Comparative Effectiveness of Cardiovascular Outcomes in New Users of SGLT-2 Inhibitors (CVD-REAL)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02993614|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2021
|Condition or disease|
|Diabetes Mellitus Type 2|
Type 2 diabetes mellitus remains a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease with an estimated 425 million adults worldwide having diabetes in 2017, with type 2 diabetes mellitus accounting for about 90% of the cases. Recent evidence indicates that certain glucose-lowering therapies are associated with reduction in cardiovascular outcomes. There is, therefore, an urgent need to improve the understanding of the impact of newer classes of glucose-lowering therapies, such as dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors on cardiovascular outcomes in clinical practice.
CVD-REAL is a comparative effectiveness study that aims to compare new users of SGLT-2 inhibitors with new users of other glucose-lowering drugs with regard to the risk of all-cause mortality and clinically relevant CV outcomes (including stroke, myocardial infarction, and hospitalization for heart failure) respectively. The study is based on data from 12 countries across four major world regions.
The study is conducted using data from claims, medical records and national health registries from twelve countries combined in two waves. CVD-REAL 1 includes Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom (UK) and United States of America (USA). CVD-REAL 2 comprises Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, Singapore and South Korea. The study will collect data from approximately 4 million patients from the time they start treatment with a SGLT-2 inhibitor or another glucose-lowering drug (index date) to the end of the follow-up period.
The Study Population will consist of new users of SGLT-2i and other glucose lowering drugs respectively. These will be compared with all-cause mortality, hospitalization for heart failure, myocardial infarction and stroke during the follow-up period. In addition certain other cardiovascular and renal outcomes will be assessed descriptively in the two groups respectively.
The study period will range from launch of the first SGLT-2i in each of the countries and end at latest available data in each data source.
All-cause mortality and the incidence of cardiovascular events will be compared between new users of SGLT-2 inhibitors and the comparator arm using a hazard ratio (relative risk) and corresponding 95% confidence interval. The analysis will be performed using the Cox proportional hazards model or some other appropriate method.
Matching by propensity scores will be used to balance the potential confounding covariates between the SGLT-2i group and the reference group to ensure that the two groups are as similar as possible at baseline.To achieve sufficient power, a meta-analysis will be applied to integrate the point estimates from each of the individual database analyses and calculate an overall weighted estimate and corresponding 95% CI.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||99999 participants|
|Official Title:||Characteristics and Cardiovascular and Mortality Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Initiating Treatment With Sodium-glucose Co-transporter-2 Inhibitors (SGLT-2i) and Other Glucose Lowering Drugs|
|Actual Study Start Date :||November 30, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 17, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 17, 2020|
- CVD REAL1 Incidence of hospitalization for heart failure. / CVD REAL 2 All-cause mortality [ Time Frame: From index date up to latest available data of first prescription of an SGLT-2i or a new oGLD in each of the countries ranging from Sep 11 (UK) until Apr 15 (IL) until the last date of data collection or outcome ranging from Sep 15 (US) to Nov 17 (SG) ]Heart failure events obtained from general practice or hospital records, electronic health records or national health registers; All-cause mortality obtained from linkeage to death national registers
- CVD REAL1 All-cause mortality; CVD REAL 2: Hospitalization for heart failure (HHF), stroke, myocardial infarction (MI) and including composite endpoints [ Time Frame: From index date up to latest available data of first prescription of an SGLT-2i or a new oGLD in each of the countries ranging from Sep 11 (UK) until Apr 15 (IL) until the last date of data collection or outcome ranging from Sep 15 (US) to Nov 17 (SG) ]Events obtained from general practice or hospital records, electronic health records and national health registers. All cause mortality obtained from linkeage to death national registers
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02993614
|United States, Delaware|
|Wilmington, Delaware, United States, 19850|
|Melbourne, D1690r00015, Australia|
|Mississauga, D1690r00015, Canada|
|Gentofte, D1690r00015, Denmark|
|Espoo, D1690r00015, Finland|
|Ulm, D1690r00015, Germany|
|Raanana, D1690r00015, Israel|
|Rome, D1690r00015, Italy|
|Tokyo, D1690r00015, Japan|
|Korea, Republic of|
|Seoul, D1690r00015, Korea, Republic of|
|Oslo, D1690r00015, Norway|
|Porto, D1690r00015, Portugal|
|Singapore, D1690r00015, Singapore|
|Madrid, D1690r00015, Spain|
|Sodertalje, D1690r00015, Sweden|
|Taipei, D1690r00015, Taiwan|
|Luton, D1690r00015, United Kingdom|