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Trial record 33 of 33 for:    augmentation | "Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant"

N-Acetyl Cysteine Supplementation in Therapy Refractory Major Depressive Disorders

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02972398
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 23, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tianjin Anding Hospital

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) add-on to antidepressant medication in treating patients who do not relieve during standard antidepressant treatment for 6 weeks at least. Meanwhile, secondary outcomes will include changes in some biomarkers and on specifically local brain activity (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, fMRI) and white matter integrity (Diffusion Tensor Imaging, DTI). The hypothesis of this study is that NAC has positive effects on refractory major depressive disorder patients with increased inflammatory activity.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depressive Disorders Drug: N-acetylcysteine Drug: placebo comparator of N-acetylcysteine Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
It's a double-blind randomised placebo controlled antidepressant augmentation study with 12-week treatment and 8-week follow up. Its purpose is to investigate antidepressant efficacy and safety of NAC in patients with treatment resistant depression (TRD) defined as insufficient response to 1 or more antidepressants given for at least 6 weeks and in an adequate dose, displaying increased peripheral inflammatory activity and moderate to severe depression. Apart from studying the effects of NAC on depression severity, the secondary outcomes are to examine a range of biomarkers related to potentially important underlying mechanisms such as oxidative stress and inflammatory activity and to evaluate the effects on brain functioning (fMRI) and on white matter integrity (DTI). Scale assessments are performed in the week preceding initiation of treatment, during the treatment period, at the end of the treatment period and at 8-week follow up. Neuro-imaging is performed before the treatment starts and in week 12, before the study medication is terminated. Collection of blood and morning urine only takes place at three time points, in the week preceding initiation of treatment, closely before tapering off the study medication and at the end of 8-week follow up. This study is hoped to show that NAC perform positive effects on those aspects mentioned above.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: N-Acetyl Cysteine add-on to Antidepressant Medication in Therapy Refractory Major Depressive Disorder Patients With Increased Inflammatory Activity
Study Start Date : September 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: NAC group
Participants of "NAC group" receive 1000 mg NAC twice daily for 12 weeks as add-on to either a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or a serotonin and noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)
Drug: N-acetylcysteine
Participants of interventional group receive 1000mg N-acetylcysteine twice daily for 12 weeks.
Other Name: YiWeiShi

Placebo Comparator: Placebo group
Participants of "Placebo group" receive placebo matched with NAC twice daily for 12 weeks as add-on to either a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or a serotonin and noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)
Drug: placebo comparator of N-acetylcysteine
Participants of placebo group receive placebo comparator matching with N-acetylcysteine twice daily for 12 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The change from baseline Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD)-17 items at week2,4,6,8,10,and 12. [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 2,4,6,8,10, and 12 ]
    The main objective is to investigate whether daily oral NAC administration in addition to regular treatment with an antidepressant will alleviate the severity of MDD symptoms as measured with the HAMD-17 after 12 weeks of treatment compared to placebo addition, and we also look at other time points, such as week 2,4,6,8,and 10.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The change from baseline HAMD-17 items at week14,16,18,and 20. [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 14,16,18,and 20. ]
    We also look at whether daily oral NAC treatment will still have measurable effects on HAMD-17 score at 8 weeks follow-up after discontinuation of NAC treatment.

  2. The effects of augmentation treatment with NAC on scores in Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 4,8,12,16,and 20. ]
  3. The effects of augmentation treatment with NAC on scores in Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Self-Rated (IDS-SR) [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 4,8,12,16,and 20. ]
  4. The effects of augmentation treatment with NAC on scores in WHO Disability Assessment Schedule Ⅱ (WHODAS-Ⅱ) [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 4,8,12,16,and 20. ]
  5. The effects of augmentation treatment with NAC on scores in Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 4,8,12,16,and 20. ]
  6. The effects of augmentation treatment with NAC on local brain activity (fMRI and DTI) [ Time Frame: baseline, the end of week 12. ]
  7. The effects of augmentation treatment with NAC on a range of biomarkers representing the alleged underlying pathophysiological mechanisms [ Time Frame: baseline, the end of the week 12 and 20 ]
    biomarkers associated with inflammation, oxidative stress, and neurogenesis in sample of serum and urine.

  8. Assessments the side effects measured with Checklist of 52 Somatic Items (CSI) [ Time Frame: baseline, Week 4,8,12,16,and 20. ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • a current episode of MDD diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV-TR) diagnosed with SCID
  • an age between 18 and 65 years
  • a total score of HAMD-17 ≥ 17
  • a CRP level between 0.85 and 10 mg/L (The CRP range is based on literature values for mild to moderate chronic inflammation, while values > 10 mg/L point at acute inflammation. A pilot study at the Tianjin Hospital (n=62) indicated that approximately one third of all patients with MDD will have CRP values within this range). insufficient response to 1 or more antidepressants given for at least 6 weeks and in an adequate dose during the current episode
  • stable dose of the current antidepressant drug for at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of the study
  • Patients are allowed to use benzodiazepines (BZD) to relieve anxiety during the first phase of antidepressant treatment (Anding Hospital protocol). Benzodiazepines may also be prescribed because of sleeping problems during the trial. BZD use will be recorded at all assessments during the trial and after follow-up.
  • Patients are compliant with treatment according to the judgement of the treating clinician.
  • Female subjects will be eligible to participate in the study if they are of non-childbearing potential or of child-bearing potential and willing to practice appropriate birth control methods during the study. Clinical patients always get a pregnancy test before start of treatment.
  • Participant or guardian has to sign informed consent. The patients' guardians will sign the informed consent on behalf of the participants when the capacity of participants to consent is compromised.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A history of manic episode
  • Use of mood stabilizer
  • Use of antipsychotic medication with more than half of the maximum dosage suggested in the instruction
  • History of substance abuse or dependence
  • An allergic reaction to NAC or any component of the preparation
  • Severe somatic diseases that might interfere with regular antidepressant treatment including conditions such as kidney and liver failure, uncontrolled hypertension, cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and pulmonary disease, thyroid disease, diabetes, epilepsy and asthma.
  • Use of anti-inflammatory medication for longer than 7 days in the last two months preceding the trial
  • Use of immunosuppressive medication such as oral steroid hormones
  • History of chronic infection, such as Tuberculosis, AIDS, hepatitis
  • CRP value > 10 mg/L
  • Women in pregnancy or lactation period

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02972398


Contacts
Contact: Chenghao Yang, Master 086 13752539531 yts83420@163.com

Locations
China, Tianjin
Tianjin Anding Hospital Recruiting
Tianjin, Tianjin, China, 300222
Contact: Jie Li, Doctor    +86 022 88188006    tjlijie3827@163.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tianjin Anding Hospital

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Tianjin Anding Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02972398     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NAC-2015-TJAH
First Posted: November 23, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 25, 2018
Last Verified: November 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Tianjin Anding Hospital:
treatment resistant depression
N-Acetyl Cysteine
inflammation mediators
oxidative stress
brain imaging

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease
Depressive Disorder
Depression
Depressive Disorder, Major
Pathologic Processes
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Acetylcysteine
N-monoacetylcystine
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Serotonin and Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Expectorants
Respiratory System Agents
Free Radical Scavengers
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidotes
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents