Phase Ib/II Trial of Interleukin-2 and PD-1 Checkpoint Inhibitor, Nivolumab In Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02989714|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 12, 2016
Results First Posted : March 9, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2021
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This will be a single arm, multi-site phase Ib/II clinical trial of standard doses of High Dose Interleukin-2 (HD IL2) (600,000 IU/kg/dose intravenously during two 5-day cycles 9 days apart) in IL-2 eligible clear cell metastatic RCC (Renal Cell Carcinoma) subjects in combination with Nivolumab.
Investigators hypothesize that concurrent PD-1 inhibition synergistically enhances the anti-tumor immune response to HD IL-2 in metastatic clear cell RCC. Investigators postulate that the combination of the two therapies would result in an increase in the overall response rate, complete response rate, and improved survival outcomes compared to either of the individual therapies.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Renal Cell Carcinoma||Drug: Interleukin-2 Drug: Nivolumab||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||13 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase Ib/II Trial of Interleukin-2 and PD-1 Checkpoint Inhibitor, Nivolumab In Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 16, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 25, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 23, 2020|
|Experimental: HD IL2 and Nivolumab||
600,000 IU/kg/dose intravenously during two 5-day cycles 9 days apart
Other Name: High Dose Interleukin-2
Nivolumab will be administered intravenously at 240 mg/dose over 60 minutes every 14 days, starting 1 week to 3 weeks after the start date of the first cycle of IL2 and continued for up to 48 weeks total in the absence of disease progression
- The Number of Patients With Grade 3 and Grade 4 Adverse Events of Interest [ Time Frame: 28 days from the first dose of Nivolumab ]This is the primary outcome for the Phase Ib portion of the trial. Events of interest are possibly immune-mediated and occur only after at least one dose of Nivolumab has been administered. Immune-mediated events of interest do not include those that are known to occur during high dose IL-2 monotherapy and are reversible. Grade assessed per CTCAE version 4.0.
- The Number of Patients That Respond to Treatment [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]This is the primary outcome for the Phase II portion of the trial. Includes complete response (CR) + partial response (PR), measured by computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1.
- Number of Grade 3-5 Adverse Events of Interest [ Time Frame: For the duration of the therapy plus 60 days post treatment ]Events of interest are possibly immune-mediated and occur only after at least one dose of Nivolumab has been administered. Immune-mediated events of interest do not include those that are known to occur during high dose IL-2 monotherapy and are reversible. Grade assessed per CTCAE version 4.0.
- Overall Survival at 24 Months [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]Overall survival at 24 months following the first dose of study therapy; 24 month estimates were reported using the product limit method of Kaplan and Meier along with 95% confidence intervals.
- Progression Free Survival (PFS) at 24 Months [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]PFS is defined as the time from start of study therapy with Nivolumab until progression or death; up to 24 months. Progressive disease is defined as At least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started, or the appearance of one or more new lesions.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Subjects must have a histologic diagnosis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (pure or mixed) with radiologic or histologic or cytologic evidence of metastatic disease.
- Subjects may have received up to 2 prior lines of systemic therapy (excluding any neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy) including anti-VEGF or VEGFR inhibitor (e.g. sorafenib, pazopanib, sunitinib, bevacizumab, axitinib) or mTOR inhibitor (e.g. everolimus or temsirolimus) for metastatic disease.
- Age ≥ 18 years at the time of consent.
- ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status (an attempt to quantify cancer patients' general well-being and activities of daily life. The score ranges from 0 to 5 where 0 is asymptomatic and 5 is death.) of 0 or 1
- Adequate organ and marrow function
- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 28 days prior to prior to registration. Women of non-childbearing potential are defined as those who have no uterus, ligation of the fallopian tubes, or permanent cessation of ovarian function due to ovarian failure or surgical removal of the ovaries. All others are considered women of child bearing potential.
- Females and males of childbearing potential must be willing to use an effective method of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) from the time consent is signed until 6 months after treatment discontinuation.
- Subjects must have measurable disease on physical exam or imaging
- An archived tissue block with the subject's renal cell carcinoma must be identified prior to registration.
- Subjects must be considered appropriate candidates for HD IL-2 by one of the treating investigators listed on the protocol. HD IL-2 candidacy evaluation is per institutional guidelines at each site and should include a dobutamine stress echocardiogram or equivalent. Subjects with a positive stress test for cardiac ischemia would be excluded from this trial.
- No clinically significant infections or any other medical condition(s) that render the subject ineligible for high dose IL-2 therapy as judged by the treating investigator.
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
- Prior interferon or interleukin-2 therapy is NOT allowed.
- Prior anti-PD-1/PD-L1 targeted therapy is NOT allowed. Prior CTLA-4 therapy or CD40/CD40L targeted therapy is allowed.
- Prior systemic treatment must be completed at least 14 calendar days prior to registration and the subject must have recovered from the toxicities of treatment to grade 1 or better.
- Prior radiation therapy is allowed if completed at least 14 calendar days prior to registration.
- Treatment with any investigational agent or on an interventional clinical trial within 30 days prior to registration.
- No prior or concurrent malignancy is allowed except for: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, localized or locally advanced prostate cancer definitively treated without recurrence or with biochemical recurrence only, or any other cancer fully treated or from which the subject has been disease-free for at least 2 years.
- Current untreated brain metastasi(e)s. If treated history of CNS (central nervous system) metastases, should have completed radiation or surgery at least 12 weeks prior and off systemic corticosteroids.
- Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis are NOT allowed. Vitiligo, mild psoriasis (topical therapy only) or hypothyroidism are allowed.
- Medical need for systemic corticosteroids >10mg prednisone daily or equivalent alternative steroid (except physiologic dose for adrenal replacement therapy) or other immunosuppressive agents (such as cyclosporine or methotrexate) Topical and inhaled corticosteroids are allowed if medically needed.
- History of allergic reaction to interleukin-2 or nivolumab
- Prior history of psychiatric disorder or seizure disorders which could be exacerbated by Interleukin-2 as judged by the treating investigator. 3.2.12 Evidence of significant cardiovascular disease including history of recent (< 6 months prior) myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, primary cardiac arrhythmias (not due to electrolyte disorder or drug toxicity, for example) beyond occasional PVC's (premature ventricular contractions), angina, positive low-level stress test, or cerebrovascular accident. All patients should have baseline pulmonary function tests. Adequate pulmonary function should be documented (FEV1 >2 liters or ≥75% of predicted for height and age) prior to initiating therapy.
- Any history of HIV or hepatitis B infection
- Any other medical or surgical condition or disease that, in the judgment of the treating physician, renders subject ineligible for High Dose Interleukin-2 therapy.
- Any history of organ allografts
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02989714
|United States, Michigan|
|University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109|
|United States, Minnesota|
|University of Minnesota|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455|
|United States, Ohio|
|University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106|
|Ohio State University|
|Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210|
|Principal Investigator:||Ajjai Alva, M.D.||University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center|
Documents provided by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center:
|Responsible Party:||University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
HUM00120502 ( Other Identifier: University of Michigan )
|First Posted:||December 12, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||March 9, 2020|
|Last Update Posted:||July 13, 2021|
|Last Verified:||June 2021|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Male Urogenital Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs