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Computational Simulation of Patellar Instability

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02998372
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Not reaching targeted enrollment)
First Posted : December 20, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 28, 2019
Akron Children's Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Elias, PhD, Akron General Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Computational simulation will be performed to represent motion of knees with a dislocating kneecap. Common surgical treatment methods will be simulated and anatomical parameters commonly associated with the dislocation will be varied in order to characterize the most appropriate surgical approach as a function of knee anatomy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Patellar Instability Procedure: patellar stabilization

Detailed Description:
The two most common stabilization procedures for patients with recurrent patellar instability are reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) and medialization of the tibial tuberosity. MPFL reconstruction has been growing in popularity, due in large part to the technical demands of tibial tuberosity realignment and concerns related to bone healing across the osteotomy. In cases of severe trochlear dysplasia and/or a dramatically lateralized tibial tuberosity, an MPFL graft tensioned according to current standards may not provide sufficient resistance to limit lateral patellar tracking that causes continued instability. Increasing graft tension could overload medial patellofemoral cartilage. The proposed study is based on the hypothesis that the ability of MPFL reconstruction to effectively limit lateral patellar maltracking decreases as trochlear dysplasia and the lateral position of the tibial tuberosity increase. Computational dynamic simulation of knee function will be performed to establish anatomical standards for which tibial tuberosity medicalization is more likely than MPFL reconstruction to limit patellar maltracking without overloading patellofemoral cartilage. The first specific aim is to computationally replicate lateral patellar maltracking and pressure applied to cartilage during function for patients being treated for patellar instability. Multibody dynamics knee models representing patients being treated for recurrent patellar instability will be based on 3D reconstructions from MRI scans. The modeling technique treats the bones and cartilage surfaces as rigid bodies with Hertzian contact determining contact forces and guiding joint motion. Discrete element analysis techniques will be used to characterize contact pressure patterns based on overlap of cartilage surfaces. Models will be individually validated by comparing output to in vivo data. The source of the in vivo data will be computational reconstruction of in vivo function based on motions performed by the patients who provide the imaging data for model development. The second specific aim will be to computationally characterize the influence of surgical stabilization on knee function for individual patients. MPFL reconstruction and tibial tuberosity medialization, each with variations in surgical parameters, will be simulated. The actual surgical procedures performed on the patients will be simulated, with the influence on lateral tracking compared to in vivo results to validate the representation of the surgical procedures. The third specific aim will be to compare surgical options as a function of patellofemoral anatomy. Variations in patellar tracking and pressure applied to cartilage will be compared between MPFL reconstruction and tuberosity medialization. In addition, techniques to parametrically alter trochlear dysplasia and tuberosity lateralization within the models will be developed. Simulations will be performed while varying anatomy to set ranges over which each surgical option can limit patellar maltracking without elevating contact pressures. The modeling system will be available for future studies addressing additional surgical options and anatomical parameters related to patellar instability.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Computational Simulation of Dynamic Motion for Knees With Patellar Instability to Compare MPFL Reconstruction to Tibial Tuberosity Medialization as a Function of Knee Anatomy
Actual Study Start Date : May 30, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anatomy

Intervention Details:
  • Procedure: patellar stabilization
    surgery to either alter soft tissues around the patella or reorient the patellar tendon to restore patellar stability

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Graphical representation of changes in knee motion due to surgery [ Time Frame: 16 months ]
    Computational models will be developed from MRI scans to show pre-operative and post-operative motion patterns for knees with instability

  2. Computational simulation of changes in knee motion due to surgery [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The models used to display motion will be converted to dynamic simulation models to predict the influence of multiple surgical approaches on knee motion

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Influence of anatomy on surgical effectiveness [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The simulation models will be used to relate the effectiveness of each procedure to the anatomy of the knees

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 89 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Anyone with a diagnosis of recurrent patellar dislocation to be surgically treated at Akron Children's Hospital

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of recurrent patellar dislocation
  • Plan to be surgically treated at Akron Children's Hospital

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Additional Injuries unrelated to patellar instability for the knee of interest
  • Implantation of metallic hardware that could cause artifacts within MRI scans
  • Inability to remain still during MRI scans

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02998372

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United States, Ohio
Akron Children's Hospital
Akron, Ohio, United States, 44308-1046
Sponsors and Collaborators
Akron General Medical Center
Akron Children's Hospital
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Principal Investigator: John Elias, PhD Akron General Medical Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by John Elias, PhD, Akron General Medical Center:

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Responsible Party: John Elias, PhD, Senior Research Scientist, Akron General Medical Center Identifier: NCT02998372    
Other Study ID Numbers: 110908
First Posted: December 20, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 28, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No