Influence of the SPInal MANipulation on Muscle Spasticity and Manual Dexterity in Cerebral Palsy. (SpiManCP)
The aim of the study is to evaluate a short term influence of the Spinal Manipulation (SM) on the wrist muscles spasticity and manual dexterity in children with spastic Cerebral Palsy.
Effect of SM and imitation of the SM has to be compared in the double-blinded randomized clinical trial.
|Cerebral Palsy, Spastic||Procedure: Spinal manipulation Procedure: Imitation of the spinal manipulation|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Influence of the Spinal Manipulation on Muscle Spasticity and Manual Dexterity in Children With Cerebral Palsy, Randomized Control Trial.|
- Change of muscle spasticity after the intervention [ Time Frame: Baseline assesment and 15 min after intervention ]Quantitative, instrumental spasticity measurement is preformed using the Neuroflexor device. It is measuring resistance to passive movements of the wrist performed with different speed and calculates components of muscle tone, separating spasticity as reflex phenomenon from resistance due to secondary changes of the muscles and tendons.
- Change of manual dexterity after the intervention [ Time Frame: Baseline assesment and 15 min after intervention ]Manual dexterity is evaluated using Box and Blocks test. The score is the number of blocks carried by hand from one compartment to the other in one minute.
|Study Start Date:||September 2016|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Spinal manipulation
Procedure: Spinal manipulation
Spinal manipulation (SM) is a therapeutic intervention performed on spinal articulations in which force is applied to the spine. The selected joint is moved to its end range of motion, followed by application of an rapid impulse or thrust to achieve a gapping of the target joint.
SM is performed by an orthopedic medical doctor certified in Manual Therapy. After manual evaluation, high-velocity low-amplitude SM is carried out in all regions of the spine, including thoracic adjustments in the prone position, lumbar manipulation in lateral recumbent position, and cervical manipulation in sitting position.
Other Name: Biomechanical correction of the spine
Sham Comparator: Imitation of the spinal manipulation
Imitation of the spinal manipulation
Procedure: Imitation of the spinal manipulation
Imitation of the SM physically and visually resembles the act of SM. It comprises placing the patient in the same positions and performing the same movements as during SM but without applying the force in the end range of motion.
Other Name: Sham manipulation
Muscle spasticity is an important clinical syndrome of Cerebral Palsy (CP) resulting from upper motor neuron lesion, and its reduction is a significant therapeutic target for optimizing motor performance.
Investigator's recent study describes decrease in spasticity after SM in a group of children with CP. But that case series has no control group and the sample size was small so it does not prove the influence of the SM on the muscle spasticity.
The purpose of the present study is to evaluate influence of the SM on muscle spasticity and on manual dexterity of the child with CP in a double-blind randomized clinical trial with two arms: SM (experimental group) and imitation of SM (control group).
Children admitted to the International Clinic of Rehabilitation are selected according to inclusion-exclusion criteria and invited to participate. After getting the permission the baseline assessment is performed.
Patients are allocated to the experimental or control group using stratified randomization. Medical doctor certified in Manual Therapy performs the intervention (SM in the experimental group and imitation in the control group) and in 15 minutes the second assessment is performed. Investigators, children and parents are blinded to group allocation.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03005938
|Contact: Oleh O Kachmar, MD, PhDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Anna D Kushnir, MDemail@example.com|
|International Clinic of Rehabilitation||Recruiting|
|Truskavets, Lviv region, Ukraine, 82200|
|Contact: Anna D Kushnir, MD +380635922667 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Oleh O Kachmar, MD, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Anna D Kushnir, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Nazar Kalynovuch, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Oleh Kachmar, MD, PhD||International Clinic of Rehabilitation, Ukraine|