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Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Anti-tumour Activity of Alflutinib in Advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02973763
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 25, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:
Alflutinib Mesylate Tablets is a Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) mutation selective Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor which can efficient suppress the EGFR T790M drug-resistant mutation tumor cell in Xenograft mouse model. This study aims at local advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer patients with T790M drug-resistant mutation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
NSCLC Drug: Alflutinib Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a Phase I study, to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and anti-tumor activity of AST2818 in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who progressed on prior therapy with an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor agent. The tolerability of AST2818 20 mg/day - 240 mg/day in 14 subjects was observed. 7-days observation period for a single dose and 21-days observation period for multiple doses.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Anti-tumour Activity of Alflutinib in Patients With Advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Who Progressed on Prior Therapy With an Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Agent
Actual Study Start Date : December 30, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alflutinib
patients take Alflutinib orally once per day at different dose
Drug: Alflutinib
Other Name: AST2818




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence and Severity of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Adverse events will be collected from baseline until 28 days after the last dose ]
    Assessed by number and severity of adverse events as recorded on the case report form, vital signs, laboratory variables, physical examination, electrocardiogram, ophthalmic examinations, RECIST1.1, and NCI CTCAE v4.03


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Plasma Concentration [Cmax] of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day 1 to figure out Cmax.

  2. Peak Plasma Time [tmax] of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day 1 to figure out tmax.

  3. Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day1 to figure out AUC.

  4. Terminal rate constant of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day 1 to figure out terminal rate constant.

  5. Clearance of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day 1 to figure out clearance.

  6. Half life of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day 1 to figure out half life.

  7. Volume of distribution of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day 1 to figure out volume of distribution.

  8. Mean resistance time of single dose Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times after the first dose of the study on Day 1, (pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Collect plasma concentrations of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following single dose at designated time points of Day 1 to figure out mean resistance time.

  9. Steady state Cmax of multiple doses Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times during the multiple dosing cycles (Cycle 1-pre-dose Day 1, 8, 15. Cycle 2 D1- pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Cmax of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites at steady state following multiple doses.

  10. Steady state tmax of multiple doses Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times during the multiple dosing cycles (Cycle 1-pre-dose Day 1, 8, 15. Cycle 2 D1- pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    tmax of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites at steady state following multiple doses.

  11. Steady state Cmin (Minimum Plasma Concentration) of multiple doses Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times during the multiple dosing cycles (Cycle 1-pre-dose Day 1, 8, 15. Cycle 2 D1- pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Cmin of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites at steady state following multiple doses.

  12. Steady state AUC of multiple doses Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times during the multiple dosing cycles (Cycle 1-pre-dose Day 1, 8, 15. Cycle 2 D1- pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    AUC of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites at steady state following multiple doses.

  13. Steady state clearance of multiple doses Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times during the multiple dosing cycles (Cycle 1-pre-dose Day 1, 8, 15. Cycle 2 D1- pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Clearance of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites at steady state following multiple doses.

  14. Accumulation ratio of multiple doses Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times during the multiple dosing cycles (Cycle 1-pre-dose Day 1, 8, 15. Cycle 2 D1- pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Accumulation ratio of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following multiple doses.

  15. Time dependency of multiple doses Alflutinib and 2 metabolites [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected from each subject at pre-specified times during the multiple dosing cycles (Cycle 1-pre-dose Day 1, 8, 15. Cycle 2 D1- pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours post dose) ]
    Time dependency of Alflutinib and 2 metabolites following multiple doses.

  16. Objective response rate of Alflutinib [ Time Frame: CT or MRI at screening and every 2 Cycles (from first dose of multiple dosing) until disease progression or withdrawal from study, expected average 6 months ]
    Evaluation of objective response rate assessed by RECIST 1.1

  17. Duration of response of Alflutinib [ Time Frame: CT or MRI at screening and every 2 Cycles (from first dose of multiple dosing) until disease progression or withdrawal from study, expected average 6 months ]
    Duration of response assessed by RECIST 1.1

  18. Progression free survival of Alflutinib [ Time Frame: CT or MRI at screening and every 2 Cycles (from first dose of multiple dosing) until disease progression or withdrawal from study, expected average 6 months ]
    Progression of tumor was assessed by RECIST 1.1 thereby to evaluate progression free survival

  19. Disease progression rate of Alflutinib [ Time Frame: CT or MRI at screening and every 2 Cycles (from first dose of multiple dosing) until disease progression or withdrawal from study, expected average 6 months ]
    Progression of tumor was assessed by RECIST 1.1 thereby to evaluate disease progression rate

  20. Clinical benefit rate of Alflutinib [ Time Frame: CT or MRI at screening and every 2 Cycles (from first dose of multiple dosing) until disease progression or withdrawal from study, expected average 6 months ]
    Clinical benefit rate was calculated by adding up complete remission, partial remission and stabilization of disease assessed by RECIST 1.1



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients of either gender, aged from 18 years older to 65.
  2. Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic, or unresectable locally advanced, recurrent NSCLC.
  3. Radiological documentation of disease progression while on a previous continuous treatment with an EGFR TKI e.g. gefitinib or erlotinib or Afatinib, or Icotinib (Third EGFR TKI are not included). In addition other lines of therapy may have been given.
  4. Confirmation that the tumour harbours an EGFR mutation known to be associated with EGFR TKI sensitivity (including at least one of G719X, exon 19 deletion, L858R, L861Q mutation)
  5. Documented evidence of definitely EGFR T790M+ state in the tumor tissue after disease progression on the most recent treatment regimen (irrespective of whether this is EGFR TKI or chemotherapy).
  6. ECOG performance status of 0 to 2. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  7. At least one measurable disease by CT or PET-CT or MRI, according to RECIST Version 1.1.
  8. Organ function must meet the following requirements:

    • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5 x 109/L, Platelet count >= 75 x 109/L, Haemoglobin >= 90 g/L;
    • Alanine aminotransferase/Aspartate aminotransferase <= 2.5 times the upper limit of normal if no demonstrable liver metastases or <= 5 times in the presence of liver metastases;
    • Total bilirubin <= 1.5 times ULN if no liver metastases or <= 3 times ULN in the presence of liver metastases or liver metastases;
    • Creatinine <=1.5 times ULN concurrent with creatinine clearance >= 50 ml/min (measured or calculated by Cockcroft and Gault equation);
  9. Females should not be in lactation period and must have a negative pregnancy test prior to start of dosing; During the whole treatment,all patients should be in the entire 3 months during and after the treatment, repeated barrier precautions
  10. Signed consent on an Independent Ethics Committee-approved Informed Consent Form prior to any study-specific evaluation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any cytotoxic chemotherapy from a previous treatment regimen or clinical study within 21 days,Any Target cancer drug from a previous treatment regimen or clinical study within 14 days, or less than approximately 5x half-life of the first dose of study treatment;
  2. The third EGFR-TKI from a previous treatment regimen or clinical study (ie, AZD9291, CO-1686, HM61713, ASP8273, EGF816, avitinib,
  3. Taking (or cannot stop taking 1 week before the first dose receiving) strong inhibitor of CYP3A4 or antitumor herb.
  4. Unrecovered toxic reaction due to former therapy existed, with over 1 grade of CTCAE (except alopecia) or 2 grade if ever applied DDP curing related neuropathy.
  5. Spinal compression, or brain metastasis exhibiting symptoms but untreated (except those exhibit no symptom with stable condition and do not apply corticosteroids for 4 weeks before the trail initiating)
  6. Any evidence showing severe or inadequate controlled systemic disease. For example patients with inadequate controlled hypertension considered not suitable for the trail or would affect the compliance towards the protocol, with active hemorrhagic tendency, with active infection such as HBV (HBV-DNA≥1000cps/ml), with HCV, with HIV et al (except for HBV carrier those the researcher considered meet the criterion).
  7. Any condition affecting the drug taking, or significantly affecting the absorption or the pharmacokinetic parameters, include any kind of uncontrollable nausea or vomit, chronic gastroenteropathy, disability in swallowing, and history of gastrointestinal resection or surgery.
  8. Any condition meet the following cardiac standard: ECG show a QTc>470 msec under resting state (Repeat in 48 hours when a first abnormal discovered, take mean of the two measurements). All kinds of abnormal in cardiac rhythm, conduction and resting ECG profile with clinical significance, for example complete left bundle branch block, 2 or 3 grade of conduction block and a PR interval>250 msec. Any possible factors increasing the risk of QTc extending or leading to arrhythmia, such as heart failure, hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome, any first degree relative suffered from long QT syndrome or undertook unexplained sudden death before 40 years old, or taking any drug leading to a longer QTc.
  9. Any history of interstitial lung disease, drug induced interstitial lung disease, radiation pneumonia require steroid therapy or active interstitial lung disease with clinical evidence during recruiting.
  10. Patients with other factors the researchers considered not suitable for the trail (for example, patients those who not willing to follow the procedure, limitation or requirements, who once experienced bone marrow allotransplantation, who have other kinds of malignant tumor coexisted or who showed allergic to the active ingredients or inactive adjuvant of the investigational drug, as well as drugs with similar chemical structure or in the same class).
  11. Confirmed mutation of EGFR 20 exon insertion at anytime after the first diagnosis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02973763


Sponsors and Collaborators
Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Shi YK
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Responsible Party: Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02973763    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20161121
First Posted: November 25, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases