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Study of Adoptive Immunotherapy With Donor-derived CMV-specific T Cells for Recipients of Allo-HSCT (CMV_TCR-001)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02988258
Recruitment Status : Suspended (Protocol being re-written to allow inclusion of more patients)
First Posted : December 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 12, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University College, London

Brief Summary:

The study will test the hypothesis that CMV TCR-transduced T cells, at a specific T-cell dose/kg, can generate a functional CMV immune response post-transplant, where CMV-specific donor T cells cannot be isolated by conventional means. This will be tested in the context of adult HLA-matched sibling allogeneic HSCT.

In the proposed trial, an HLA-A*0201-restricted CMV pp65-specific T cell receptor (TCR) will be introduced into donor T cells via ex vivo GMP retroviral transduction. Donor T cells will be isolated from peripheral blood following a simple venesection procedure. The CMV TCR-transduced T cells will be tested for TCR expression, CMV-specific cytokine secretion and microbiological contamination before being frozen and stored at -80C. CMV seropositive transplant recipients will be tested weekly for CMV reactivation by quantitative PCR on peripheral blood. On first detection of CMV DNA > 200 copies/ml, 104 (cohort 1) or 105 (cohort 2) bulk CMV TCR-transduced T cells/kg recipient weight will be infused into the patient.

Blood will be taken regularly to determine persistence and expansion of the CMV TCR-transduced T cells. Weekly CMV PCR will be continued. Patients will be examined at appropriate intervals (daily if inpatients, twice weekly in BMT clinic if outpatients) for the development of graft versus host disease (GVHD) or other potential side effects.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Haematological Malignancies CMV Infection Genetic: CMV-TCR transduced donor-derived T cells Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Reactivation of the latent human herpes virus, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), post allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) can result in significant morbidity and mortality unless treated promptly. Anti-viral therapy is usually effective, but has serious side effects typically requiring prolonged inpatient admission, such as myelosuppression (Ganciclovir) or nephrotoxicity (Foscarnet). Cellular immunotherapy for CMV has been tested in Phase I/II trials in the UK and Europe. In these trials CMV-specific T cells were isolated from the peripheral blood of CMV seropositive donors and re-infused into recipients following CMV reactivation resulting in sustained anti-viral responses. It is clear that post-transplant recovery of CD8+ CMV-specific cytotoxic T-cells (CTL) abrogates the development of CMV-related disease. An advantage of cellular therapy for CMV reactivation is the transfer of immunological memory, which can reduce the number of subsequent reactivations. This is important, as rapidly increasing numbers of highly immunosuppressive (or T cell depleted) reduced intensity conditioning Allo-HSCTs are being performed in the UK. These approaches reduce the toxicity of transplantation in older patients with more co-morbidities. Reduced intensity allogeneic transplants are currently part of the UK MRC AML15 trial and are to be recommended in the proposed MRC/ECOG UKALL14 study and again in UK MRC AML17. In addition, a number of NCRN approved UK multicentre extended Phase II studies have recently started using reduced intensity Allo-HSCT in various lymphoma subtypes.

Transplant recipients with CMV seronegative donors cannot benefit from currently available cellular immunotherapy approaches due to the lack of CMV-specific memory T cells in these donors. At present, there is no reliable strategy to isolate virus specific T cells from uninfected naïve individuals, as the precursor frequency is low or absent and the in vitro priming of T-cell responses is inefficient. T-cell receptor (TCR) gene transfer offers a strategy to produce antigen-specific T cells independent of precursor frequency and without the need for T-cell priming. As approximately 50% of adult individuals have been previously infected with CMV, there are significant numbers of CMV 'mismatched' Allo-HSCT performed, where the donor is CMV seronegative and the recipient CMV seropositive. The proposed study will test the feasibility of generating donor-derived CMV-specific T cells via the ex vivo introduction of a CMV-specific T cell receptor using a GMP grade retroviral vector.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: CMV TCR Gene Therapy: A Phase I Safety, Toxicity and Feasibility Study of Adoptive Immunotherapy With CMV TCR-transduced Donor-derived T Cells for Recipients of Allogeneic Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Study Start Date : July 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1 - 10^4 transduced cells/kg
The first 3 patients will receive a single infusion of bulk CMV-TCR transduced donor-derived T cells on first CMV reactivation post allogeneic HSCT, at a dose of 10^4 T cells/kg recipient weight
Genetic: CMV-TCR transduced donor-derived T cells
Dose escalation

Experimental: Cohort 2 - 10^5 transduced cells/kg
If no cases grade III-IV GVHD in Cohort 1 the remaining patients (N=7) each receive a single infusion of bulk CMV-TCR transduced donor-derived T cells on first CMV reactivation post allogeneic HSCT, at a dose of 10^5 T cells/kg recipient weight
Genetic: CMV-TCR transduced donor-derived T cells
Dose escalation

Experimental: Cohort 1a - 10^3 transduced cells/kg
If 1 case grade III-IV GVHD in Cohort 1, next three patients to be treated with a single infusion of bulk CMV-TCR transduced donor-derived T cells of 1 x 10^3 T cells/kg recipient weight
Genetic: CMV-TCR transduced donor-derived T cells
Dose escalation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of the frequency of transduced donor-derived cells expressing the CMV-specific TCR by flow cytometry. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    CMV-TCR transduced cells express vbeta13 and murine constant beta chain (mCb), both of which can be easily detected by flow cytometry. The frequency of vbeta13+/mCb+ is used to calculate the efficiency of transduction of donor-derived cells.

  2. Evaluation of treatment toxicity according to the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria Scale (v4.03). [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Documentation of anti-CMV responses post CMV-TCR transduced cell infusion using quantitative PCR to determine viral copy numbers in peripheral blood. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. Evaluation of GvHD post CMV-TCR transduced cell infusion following allo-HSCT using standardised international criteria. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  3. Evaluation of immune reconstitution post CMV-TCR transduced cell infusion following allo-HSCT. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Flow cytometry and TCR repertoire analysis can be used to evaluate overall T-cell subset reconstitution.

  4. Assessment of the number of CMV-TCR transduced cells that are able to persist post-infusion using quantitative real-time PCR. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Quantitative real-time PCR using primers specifically targeting nucleotide sequences that are only present in the introduced CMV-TCR can be used to determine the number of circulating CMV-TCR transduced cells post infusion.

  5. Phenotypic characterisation of CMV-TCR transduced cells by flow cytometry in terms of relative expression of markers associated with cell differentiation, proliferation and intracellular cytokine production. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Flow cytometry can be used to further characterise CMV-TCR transduced cells in terms of naive/memory subsets (based on the expression of CD45RO and CD62L differentiation markers), proliferation status (assessed by Ki-67) and ability to produce cytokines (such as IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patient Inclusion Criteria:

  • Undergoing matched sibling allogeneic HSCT for an underlying haematological malignancy with a CMV seronegative donor
  • Age ≥ 18 years and ≤ 65 years
  • HLA-A*0201 positive
  • CMV seropositive (CMV IgG detected) pre-transplant
  • Informed consent in writing and ability to co-operate with treatment and follow up.

    • Prepared to undergo additional study procedures as per study schedule
    • Patient has undergone counselling about risk
  • Serologically negative for HIV 1&2, Hep B, Hep C and syphilis
  • Female patients of child-bearing age must have a negative pregnancy test and agree to use reliable contraceptive methods for the duration of the therapy and for 6 months afterwards
  • Male patients must agree to use appropriate medically approved contraception during the trial and for six months afterwards

And to be assessed prior to CMV-specific T cell infusion (for confirmation prior to product release):

  • Donor engraftment (neutrophils > 0.5x109/l).
  • Single positive CMV PCR result (> 200 copies/ml)

Patient Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Co-existing medical problems that would place the patient at significant risk of death due to GVHD or its sequelae
  • HIV infection

And to be assessed prior to CMV-specific T cell infusion (for confirmation prior to product release):

  • Active acute GVHD > Grade I
  • Concurrent use of systemic corticosteroids
  • Organ dysfunction as measured by

    • creatinine > 200 uM/l
    • bilirubin > 50 uM/l
    • ALT > 3x upper limit of normal

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02988258


Locations
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United Kingdom
University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust
Birmingham, United Kingdom, B15 2TH
University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust
Bristol, United Kingdom, BS2 8ED
University College London Hospital
London, United Kingdom, NW1 2PG
Nottingham University Hospital
Nottingham, United Kingdom, NG5 1PB
Sponsors and Collaborators
University College, London
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Emma Morris, Prof University College, London
Study Chair: Hans Stauss, Prof University College, London

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Responsible Party: University College, London
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02988258     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UCL 08/0214
2008-006649-18 ( EudraCT Number )
G0701703 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Medical Research Council (MRC) )
08/0214 ( Other Identifier: Sponsor Number )
First Posted: December 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 12, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by University College, London:
Ex vivo gene therapy
T cell receptor transduction
Immunotherapy
Allogeneic Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
CMV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cytomegalovirus Infections
Hematologic Neoplasms
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Hematologic Diseases