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LoViReT (Low Viral Reservoir Treated Patients) (LoViReT)

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2016 by IrsiCaixa
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
IrsiCaixa
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02972931
First received: November 17, 2016
Last updated: May 4, 2017
Last verified: November 2016
  Purpose
The main purpose of this study is to unravel the mechanisms by which the "Low Viral Reservoir Treated" patients (LoViReT) maintain extremely low HIV-1 DNA levels despite having initiated cART during chronic HIV-1 infection. This group may have specific and different clinical, virological and immunogenetical characteristics, compared to patients with regular reservoir size, which might be useful to design new and more effective treatment approaches.

Condition
Hiv

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Impact of Antiretroviral Treatment and Predictors in Subjects With Extremely Low HIV-1 Reservoir: Optimization of New Cure Strategies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by IrsiCaixa:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Longitudinal analysis of total HIV DNA and immune-phenotype by Digital Droplet PCR and Flow Cytometry, respectively, comparing this outcome before and after cART (evaluation of cART effect on this parameters) [ Time Frame: 10 months ]
    To address this objective, a longitudinal analysis of proviral HIV DNA for each patient will be performed, including time points previous to cART. In total, 200 samples will be analyzed and dynamic models will be built for the two different levels of reservoir establishment. General immune phenotype of cellular populations, including also activation markers, will be also assessed in all time points.

  • Comparison of integrity and functionality of HIV sequences, through full viral genome sequencing, genotypic tropism and qVOA, between patients with Low (LoViReT) and Normal (controls) levels of total HIV DNA [ Time Frame: 16 months ]
    Genotypic HIV tropism and the full viral genome will be analyzed through sequencing from DNA of patients' PBMC. Fresh blood samples will be taken from the 40 LoViReT and 40 control patients in the study. In addition, the replication competent reservoir will be also analyzed with the gold standard quantitative viral outgrowth assay (qVOA) and, for those exerting virus production, viral isolates will be used to analyze viral replication capacity and cell pathogenesis.

  • Evaluation and Comparison of CD8 T-cell responses, by ELISPOT and inhibition assays, between patients with Low (LoViReT) and Normal (controls) levels of total HIV DNA [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    Functional T-cell response will be measured isolating CD8 T cells and measuring the inhibition capacity for HIV replication in each patient. Specific HIV-related CD8 T cell interferon production will be also evaluated under epitope stimulus.

  • Analysis and comparison of progression-associated genetic factors, between patients with Low (LoViReT) and Normal (controls) levels of total HIV DNA [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Different progression-associated genetic factors, such as HLA type, and CCR5, CCR2 and SIGLEC-1 SNPs will be also explored.


Estimated Enrollment: 80
Anticipated Study Start Date: June 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
LoViReT
HIV-infected subjects with extremely low or undetectable HIV-1 DNA levels in peripheral blood despite having initiated cART during chronic HIV-1 infection
Standard Reservoir Level
HIV-infected subjects who initiated cART during chronic HIV-1 infection and that show standard HIV-1 DNA levels in peripheral blood

Detailed Description:

Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is highly successful suppressing HIV-1 replication and clinical progression in infected patients. However, it does not hamper the establishment of viral reservoirs, generating latently infected cells that provoke a quick rebound of HIV viremia after treatment interruption. Different strategies to tackle HIV-1 reservoirs have been suggested during last years with limited success. Actually, the few cases of described HIV-1 functional cure are found in elite and post-treatment controllers. Thus, some patients with regular HIV progression can control replication spontaneously, most of them after receiving cART during primary HIV-1 infection. Indeed, the "Mississippi baby", who was treated 36h after birth, had sustained undetectable viremia for 27 months after treatment interruption. Recently, it has also been proven in successfully treated patients that low proviral reservoir is related to better HIV-1 control after treatment discontinuation. Thus, the identification of patients with lower latent reservoir in chronic infection will allow unveiling potential mechanisms to achieve a functional cure after cART withdrawal.

Our center in Badalona allocates a biological sample collection containing 72,000 specimens from HIV-1-infected subjects. Samples from 319 patients under suppressive cART for more than 3 years have been screened using the high sensitive BioRad droplet digital Polymerase Chain Reaction platform (ddPCR). Among the screened patients, a cohort of 20 "Low Viral Reservoir Treated" patients (LoViReT) with extremely low or undetectable HIV-1 DNA levels in peripheral blood despite having initiated cART during chronic HIV-1 infection have been established, which is expected to be increased up to 40 patients. Discovering the factors that reduce HIV reservoir and make LoViReT patients maintain extremely low levels of proviral HIV-1 DNA will open new treatment strategies based on maintaining the reservoir to the lowest levels beside the regular clinical marker of viral load. In addition, a further second step of controlled cART interruption can be designed to evaluate the real impact of harboring extremely low levels of latent reservoir for further functional HIV cure.

To unravel the mechanisms by which the LoViReT cohort maintain extremely low HIV-1 DNA levels despite having initiated cART during chronic HIV-1 infection, this cohort will be studied from different points of view. All the results will be compared to a control group of 40 individuals with standard levels of total HIV DNA (reservoir). Three mayor aims will be addressed to then extrapolate our results to larger chronic HIV-1-infected populations:

  • To investigate the role of cART on the suppression of the HIV reservoir in the LoViReT patients, compared to controls. To address this objective, a longitudinal analysis of proviral HIV DNA for each patient will be performed, including time points previous to cART. In total, 200 samples will be analyzed and dynamic models will be built for the two different levels of reservoir establishment. General immune phenotype of cellular populations, including also activation markers, will be also assessed in all time points.
  • To investigate the integrity of HIV sequences in the LoViReT patients and its relationship with pathogenesis, in comparison to controls. Genotypic HIV tropism and the full viral genome will be analyzed through sequencing from DNA of patients' Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC). Fresh blood samples will be taken from the 40 LoViReT and 40 control patients in the study. In addition, for those exerting virus production, viral isolates will be used to analyze viral replication capacity and cell pathogenesis.
  • To investigate the role of immune-genetic factors that along with cART contribute to reduce the HIV reservoirs in the LoViReT patients. Functional T-cell response will be measured isolating CD8 T cells and measuring the inhibition capacity for HIV replication in each patient. Specific HIV-related CD8 T-cell interferon production will be also evaluated under epitope stimulus. Other progression associated genetic factors as Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) type, and CCR5, CCR2 and SIGLEC-1 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) will be also explored.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
HIV-infected subjects with extremely low or undetectable HIV-1 DNA levels in peripheral blood despite having initiated cART during chronic HIV-1 infection
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ≥ 18 years of age
  • Voluntarily signed informed consent
  • Proven HIV-1 infection
  • On stable cART regimen (antiretroviral therapy consisting of at least 3 registered antiretroviral agents) for at least 3 years
  • HIV-RNA <50 copies/mL during the last 3 years prior to the study
  • Proviral HIV-DNA <50 copies/million PBMCs by using the ultrasensitive BioRad residual ddPCR quantification platform

Exclusion Criteria:

  • cART discontinuation between previous screening and Visit #1.
  • HIV-RNA above 50 copies/mL between previous screening to Visit #1
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02972931

Contacts
Contact: Judith Dalmau, PhD +34 934656374 ext 161 jdalmau@irsicaixa.es
Contact: Maria Salgado, PhD +34 934656374 ext 161 msalgado@irsicaixa.es

Locations
Spain
Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol Recruiting
Badalona, Barcelona, Spain, 08916
Contact: Judith Dalmau, PhD    0034934656374 ext 161    jdalmau@irsicaixa.es   
Contact: Maria Salgado, PhD    0034934656374 ext 161    msalgado@irsicaixa.es   
Principal Investigator: Javier Martínez-Picado, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Maria Salgado, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Judith Dalmau, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Cristina Gálvez         
Sub-Investigator: Victor Urrea, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Beatriz Mothe, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Susana Benet, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
IrsiCaixa
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Javier Martinez-Picado, PhD IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol
  More Information

Responsible Party: IrsiCaixa
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02972931     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LoViReT
Study First Received: November 17, 2016
Last Updated: May 4, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by IrsiCaixa:
HIV infection
low HIV reservoir
functional cure

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 25, 2017