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Trial of Rad-223 Activity in Asymptomatic Patients With mCRPC While on Abiraterone or Enzalutamide Besides AR-V7 Status

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03002220
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 23, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 16, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bayer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
MedSIR

Brief Summary:

Radium-223 is indicated for the treatment of patients with mCRPC with symptomatic bone metastases and no known visceral metastatic disease. However, very few data have been reported in patients with mCRPC who are asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic. Recently, results from an International Expanded Access Program have also suggested a benefit of radium-223 in asymptomatic patients with mCRPC. In addition, the mechanism of action of radium-223 should not be correlated with the presence/absence of the AR-V7 mutation, although this issue has not yet been evaluated.

The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of radium-223 in asymptomatic patients with mCRPC, and to establish the association between AR-V7 status and radium-223 activity.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: radium-223 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary objective:

To assess the efficacy of radium-223 in asymptomatic patients with mCRPC who have progressed while on abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide treatment.

Primary endpoint:

To determine the efficacy of radium-223 in terms of radiological rPFS.

Secondary objectives:

  • Safety profile.
  • To determine the association between AR-V7 status (positive vs. negative) and PFS.
  • To establish the relationship between CTCs number with radium-223 efficacy.

Secondary endpoints:

Safety AEs will be evaluated using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) of the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) version 4.0 [20]. Grade 3 or 4 AEs and serious adverse events (SAEs) will be assessed to determine the safety and tolerability of the various combinations of drugs.

Efficacy

  • Radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) depending on AR-V7 status.
  • Overall survival (OS).
  • Time to first symptomatic skeletal event (SSE).
  • Time to PSA progression according to the ALSYMPCA study criteria.
  • Determination percentage of PSA progression.
  • Alkaline phosphatase level response (AF), normalization of alkaline phosphatase level, according to the ALSYMPCA study criteria.

Molecular aspects

  • Assessment of AR-V7 mutation evolution during the study treatment.
  • Determination changes in CTCs number during the study treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 52 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial of Radium-223 Activity in Patients With Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) With Asymptomatic Progression While on Abiraterone Acetate or Enzalutamide Besides AR-V7 Mutational Status
Study Start Date : November 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 6, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: open-label
Patient will be treated with radium-223 at a dose of 55 kBq (after 2015 NIST implementation) per kilogram body weight, given at four-week intervals for six intravenous injections.
Drug: radium-223
Radium-223 at a dose of 55 kBq
Other Name: Xofigo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess the efficacy of radium-223 in terms of radiological rPFS [ Time Frame: From date of first drug administration until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 20 months ]
    The primary efficacy endpoint is the median PFS achieved with radium-223 treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. AEs and serious adverse events (SAEs) will be assessed to determine the safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: Starting from the first procedure required by the study up to three months after study discontinuation. ]
  2. Radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) depending on AR-V7 status. [ Time Frame: From date of inclusion until Radiographic progression, assessed up to 20 months ]
  3. Overall survival (OS). [ Time Frame: From date of inclusion until death from any cause or the last date the patient was known to be alive, assessed up to 20 months. ]
  4. Time to first symptomatic skeletal event (SSE). [ Time Frame: From date of first drug administration until SSE, assessed up to 20 months ]
    Time to first SSE defined as the time from treatment initiation until SSE (pathological fractures, vertebral or non-vertebral, spinal cord compression, radiation or surgery to bone). For all other events, the start date of the event/medication/therapy was used as the time of the event. If an event has not occurred at the time of the analysis or the patient has been lost to follow-up, the time-to-event variables will be censored at the last disease assessment date.

  5. Time to PSA progression according to the ALSYMPCA study criteria. [ Time Frame: From date of first study drug administration to when PSA progression is observed, assessed up to 20 months ]
  6. Determination percentage of PSA progression [ Time Frame: From date of first study drug administration to when PSA progression is observed, assessed up to 20 months ]
    PSA progression (defined as PSA elevation ≥ 25% and ≥ 2 ng/mL after 12 weeks).

  7. Alkaline phosphatase level response (AF), normalization of alkaline phosphatase level [ Time Frame: From date of first study drug administration until End of Treatment, assessed up to 6 months ]
    Progression defined as FA elevation ≥ 25% after 12 weeks

  8. Assessment of AR-V7 mutation evolution [ Time Frame: From date of first study drug administration until End of Treatment, assessed up to 6 months ]
  9. Determination changes in CTCs number [ Time Frame: From date of first study drug administration until End of Treatment, assessed up to 6 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is an adult ≥ 18 years at the time of informed consent and has signed informed consent before any trial related activities and according to local guidelines.
  • Subject has histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features.
  • Subject has bone metastases due to the prostate cancer and absence of visceral metastases.
  • Subject has a serum testosterone of ≤ 1.7 nmol/L (or ≤ 50 ng/dL) at screening.
  • Subject must have received a minimum of 24 weeks of treatment with abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide within its approved label indication and has discontinued use at least four weeks prior to start of study drug at day 1.
  • Prior use of docetaxel is allowed in castration-naïve patients (maximum of six cycles).
  • Subject receives and will continue to receive ongoing androgen deprivation with LHRH analogue therapy throughout the course of the study or has had a bilateral orchiectomy.
  • Subject is asymptomatic from prostate cancer, defined as patients with the score on brief pain inventory (short form) (BPI-SF) Question #3 must zero and no use of opiate analgesics for prostate cancer-related pain currently or anytime within two weeks prior to screening.
  • Subject has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1 at screening.
  • Subject receiving bisphosphonate or other approved bone-targeting therapy must have been on stable doses for at least four weeks prior to start of study drug at day 1.
  • Subject has a life expectancy of more than or equal to 12 months.
  • Subject agrees not to participate in another interventional study while on study drug.
  • Subject and his female partner who is of childbearing potential must use two acceptable methods of birth control (one of which must include a condom as a barrier method of contraception) starting at screening and continuing throughout the study period and for six months after final study drug administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has received any anti-neoplastic therapy (including ketokonazol and chemotherapy) following abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide discontinuation and prior to start of study drug at day 1.
  • Subject has known or suspected brain metastases or active leptomeningeal disease.
  • Subject has concurrent disease or any clinically significant abnormality following the investigator's review of the physical examination and safety laboratory tests at screening, which in the judgment of the investigator would interfere with the subject's participation in this study or evaluation of study results.
  • Subject has a history of another invasive cancer within three years prior to screening, with the exceptions of non-melanoma skin cancers or a non-infiltrating muscle bladder cancer that have a remote probability of recurrence in the opinion of the investigator in consultation with the medical monitor.
  • Subject had major surgery within one month prior to screening.
  • Subject has received investigational therapy within 28 days or 5 half lives, whichever is longer, prior to start of study drug at day 1.
  • Subject has absolute neutrophil count < 1,500/μL, platelet count < 100,000/μL, and hemoglobin < 6.25 mmol/L (or < 10 g/dL) at screening (Note: Subjects must not have received any growth factors or blood transfusions within seven days of the hematologic laboratory values obtained at screening).
  • Subject has total bilirubin > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) at screening, except for subjects with documented Gilbert's syndrome.
  • Subject has creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL at screening.
  • Subject has albumin ≤ 30 g/L (or ≤ 3.0 g/dL) at screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03002220


Locations
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Spain
MedSIR Investigative site
Barcelona, Spain
MedSIR Investigative site
Cáceres, Spain
MedSIR Investigative site
Córdoba, Spain
MedSIR Investigative site
Lugo, Spain
MedSIR Investigative site
Madrid, Spain
MedSIR investigative site
Palma De Mallorca, Spain, 07120
Sponsors and Collaborators
MedSIR
Bayer
Investigators
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Study Director: Joan Carles Galcerán H. Vall Hebrón
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Responsible Party: MedSIR
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03002220    
Other Study ID Numbers: MedOPP098
First Posted: December 23, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 16, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases