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Study To Evaluate The Efficacy And Safety Profile Of PF-06651600 And PF-06700841 In Subjects With Alopecia Areata

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02974868
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 29, 2016
Results First Posted : May 26, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 26, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 2a, randomized, double blind, parallel group, multicenter study with an extension period. The study will have a maximum duration of approximately 113 weeks. This includes an up to 5 weeks Screening Period, a 24 week Treatment Period, a 4 week Drug Holiday (#1), an up to 12 month Single Blind (investigator open, sponsor open and subject blind) Extension Period, a 4 week drug holiday (#2), a 6 month Cross Over Open Label Extension Period and a 4 week Follow up Period.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alopecia Areata Drug: PF-06651600 Drug: PF-06700841 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 142 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model Description: The first 24 weeks are parallel. The single-blind extension period will have a segment for non-responder and a withdrawal/retreatment segment for responder. The cross-over extension period is parallel for non-responders.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PHASE 2A RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED, MULTICENTER STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY PROFILE OF PF-06651600 AND PF-06700841 IN SUBJECTS WITH MODERATE TO SEVERE ALOPECIA AREATA WITH A SINGLE-BLIND EXTENSION PERIOD AND A CROSS-OVER OPEN LABEL EXTENSION PERIOD
Actual Study Start Date : December 15, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 15, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : May 15, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1
PF-06651600
Drug: PF-06651600
200 mg QD during induction and 50 mg QD during Maintenance

Experimental: Cohort 2
PF-06700841
Drug: PF-06700841
60 mg QD during induction and 30 mg QD during maintenance

Placebo Comparator: Cohort placebo
placebo
Drug: Placebo
Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. Score range: 0-100%. Higher score indicates more severe disease. Change from baseline is defined as the baseline value minus the value at a specific visit. Positive change from baseline signifies an improvement. Baseline is defined as the last measurement prior to first dosing (Day 1).

  2. Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (All-causality and Treatment-related) - Single-Blind Extension (SBE) Period [ Time Frame: Week 28 up to Week 52 ]
    An AE (non-serious and serious) was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study treatment without regard to possibility of causal relationship. Any such events with initial onset or increasing in severity after the first dose of study treatment were counted as treatment-emergent Adverse Event (TEAE). Treatment-related TEAE were determined by investigators. Arms end with "withdrawal Segment" and "retreatment segment" described the same population while in different treatment segment .The reason why count on PF-06700841 differ by 1 participant is that 1 responder directly entered the retreatment segment and skipped the withdrawal segment.

  3. Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (All-causality and Treatment-related) - Cross-Over Extension (COE) Period [ Time Frame: COE day 1 up to end of study ]
    An AE (non-serious and serious) was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study treatment without regard to possibility of causal relationship. Any such events with initial onset or increasing in severity after the first dose of study treatment were counted as treatment-emergent Adverse Event (TEAE). Treatment-related TEAE were determined by investigators.

  4. Number of Participants With Laboratory Abnormalities During SBE Period [ Time Frame: Week 28 up to Week 52 for non-responders and responders in the withdrawal segment, AT day 1 up to AT Week 24 for retreatment segment (AT=active treatment) ]
    Following laboratory parameters were assessed against pre-defined abnormality criteria: hematology(Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, RBC count, Reticulocyte count, Platelet count, WBC count with differential, Total neutrophils, Eosinophils, Monocytes, Basophils, Lymphocytes); serum chemistry (BUN and Creatinine, Cystatin C, Creatine Phosphokinase, Glucose , Na+, K+, Cl ,Ca++, Total CO2, AST, ALT, Total Indirect & Direct Bilirubin, Alkaline phosphatase, Uric acid, Albumin,Total protein, Fasting lipid Profile Panel; urinalysis(pH, Glucose, Protein, Nitrites, Leukocyte esterase, Microscopy culture);Other(HIV, HBsAg, HBcAb, HepB reflex (HbsAB), if applicable, HCVAb, Serum pregnancy test, Urine pregnancy test, FSH, QFT G or other IGRA, or PPD, EBV, CMV, HSV1, HSV2, VZV, Skin swab for herpetiform rash, Skin swab for potential drug related rash).Retest/discontinuation criteria are defined in Protocol Appendix 6.1 and 6.2 respectively.

  5. Numbers of Participants With Specific Clinical Laboratory Abnormalities During COE Period [ Time Frame: COE day 1 up to end of study ]
    Following laboratory parameters were assessed against pre-defined abnormality criteria: hematology(Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, RBC count, Reticulocyte count, Platelet count, WBC count with differential, Total neutrophils, Eosinophils, Monocytes, Basophils, Lymphocytes); serum chemistry (BUN and Creatinine, Cystatin C, Creatine Phosphokinase, Glucose , Na+, K+, Cl ,Ca++, Total CO2, AST, ALT, Total Indirect & Direct Bilirubin, Alkaline phosphatase, Uric acid, Albumin,Total protein, Fasting lipid Profile Panel; urinalysis(pH, Glucose, Protein, Nitrites, Leukocyte esterase, Microscopy culture);Other(HIV, HBsAg, HBcAb, HepB reflex (HbsAB), if applicable, HCVAb, Serum pregnancy test, Urine pregnancy test, FSH, QFT G or other IGRA, or PPD, EBV, CMV, HSV1, HSV2, VZV, Skin swab for herpetiform rash, Skin swab for potential drug related rash).Retest/discontinuation criteria are defined in Protocol Appendix 6.1 and 6.2 respectively.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) Score at Week 24 -AT/AU Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. Change from baseline is defined as the baseline value minus the value at a specific visit. Positive change from baseline implies an improvement. Alopecia totalis (AT): derived as SALT score = 100% at baseline only. Alopecia universalis (AU): derived as SALT score = 100% and both eyelash and eyebrow assessments were "none" at baseline.

  2. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 30 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 30 response is a 30% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  3. Change From Baseline in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) Across Time (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100% with higher score indicates more severe disease. Baseline is defined as the last measurement prior to first dosing (Day 1). Change from baseline is defined as the baseline value minus the value at a specific visit. Positive change from baseline implies an improvement. Least Square Mean and 90% Confidence Interval of Arms (PF-06651600 and PF-06700841) are the Least Square Mean and 90% Confidence Interval for difference from placebo respectively.

  4. Percent Change From Baseline in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) Across Time (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100% with higher score indicates more severe disease. Baseline is defined as the last measurement prior to first dosing (Day 1). Percent change from baseline is defined as SALT baseline value minus SALT value at a specific visit divided by baseline and multiplying by 100. Positive change from baseline implies an improvement. Least Square Mean and 90% Confidence Interval of Arms (PF-06651600 and PF-06700841) are the Least Square Mean and 90% Confidence Interval for difference from placebo respectively.

  5. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 30 Across Time (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 30 response is a 30% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) of Arms(PF-06651600 and PF-06700841) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  6. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 50 Across Time (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 50 response is a 50% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) of Arms(PF-06651600 and PF-06700841) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  7. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 75 Across Time (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 75 response is a 75% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) of Arms(PF-06651600 and PF-06700841) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  8. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 90 Across Time (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 90 response is a 90% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) of Arms(PF-06651600 and PF-06700841) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  9. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 100 Across Time (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 100 response is a 100% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) of Arms(PF-06651600 and PF-06700841) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  10. Number of Participants With the IGA Score Change (Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 2,4,6,8,12,16,20,24 ]
    The clinical evaluator of alopecia areata (AA) will perform an assessment of the overall improvement of AA and assign an Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) score(ranging from 0 to 5) with higher score representing higher regrowth rate. Baseline is defined as the last measurement prior to first dosing (Day 1).

  11. Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (All-causality and Treatment-related) - Treatment Period [ Time Frame: baseline up to Week 24 ]
    An AE (non-serious and serious) was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study treatment without regard to possibility of causal relationship. Any such events with initial onset or increasing in severity after the first dose of study treatment were counted as treatment-emergent Adverse Event (TEAE). Treatment-related TEAE were determined by investigators.

  12. Number of Participants With Laboratory Abnormalities During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 24 ]
    Following laboratory parameters were assessed against pre-defined abnormality criteria: hematology(Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, RBC count, Reticulocyte count, Platelet count, WBC count with differential, Total neutrophils, Eosinophils, Monocytes, Basophils, Lymphocytes); serum chemistry (BUN and Creatinine, Cystatin C, Creatine Phosphokinase, Glucose , Na+, K+, Cl ,Ca++, Total CO2, AST, ALT, Total Indirect & Direct Bilirubin, Alkaline phosphatase, Uric acid, Albumin,Total protein, Fasting lipid Profile Panel; urinalysis(pH, Glucose, Protein, Nitrites, Leukocyte esterase, Microscopy culture);Other(HIV, HBsAg, HBcAb, HepB reflex (HbsAB), if applicable, HCVAb, Serum pregnancy test, Urine pregnancy test, FSH, QFT G or other IGRA, or PPD, EBV, CMV, HSV1, HSV2, VZV, Skin swab for herpetiform rash, Skin swab for potential drug related rash).Retest/discontinuation criteria are defined in Protocol Appendix 6.1 and 6.2 respectively.

  13. Time to Achieve the Retreatment Criteria During the Withdrawal/Retreatment Part of the Extension Period Among Subjects Who Achieved Primary Endpoint at Week 24 (SBE Period) [ Time Frame: Week 24 up to Week 52 ]
    Time to re-treatment (weeks) = (date of re-treatment criteria met - date at Week 24 +1)/7. The calendar time to retreatment was calculated. Baseline is defined as Week 24 measurement. The duration in Drug Holiday #1 (ranging from 2-6 weeks) is counted in the Kaplan-Meier analysis. One subject directly entered the re-treatment period and hence is censored at baseline in the Kaplan-Meier analysis.

  14. Change From Baseline in SALT Across Time (SBE Period) [ Time Frame: Weeks 30, 32, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52 for non-responders, and AT Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 for retreated responders.(AT=active treatment) ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100% with higher score indicates more severe disease. Baseline is defined as the last measurement prior to first dosing (Day 1). Change from baseline is defined as the baseline value minus the value at a specific visit. Positive change from baseline implies an improvement. Least Square Mean and 90% confidence interval in this outcome measurement is the LSM and 90%CI for difference from initial 24-week treatment period placebo respectively.

  15. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 30 Across Time (SBE Period) [ Time Frame: Weeks 30, 32, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52 for non-responders, and AT Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 for retreated responders.(AT=active treatment) ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 30 response is a 30% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from initial 24-week treatment period placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  16. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 50 Across Time (SBE Period) [ Time Frame: Weeks 30, 32, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52 for non-responders, and AT Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 for retreated responders.(AT=active treatment) ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 50 response is a 50% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from initial 24-week treatment period placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  17. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 75 Across Time (SBE Period) [ Time Frame: Weeks 30, 32, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52 for non-responders, and AT Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 for retreated responders.(AT=active treatment) ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 75 response is a 75% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from initial 24-week treatment period placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  18. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 90 Across Time (SBE Period) [ Time Frame: Weeks 30, 32, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52 for non-responders, and AT Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 for retreated responders.(AT=active treatment) ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 90 response is a 90% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from initial 24-week treatment period placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.

  19. Percentage of Participants Achieving SALT 100 Across Time (SBE Period) [ Time Frame: Weeks 30, 32, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52 for non-responders, and AT Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 for retreated responders.(AT=active treatment) ]
    SALT is a quantitative assessment of alopecia areata (AA) severity based on the scalp hair loss. A SALT 100 response is a 100% or greater reduction from baseline in SALT score. The SALT score can vary from 0 to 100%, with higher scores representing increasing severity of disease. The analysis was done using FAS (full analysis set) based on Non-responder imputation (ie. set missing values to be non-responsive) data. The percentage(Number) and 90% confidence interval (CI) in this outcome measurement is the percentage and 90% CI for difference from initial 24-week treatment period placebo. The 90% CI was calculated using Chan and Zhang method.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects between 18 75 years of age, inclusive, at time of informed consent.
  • Must have moderate to severe alopecia areata:

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or positive HIV serology at screening,
  • Infected with hepatitis B or hepatitis C viruses.
  • Have evidence of active or latent or inadequately treated infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB)
  • Have received any of the following treatment regiments specified in the timeframes outlined below:

Within 6 months of first dose of study drug: Any cell depleting agents Within 12 weeks of first dose of study drug: Any studies with JAK inhibitors; Other biologics Within 8 weeks of first dose of study drug: Participation in other studies involving investigational drug(s) Within 6 weeks of first dose of study drug: Have been vaccinated with live or attenuated live vaccine.

Within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug: Use of oral immune suppressants; Phototherapy (NB UVB) or broad band phototherapy; Regular use (more than 2 visits per week) of a tanning booth/parlor.

Within 2 week of first dose of study drug: Topical treatments that could affect AA; Herbal medications with unknown properties or known beneficial effects for AA.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02974868


Locations
Show Show 55 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
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Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Pfizer:
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 6, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 12, 2018

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02974868    
Other Study ID Numbers: B7931005
2016-004048-13 ( EudraCT Number )
ALLEGRO ( Other Identifier: Alias Study Number )
First Posted: November 29, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 26, 2020
Last Update Posted: May 26, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Pfizer will provide access to individual de-identified participant data and related study documents (e.g. protocol, Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP), Clinical Study Report (CSR)) upon request from qualified researchers, and subject to certain criteria, conditions, and exceptions. Further details on Pfizer's data sharing criteria and process for requesting access can be found at: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests.
URL: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Pfizer:
Phase 2
randomized
double-blind
placebo
alopecia areata
safety
efficacy
JAK
janus kinase
moderate
severe
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alopecia
Alopecia Areata
Hypotrichosis
Hair Diseases
Skin Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical