of progression.
  • Both men and women of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial
  • Patients must have resolution of toxic effects to Grade 1 or less from prior therapy (except alopecia).
  • Patients must sign Informed Consent Form and show ability and willingness to comply with the requirements of the study protocol.
  • 18 years of age or older
  • Willingness to undergo a biopsy ≤ 6 weeks of the start of study treatment to obtain formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor specimens in paraffin blocks (blocks are preferred) or at least 15 unstained slides, with an associated pathology report, for central testing of tumor PD-L1 expression.
  • Adequate hematologic and end organ function, defined by the following laboratory results obtained within 14 days prior to the first study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1):

    • ANC equal to/greater than 1500 cells/µL
    • WBC counts greater than 2500/µL
    • Lymphocyte count equal to/greater than 300µ/L
    • Platelet count equal to/greater than 100,000/µL
    • Hemoglobin equal to/greater than 9.0 g/dL
    • Total bilirubin equal to/less than 1.5 x ULN with the following exception:

      • Patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level equal to/less than 3 x ULN may be enrolled.
    • AST and ALT equal to/less than 3.0 x ULN with the following exception:

      • Patients with liver involvement: AST and/or ALT equal to/less than 5 x ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase equal to/less than 2.5 x ULN with the following exception:

      • Patients with documented liver involvement or bone metastases: alkaline phosphatase equal to/less than 5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine equal to/less than 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance equal to/greater than 50 mL/min on the basis of the Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation.
  • Measurable disease per RECIST v1.1 for patients with solid malignancies.
  • For female patients of childbearing potential and male patients with partners of childbearing potential, agreement (by patient and/or partner) to use highly effective form(s) of contraception (i.e., one that results in a low failure rate [less than 1% per year] when used consistently and correctly) and to continue its use for 5 months after the last dose of Atezolizumab.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 0 or 1. Patients with an ECOG Performance Status of 2 will be allowed at the discretion of the Treating Investigator in agreement with the Sponsor-Investigator.
  • INR and aPTT equal to/less than 1.5 x ULN. This applies only to patients who do not receive therapeutic anticoagulation; patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation (such as low-molecular-weight heparin or warfarin) should be on a stable dose.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any approved anticancer therapy, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiotherapy, within 3 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment; however, the following are allowed:

    • Hormone-replacement therapy or oral contraceptives.
    • Herbal therapy greater than 1 week prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 (herbal therapy intended as anticancer therapy must be discontinued at least 1 week prior to Cycle 1, Day 1).
    • Palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases greater than 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
  • Adverse events from prior anticancer therapy that have not resolved to Grade equal to/less than1 except for alopecia.
  • History of grade 4 immune-related adverse events requiring treatment with prednisone or history of grade 3 immune-related adverse events requiring prednisone >10 mg/kg for >12 weeks.
  • Bisphosphonate therapy for symptomatic hypercalcemia (use of bisphosphonate therapy for other reasons (e.g., bone metastasis or osteoporosis) is allowed).
  • Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease.
  • Patients with acute leukemias, accelerated/blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Burkitt lymphoma, plasma cell leukemia, or non-secretory myeloma.
  • Known primary central nervous system (CNS) malignancy or symptomatic CNS metastases. Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS disease may be enrolled, provided all of the following criteria are met:

    • Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS.
    • No metastases to brain stem, midbrain, pons, medulla, cerebellum, or within 10 mm of the optic apparatus (optic nerves and chiasm).
    • No history of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage.
    • No ongoing requirement for dexamethasone for CNS disease; patients on a stable dose of anticonvulsants are permitted.
    • No neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
  • Patients with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all the criteria listed above are met as well as the following:

    • Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of CNS directed therapy and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of CNS-directed therapy and the screening radiographic study.
    • No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
    • Screening CNS radiographic study equal to/greater than 4 weeks from completion of radiotherapy and equal to/greater than 2 weeks from discontinuation of corticosteroids.
  • Patients who are pregnant, are lactation, or breastfeeding.
  • Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies.
  • Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures.
  • History or risk of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis.

    • Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible.
    • Patients with controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may be eligible.
    • Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:
    • Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out ocular manifestations.
    • Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA).
    • Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, fluocinolone 0.01%, desonide 0.05%, alclometasone dipropionate 0.05%).
    • No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation [PUVA], methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or oral steroids).
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan. History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted.
  • Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications.
  • History of HIV infection or active hepatitis B (chronic or acute) or hepatitis C infection.

    • Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen] antibody test) are eligible.
    • Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV RNA.
  • Active tuberculosis.
  • Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia.
  • Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
  • Received oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1. Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are eligible.
  • Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study.
  • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before enrollment or anticipation that such a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study or for 5 months after the last dose of Atezolizumab. Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October to March). Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMist) within 4 weeks prior to enrollment, at any time during the study, or for 5 months after the last dose of Atezolizumab.
  • Malignancies other than the disease under study within 5 years prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and with expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer treated surgically with curative intent, or ductal carcinoma in situ treated surgically with curative intent) or undergoing active surveillance per standard-of-care management (e.g., chronic lymphocytic leukemia Rai Stage 0, prostate cancer with Gleason score equal to/less than 6, and prostate-specific antigen equal to/less than10 mg/mL, etc.).
  • Treatment with investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 (or within five half lives of the investigational product, whichever is longer).
  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [anti-TNF] agents) within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.

    • Patients who have received acute, low dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled.
    • The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed.
  • History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins.
  • Patients with prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ transplantation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03014648

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Contact: Liza Villaruz, MD 412-648-6577
Contact: Carrie Muniz, RN 412-623-6121

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United States, Pennsylvania
UPMC Hillman Cancer Center Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Contact: Liza Villaruz, MD    412-648-6577   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Liza Villaruz, MD
Genentech, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Liza Villaruz, MD University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Liza Villaruz, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT03014648     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-153
First Posted: January 9, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs