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Inter-pregnAncy Coaching for a Healthy fuTure (inter-act)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02989142
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 12, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 12, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Universiteit Antwerpen
UC Leuven-Limburg
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
dr. Annick Bogaerts, KU Leuven

Brief Summary:

The project focuses on prevention of major pregnancy and birth related complications : pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), caesarean section (CS), and large-for-gestational-age (LGA), i.e. the birth weight of the baby exceeds the 90% percentile of birth weights for the specific pregnancy duration.

The investigators focus on the pre-conception period, i.e. the pre-conception period of the 2nd pregnancy in women with an excessive weight gain during their 1st pregnancy, aiming to decrease the complications rate in their 2nd pregnancy.

Women with an excessive gestational weight gain have obtained the extra weight during a rather short period of time, e.g. 20 kilos in the last 4 or 5 months of their pregnancy. This characteristic distinguishes the target group from the general population with overweight/obesity, in whom the extra weight was acquired during many years and independent from a pregnancy, making a behaviour change more complex.

The coaching intervention combines face-to-face counselling with the use of a mobile App connected to medical devices (scale and pedometer). The app monitors important indicators (weight, eating behaviour, physical activity, mental wellbeing), provides coaching through established behavioral change techniques, and is specifically tailored for women with excessive weight gain during the previous pregnancy.

The goal is to decrease the rate of pregnancy and birth-related adverse outcomes in the next pregnancy by a healthy life style, starting shortly after their 1st delivery and sustained during the next pregnancy.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Pregnancy Behavioral: INTER-ACT Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The aim is to decrease the prevalence of pregnancy and birth-related complications (pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), caesarean section (CS), and large-for-gestational-age babies (LGA)). These complications occur in 26% of pregnancies with normal start BMI and adequate weight gain, in 34% in normal start BMI but excessive gestational weight gain and in up to 66% in obese class III (BMI≥40kg/m²) combined with excessive gestational weight gain. Moreover, as the prevalence of maternal obesity continues to rise, increasing numbers of children are exposed to an 'obesogenic intrauterine environment'. Obesity in pregnancy has therefore the potential to result in an 'intergenerational cycle' of obesity through in utero programming.

The investigators focus on women with excessive weight gain during their 1st pregnancy as currently, half of them do not return to their pre-pregnancy weight before the next pregnancy. This results in a complication rate as high as 42% (PIH, GDM, CS, LGA). The investigators target a healthy BMI at start of pregnancy by intervening during the pre-conception period- and an adequate weight gain during pregnancy by intervening during pregnancy in these women. The intervention will be evaluated in a randomized controlled trial including 1,100 women.

The proposed intervention combines face-to-face coaching with the use of a mobile App (so-called 'inter-act' app) connected to medical devices (scale and pedometer). The app monitors women's weight, eating behaviour, physical activity, mental wellbeing, and provides continuously coaching through positive behavioral change techniques. The 'inter-act' App covers after the 1st delivery breast-feeding support, while during pregnancy, the gestational weight gain guidelines of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) are included.

Drop out of less motivated women is avoided as the time points of the four pre-conception coaching sessions coincide with the existing postnatal follow-up visits for neonates (Governmental vaccination scheme through the organisation " Kind & Gezin"), and the three pregnancy coaching sessions coincide with the three routine ultrasound scans during normal pregnancy (KCE Guidelines).

Each year, there are 8,900 singleton pregnancies in Flanders in whom the mother had excessive gestational weight gain in the prior pregnancy. The current rate of at least one of the four major pregnancy and birth-related complications (PIH, GDM, CS, LGA) in the 8,900 pregnancies is 42%. If the complications rate reduces with 1/4, this involves more than 900 pregnancies, and reduces costs related to caesarean sections, gestational diabetes, obesity in mother & child.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Inter-pregnAncy Coaching for a Healthy fuTure
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cesarean Section

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control arm
No intervention
Experimental: INTER-ACT arm

Four pre-conception coaching sessions : postpartum week 6, week 8, week 12, 6 months.

Three pregnancy coaching sessions: at the time of the planned ultrasound scans.

Behavioral: INTER-ACT

Pre-conception coaching sessions: We encourage less motivated women to participate to the trial by collaborating with Kind & Gezin from the very beginning, as most timepoints of the counselling sessions coincide with the time points of the Kind&Gezin vaccine scheme (postpartum week 6, week 8, week 12, 6 months). We will organize the coaching in a "mother and baby friendly" community-based setting or in the hospitals, as preferred by the mothers.

Pregnancy coaching sessions: take place in hospital, at the time of the three planned ultrasound scans.

By consequence, the applied methodology can be applied as such at the moment of global utilisation in Flanders.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. prevalence of participants with at least one of the following four complications: pregnancy-induced hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus, caesarean section, large-for-gestational age baby [ Time Frame: at the time of delivery 2nd pregnancy (max pregnancy duration 44 weeks) ]
    The existence of pregnancy-induced hypertension and gestational diabetes mellitus are assessed during pregnancy. Whether the 2nd pregnancy results in a caesarean section and large-for-gestational-age baby will be known at the time of delivery 2nd pregnancy. Therefore, the primary outcome of prevalence of participants with pregnancy and birth-related complications is assessed at the time of delivery 2nd pregnancy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Drop out [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Drop-out rate and reason for drop-out

  2. Rate of women who returned to their pre-pregnancy weight [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
  3. Distribution underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese BMI [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
  4. Body composition [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Body composition measured by bio-electrical impedance analysis to estimate fat mass, fat free mass and muscle mass.

  5. Skin fold measurements [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Skin fold measurements or determining body fat composition by use of a skinfold calliper.

  6. Breast feeding behaviour [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Breast feeding (BF) habits are assessed by a structured questionnaire on breastfeeding practice. The questionnaire consists of eleven questions in Dutch, which investigates intention to BF, initiation to BF, exclusive BF, combination of bottle-feeding and BF and motives to cease BF.

  7. Food intake [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    food intake is measured by a Food Frequency Questionnaire: frequency of food intake (per day, per week or per month) and portion size (in gram or millilitre).

  8. Physical activity [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Physical activity is measured using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), long version.

  9. Life style behaviour [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Life style behaviour: whether the mother is following a diet, smoking, sleep duration and quality of sleep, alcohol use (questionnaire).

  10. Anxiety [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Anxiety symptoms are measured with the Trait Anxiety Inventory (TAI).

  11. Depression [ Time Frame: at 6 months, at 12 months, at 18 months .... till delivery 2nd pregnancy ]
    Levels of depression are measured with the reliable and valid 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (PDS).

  12. rate of patients with excessive gestational weight gain during their 2nd pregnancy. [ Time Frame: at the time of delivery 2nd pregnancy (max pregnancy duration 44 weeks) ]
  13. Rate of preterm/term pregnancies [ Time Frame: at the time of delivery 2nd pregnancy (max pregnancy duration 44 weeks) ]
  14. Cost-effectiveness of the intervention [ Time Frame: at the time of delivery 2nd pregnancy (max pregnancy duration 44 weeks) ]

    Costs related to these complications:

    1. caesarean section costs 4,013€ compared to 2,909€ for a vaginal delivery, resulting in a 4,013-2,909= 1,104€ additional cost per caesarean section (Onafhankelijke Ziekenfondsen, 2012).
    2. Gestational diabetes has an additional cost 820 € (Danyliv et al., IADPSG 2014, Gestational Diabetes and health care cost).
    3. There is also the impact of gestational diabetes on the baby. Intrauterine exposure through gestational diabetes predisposes the off-spring to diabetes: yearly cost for diabetes around 5,800€ (American Diabetes Association).
    4. Obesity: yearly additional direct medical cost for obesity approximately 3000 € per person due to increased contacts with health care providers and hospitalisation costs (De Jonghe E and Annemans L, 2009).

    The costs of the coaching sessions are based on the official nomenclature of midwives (RIZIV - Rijksinstituut voor ziekte- en invaliditeitsverzekering, Belgian institute)


  15. Number of women who gave at least 6 months breast feeding [ Time Frame: at 6 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Excessive weight gain during their previous pregnancy (above the IOM recommendations)
  • Child wish for having a next pregnancy
  • Women aged 18 years or more
  • Sufficient fluent in Dutch language
  • Able to give written informed consent
  • Able to use a smartphone. If the women do not have a smartphone because of socio-economic reasons, a smartphone is at her disposal for the whole duration of the intervention, in order to be able to use Apps connected with a Bluetooth pedometer and balance scale.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Requirement for (complex) diets
  • History of or a plan for bariatric surgery
  • Underlying or chronic disorders (e.g. diabetes, thyroid disease, renal diseases)
  • Significant psychiatric disorder
  • Previous still birth

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02989142


Contacts
Contact: Annick Bogaerts, PhD ++3216342810 annick.bogaerts@ucll.be
Contact: Roland Devlieger, Phd, MD Roland.Devlieger@med.kuleuven.be

Locations
Belgium
UZA Recruiting
Antwerpen, Belgium
Ziekenhuizen GasthuisZusters Antwerpen (GZA) Recruiting
Antwerpen, Belgium
Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg (ZOL) Recruiting
Genk, Belgium
Jessa ziekenhuis Recruiting
Hasselt, Belgium
Sint-Franciskusziekenhuis Recruiting
Heusden, Belgium
UZ Leuven Recruiting
Leuven, Belgium
Sponsors and Collaborators
KU Leuven
Universiteit Antwerpen
UC Leuven-Limburg
Investigators
Study Chair: Roland Devlieger, PhD, MD Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Development and Regeneration

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: dr. Annick Bogaerts, Prof. dr., KU Leuven
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02989142     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: T005116N
First Posted: December 12, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 12, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by dr. Annick Bogaerts, KU Leuven:
interpregnancy
pregnancy-induced hypertension
gestational diabetes mellitus
caesarean section
large-for-gestational-age