Using NIATx Strategies to Implement Integrated Services in Routine Care
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03007940|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 8, 2021
This is an implementation research study designed to evaluate a defined strategy, NIATx, for its effectiveness in installing and sustaining evidence-based integrated services for persons with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders. This study is a cluster randomized wait-list control group design, in which a cohort of 25 addiction treatment agencies receives the active NIATx approach during an index 12 month period. The second (wait-list) cohort of 25 addiction treatment agencies activates NIATx strategies during a second index 12 month period. The primary "subjects" of the research are the treatment agencies themselves. The study specific aims are:
- Relative to wait-list, to determine if NIATx strategies improve implementation outcomes (integrated service fidelity and receipt of more integrated services)
- Relative to wait-list, to determine if NIATx strategies improve patient care outcomes (psychiatric, alcohol and drug problem severity)
- Across entire sample, to evaluate variation in the extent of and fidelity to NIATx strategies
NIATx implementation strategies consist of learning sessions, individualized coaching and peer to peer sharing.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Addiction Mental Health Disorder||Other: Coach Site Visit Other: Walk-through Other: Learning Sessions Other: Coaching Other: Business as Usual||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||53 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||Using NIATx Strategies to Implement Integrated Services in Routine Care|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 30, 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 30, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 30, 2022|
Experimental: NIATx Strategy
The implementation "intervention", NIATx, will be deployed by the first cohort of programs in a 1-year active implementation phase. Each program is assigned an expert quality improvement coach. The coach will help the staff identify ways to improve and integrate services for individuals with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders. Supports include an in-person coach site visit, coaching including monthly coaching calls and peer to peer coaching calls and learning sessions which promote peer-to-peer sharing about specific goals and objectives and to receive guidance on how to implement organizational level changes to improve integrated treatment services. A walk-through will allow the provider to understand the co-occurring treatment process from a customer perspective.
Other: Coach Site Visit
The coach will conduct a one-day on site visit and will review the walk-through and DDCAT assessment results, and help the change team design an initial change project with Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles. The site visit will use a standardized agenda to ensure NIATx fidelity.
Walk-Through: Provider change teams will participate in a coach-led webinar that introduces how to conduct a NIATx walk-through from the co-occurring patient perspective and how to write up results using a standard report format. The walk-through will be conducted within two months of the initial coach site visit.
Other: Learning Sessions
The study includes two one-day coach-led learning sessions. The learning sessions promote peer-to-peer sharing about specific goals and objectives. The agenda is tailored to specific treatment service integration issues. The first coach-led learning session teaches providers how to use NIATx process improvement strategies. Providers share walk-through results and initial change projects. Skill development activities include how to: identify change opportunities, use specific tools (e.g., flowcharting), develop PDSA cycles, effectively use data and learning successful change strategies. At the final session, providers present results, sustainment plans, and identify ways for the group to continue to interact.
A NIATx coach leads the active 12 month implementation phase. The coach works with executive directors, change leaders and teams. After the site visit, a coach will hold individual monthly coaching calls (10 hours in total), and participate in group coaching calls (2 hours in total). In the individual calls, the coach and change team review change projects; discuss successes; and identify ideas for future change projects. Group coaching calls involve change leaders from multiple providers. On these calls, change leaders will discuss common change-related issues, progress, and exchange innovative implementation strategies with their peers. These calls provide opportunities for the coach to share new strategies and discuss implementation issues such as the development of a sustain plan.
Placebo Comparator: Wait List Control
The wait-list control group will receive the NIATx strategy at the end of the twelve month implementation period for the initial cohort. During the first year of the study, they will follow a business as usual approach to the integration of co-occurring substance use and mental health services.
Other: Business as Usual
Programs in this intervention will continue with their own plans without coaching support to integrate services for individuals with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders. Once the programs in the wait-list control group receive the NIATx Strategy, they will participate in all of the interventions listed above.
- Change in Dual Diagnosis Capability in Addiction Treatment (DDCAT index) scores [ Time Frame: Collected at baseline, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months ]DDCAT is a 35-item observational benchmark measure of program level dual diagnosis capability, evaluating policy, clinical practice and workforce dimensions of integrated services for persons with co-occurring disorders.
- Change in Penetration Rates: Gain Short Screen [ Time Frame: Collected at baseline, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months ]Examine changes in the proportion of program patients screened using the Gain Short Screener. Data for each time point will be collected 90 days before and 90 days after the DDCAT Assessment..
- Change in Penetration Rates: Patients receiving integrated medication and psychosocial services [ Time Frame: Collected at baseline, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months ]Assessing increased penetration of integrated services based on changes in the proportion of program patients screened, diagnosed and receiving integrated medication and psychosocial services. Data for each time point will be collected 90 days before and 90 days after the DDCAT Assessment.
- Change in the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) [ Time Frame: Collected at baseline, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months ]Changes in ASI scores for the Psychiatric, Drug and Alcohol composite scores assessed at admission and 30-days post follow-up. Data for each time point will be collected 90 days before and 90 days after the DDCAT Assessment.
- Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research Index [ Time Frame: Collected at baseline, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months ]Assess change in Outer Setting, Inner Setting, Characteristics of the Intervention and the Individual Scores as rated by DDCAT Assessor
- NIATx Stages of Implementation Completion [ Time Frame: Collected during 12 month intervention period ]Assess provider stages of completion related to NIATx intervention based on proportion of activities completed and duration of activities.
- NIATx Fidelity [ Time Frame: Collected during 12 month intervention period ]Assess fidelity to the NIATx implementation strategies