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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    Combination Targeted Therapy with Pembrolizumab and Lenvatinib in Progressive, Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancers
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Pembrolizumab and Lenvatinib in Treating Metastatic or Recurrent Differentiated Thyroid Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02973997
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab and lenvatinib work in treating patients with differentiated thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body or has come back and cannot be removed by surgery. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab and kinase inhibitors, such as lenvatinib, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Columnar Cell Variant Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Follicular Variant Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Recurrent Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Stage III Differentiated Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Stage III Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma Stage III Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Stage IV Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma Stage IV Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Stage IVA Differentiated Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Stage IVA Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma Stage IVA Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Stage IVB Differentiated Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Stage IVB Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma Stage IVB Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Stage IVC Differentiated Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Stage IVC Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma Stage IVC Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Tall Cell Variant Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma Thyroid Gland Oncocytic Follicular Carcinoma Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Lenvatinib Biological: Pembrolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To investigate the clinical efficacy, as indicated by the rate of complete response (CR) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, of combination therapy with pembrolizumab and lenvatinib in lenvatinib-naive patients with progressive radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancers (DTC). (Cohort 1) II. To determine the overall response rate (ORR) by the addition of pembrolizumab to patients with radioiodine-refractory DTC who have progressive disease on lenvatinib alone. (Cohort 2)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety profile and toxicity of combination therapy with pembrolizumab and lenvatinib in patients with progressive DTC. (Cohort 1 and cohort 2) II. To determine progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). (Cohort 1 and cohort 2)

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To correlate tumor response (RECIST 1.1) with pretreatment frequency of CD8+ T cells in the primary and/or metastatic tumor. (Cohort 1 and cohort 2) II. To correlate tumor response (RECIST 1.1) with pretreatment PD-L1 and PD-L2 levels in the primary and/or metastatic tumor. (Cohort 1 and cohort 2) III. To correlate tumor response (RECIST 1.1) with pretreatment frequency of lymphocytes expressing CD3, CD4, PD-1, FoxP3, or CD20, and of CD163+ macrophages. (Cohort 1 and cohort 2) IV. To correlate tumor response (RECIST 1.1) with the phenotype and frequency of key leukocyte subsets (i.e., PD-1+ T cells, regulatory T cells [Tregs], myeloid subsets) in the peripheral blood before, at 6 and 18 weeks on therapy, and at 54 weeks (study completion), progressive disease (PD), or study withdrawal. (Cohort 1) V. To correlate tumor response (RECIST 1.1) with PD-1+ T cell functional capacity. (Cohort 1) VI. To correlate tumor response (RECIST 1.1) with serum anti-thyroglobulin antibody levels assessed before, and at 18 weeks on therapy. (Cohort 1 and 2) VII. To correlate tumor response (RECIST 1.1) with tumor mutation status. (Cohort 1) VIII. To broadly investigate mechanisms of response and resistance to combination therapy, gene expression profiles will be generated from frozen biopsies for analysis by ribonucleic acid-sequencing (RNA-Seq). (Cohort 1)

OUTLINE:

Patients receive lenvatinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21 and pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 19 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for up to 3 years.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination Targeted Therapy With Pembrolizumab and Lenvatinib in Progressive, Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancers
Anticipated Study Start Date : December 1, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2018


Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (lenvatinib, pembrolizumab)
Patients receive lenvatinib mesylate PO QD on days 1-21 and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 19 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Lenvatinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • E7080
  • ER-203492-00
  • Multi-Kinase Inhibitor E7080
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Confirmed response rate assessed by RECIST 1.1 (Cohort 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  2. CR rate assessed by RECIST 1.1 (Cohort 1) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events assessed by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    All patients that have initiated treatment will be considered evaluable for assessing adverse events. The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed to determine adverse event patterns. Only the grade 2+ adverse events will be assessed, regardless of relationship to the study treatment.

  2. OS [ Time Frame: From registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  3. PFS [ Time Frame: From registration to the first of either death due to any cause or progression, assessed up to 3 years ]
    The distribution of PFS will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Biomarker levels analysis following pembrolizumab and lenvatinib combination therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    All analyses with respect to the translational component of this study are intended to be hypothesis-generating and descriptive in manner. Clinical data (i.e. CR rates confirmed response rates, PFS, OS, etc.) will be correlated with tumor marker data of interest (CD8+, PD-L1, PD-L2, T cell functional capacity markers, anti-thyroglobulin antibody levels, tumor mutation status, and other markers). The Chi-Square (or Fisher's Exact test) will be used to assess the association of categorical clinical data with categorical biomarker data. Time-to-event clinical data (PFS, OS) will be correlated wit


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Locally recurrent and unresectable and/or distant metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), histologically or cytologically confirmed; the diagnosis of DTC includes the following subtypes: papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) (including but not limited to variants such as follicular variant, tall cell, columnar cell, Hurthle cell variant of papillary carcinoma, and poorly differentiated), follicular thyroid cancer (FTC), including insular variant, Hurthle cell carcinoma and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer
  • Measurable disease meeting the following criteria:

    • At least 1 lesion of >= 1.0 cm in the longest diameter for a non-lymph node or >= 1.5 cm in the short-axis diameter for a lymph node which is serially measurable according to RECIST 1.1 using computerized tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI); if there is only one target lesion and it is a non-lymph node, it should have a longest diameter of >= 1.5 cm
    • Lesions that have had external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or loco-regional therapies such as radiofrequency (RF) ablation must show evidence of progressive disease based on RECIST 1.1 to be deemed a target lesion
  • For cohort 1 only: evidence of disease progression =< 14 months prior to registration according to RECIST 1.1, as confirmed by the site study principal investigator (PI)
  • For cohort 2 only: progressive disease (PD) on lenvatinib per RECIST 1.1 =< 30 days prior to registration, as confirmed by the site study PI
  • Radioiodine (RAI)-resistant disease as defined by one or more of the following criteria:

    • One or more measurable lesions that do not demonstrate RAI uptake
    • One or more measurable lesions progressive by RECIST 1.1 =< 14 months of prior RAI therapy
    • One or more measurable lesions present after cumulative RAI dose of >= 600 mCi
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000 / mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin dependency (=< 7 days prior to registration)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Adequately controlled blood pressure with or without antihypertensive medications defined as BP < 150/90 mmHg at screening
  • Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
  • Ability to complete patient medication and blood pressure diaries by themselves or with assistance
  • Willing and able to provide informed written consent
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)

    • Note: during the active monitoring phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up
  • Willing to provide tissue and blood samples for correlative research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cohort 1 only: prior treatment with previous VEGFR active multikinase inhibitor
  • Cohort 2 only: discontinued lenvatinib due to toxicity
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential: unwilling or unable to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; NOTE: subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Male subjects: unwilling or unable to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (HIV 1/2 antibodies) and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy
  • Currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy within 4 weeks prior to registration
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy =< 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Known history of active TB (Bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
  • Prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) =< 4 weeks prior to registration or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered >= 4 weeks prior to registration
  • Prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 (except lenvatinib for patients in cohort 2) or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent

    • NOTE:

      • Subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
      • If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to registration, as deemed by treating investigator or site PI
  • Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer
  • Known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; NOTE: subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for >= 7 days prior to trial treatment; this exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); NOTE: replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
  • Known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Received a live vaccine =< 30 days of planned start of study therapy; NOTE: seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
  • Proteinuria > 1+ on dipstick urinalysis; patients with > 1+ proteinuria on dipstick urinalysis will undergo 24-hour urine collection for quantitative assessment; NOTE: patients with > 1 g/24 hours will be ineligible
  • Clinically significant gastrointestinal malabsorption syndrome
  • New York Heart Association congestive heart failure of grade II or above, unstable angina, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, or serious cardiac arrhythmia associated with significant cardiovascular impairment within the past 6 months; ejection fraction (EF) by multi-gated acquisition (MUGA) or echo should not be less than the institutional lower limit of normal
  • Corrected QT (QTc) prolongation > 480 msec, as calculated by either the Bazett or Fridericia formula, as per institutional standard
  • Active hemoptysis (bright red blood > 1 teaspoon on more than one occasion) =< 3 weeks prior to registration
  • Cohort 2 only: more than one prior treatment with VEGFR active multikinase inhibitor prior to original start of lenvatinib
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02973997


Locations
United States, California
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Torrance, California, United States, 90502
Contact: Andrew G. Gianoukakis    310-222-8172    agianouk@ucla.edu   
Principal Investigator: Andrew G. Gianoukakis         
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Not yet recruiting
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80217-3364
Contact: Bryan R. Haugen    720-848-0676    Bryan.haugen@ucdenver.edu   
Principal Investigator: Bryan R. Haugen         
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Lori J. Wirth    617-724-0878    lwirth@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Lori J. Wirth         
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Contact: Francis P. Worden    764-763-4457    fworden@med.umich.edu   
Principal Investigator: Francis P. Worden         
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Contact: Eric J. Sherman    646-888-5334    shermane@mskcc.org   
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Sherman         
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Ramona Dadu    713-792-2841    RDadu@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: Ramona Dadu         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Academic and Community Cancer Research United
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bryan Haugen Academic and Community Cancer Research United
More Information

Responsible Party: Academic and Community Cancer Research United
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02973997     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACCRU-ITOG-1504
NCI-2016-01752 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
ACCRU-ITOG-1504 ( Other Identifier: Academic and Community Cancer Research United )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 28, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Thyroid Diseases
Thyroid Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Pembrolizumab
Lenvatinib
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Papillary
Adenocarcinoma, Follicular
Adenoma, Oxyphilic
Endocrine System Diseases
Adenocarcinoma
Adenoma
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action