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A Clinical Trial Evaluating the Safety and Clinical Activity of Radioiodide (131I-) as a Novel Targeted Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer That Overexpresses Functional Na/I Symporter

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02988648
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (The study was withdrawn due to lack of enrollment.)
First Posted : December 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this phase I/II study is to evaluate the safety and clinical activity of Radioiodide (131I-) as a novel targeted therapy for metastatic breast cancer that overexpresses functional Na/I symporter. The study will enroll patients with metastatic breast cancer who have had clinical and/or radiographic evidence of disease progression on prior hormonal and/or chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Radiation: Radioiodide (131I-) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The primary objectives of the study are as follows:

  1. To evaluate the feasibility of using 124I- PET/CT scans to identify patients whose metastatic lesions accumulate radioactive iodide and therefore are candidates for 131I- therapy.
  2. Determine the frequency of iodide (124I) enriching metastatic breast cancer.
  3. Evaluate the safety and clinical activity of one-time 131I treatment to patients who screen positive on 124I- PET/CT screening, positivity is defined as calculated iodide enrichment that will allow delivering 2000 cGy or more radiation to one or more metastatic lesion by administering up to 200mCi 131I-.

The secondary objectives of the study are as follows:

1. To investigate a correlation between NIS expression in tumor tissue with 124I- uptake on screening PET/CT scan

The Phase I portion will follow a 3+3 design with 4 dose levels (30, 60, 120, and 200 mCi) of I- treatment. The maximum tolerated dose will be used in the Phase II efficacy assessment which will follow a Simon's optimal two-stage design. The primary efficacy measure is objective tumor response rate (CR or PR) with targeted activity level of > 20% response rate.

The study will be terminated for futility if no tumor response is seen in the first 12 patients. If futility criteria is not met, a total of 37 eligible patients will be enrolled in the Phase II portion. If 4 or more responses are seen after 37 patients were evaluated, then the investigators will conclude that the regimen warrants further study.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Clinical Trial Evaluating the Safety and Clinical Activity of Radioiodide (131I-) as a Novel Targeted Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer That Overexpresses Functional Na/I Symporter
Actual Study Start Date : December 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: radioiodide (I-)
The Phase I portion will follow a 3+3 design with 4 dose levels (30, 60, 120, and 200 mCi) of I- treatment. The maximum tolerated dose (from Phase I) will be used in the Phase II efficacy assessment which will follow a Simon's optimal two-stage design.
Radiation: Radioiodide (131I-)
The Phase I portion will follow a 3+3 design with 4 dose levels (30, 60, 120, and 200 mCi) of I- treatment. The maximum tolerated dose (from Phase I) will be used in the Phase II efficacy assessment which will follow a Simon's optimal two-stage design.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. objective tumor response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 24 weeks ]

    The primary efficacy measure is objective tumor response rate (CR or PR) with targeted activity level of > 20% response rate.

    Patients should be followed regularly until disease progression and until resolution of all acute toxicities associated with treatment administration. If stable disease or resolution of toxicities takes longer than 24 weeks, follow up frequency will be determined by the treating physician.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Each patient must meet all inclusion criteria in order to be considered for enrollment:

  • Histologically confirmed breast cancer with clinical and/or radiological evidence of measurable or evaluable metastatic disease by Response Evaluation in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.
  • Life expectancy ≥12 weeks.
  • Radiologic or clinical evidence of disease progression on prior hormonal and/or chemotherapy
  • There is no restriction on the number of prior lines of therapy.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status score of < 2.
  • Full recovery to Grade ≤ 2 from any prior side effects of prior therapy for cancer including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or immunotherapy.
  • Adequate bone marrow function defined as white blood cells (WBCs) ≥ 3.0 × 109/L, neutrophils ≥ 1.5 × 109/L, platelets ≥ 100 × 109/L.
  • Adequate renal function defined as serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance (GFR) > 40 mL/min calculated using the following formula: GFR = 175 x Serum Cr-1.154 x age-0.203 x 0.742 (female) and x 1.212 (if patient is African American).
  • Adequate liver function defined as AST, ALT ≤ 3 × upper limit of normal (UNL) in the absence of liver metastasis and ≤ 5 × UNL with liver metastases; bilirubin < 1.5 × UNL; alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 × UNL in the absence of liver metastasis and < 5 × UNL in case of bone metastases.
  • TSH, T3 and free T4 must be within normal range.
  • The patient should not have had intravenous or intrathecal iodinated contrast agents (IVP, CT with contrast, myelogram, angiogram) for 4 weeks prior to screening to their 124I- PET/CT scans and/or 131I- treatment.
  • Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if the brain metastases have remained stable for more than 4 weeks after completing therapy to the brain.
  • Normal urine or serum Beta-HCG in premenopausal women of childbearing potential
  • Women of childbearing potential must agree to use effective contraception during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of 124I- and/or 131I- as these agents interfere with radioactive iodide uptake
  • Signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concurrent anti-tumor treatment including radiation therapy, hormonal and chemotherapy.
  • Patients with symptomatic cardiac disease such as coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, or atrial fibrillation.
  • Significant gastrointestinal abnormalities, including: ulcerative colitis, chronic diarrhea associated with intestinal malabsorption, Crohn's disease, and prior surgical procedures affecting absorption.
  • Women who are nursing or pregnant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02988648


Locations
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United States, Connecticut
Smilow Cancer Center
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lajos Pusztai, M.D., D.Phil Yale University: Professor of Medicine, Section of Medical Oncology

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Responsible Party: Yale University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02988648     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1607018035
First Posted: December 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

Keywords provided by Yale University:
Metastatic Breast Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases