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Investigation of Efficacy and Safety of Three Dose Levels of Subcutaneous Semaglutide Once Daily Versus Placebo in Subjects With Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02970942
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 22, 2016
Results First Posted : April 21, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 21, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S

Brief Summary:
Investigation of efficacy and safety of three dose levels of subcutaneous semaglutide once daily versus placebo in subjects with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatobiliary Disorders Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis Drug: Semaglutide Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 320 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: This Trial is Conducted Globally. The Aim of This Trial is to Investigate Efficacy and Safety of Three Dose Levels of Subcutaneous Semaglutide Once Daily Versus Placebo in Subjects With Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis
Actual Study Start Date : November 30, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 13, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : March 19, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Semaglutide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Semaglutide 0,1 mg Drug: Semaglutide
Once daily administration of semaglutide subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin) in three different doses (0.1 mg, 0.2 mg and 0.4 mg)

Experimental: Semaglutide 0,2 mg Drug: Semaglutide
Once daily administration of semaglutide subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin) in three different doses (0.1 mg, 0.2 mg and 0.4 mg)

Experimental: Semaglutide 0,4 mg Drug: Semaglutide
Once daily administration of semaglutide subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin) in three different doses (0.1 mg, 0.2 mg and 0.4 mg)

Placebo Comparator: Placebo 1 Drug: Placebo
Once daily administration subcutaneously ( s.c., under the skin)

Placebo Comparator: Placebo 2 Drug: Placebo
Once daily administration subcutaneously ( s.c., under the skin)

Placebo Comparator: Placebo 3 Drug: Placebo
Once daily administration subcutaneously ( s.c., under the skin)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Non- Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Resolution Without Worsening of Fibrosis After 72 Weeks (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: After 72 weeks ]
    NASH resolution defined by NASH clinical research network as lobular inflammation of 0 or 1 and hepatocellular ballooning reduced to 0; both criteria were necessary conditions. Hepatocellular ballooning ranges from 0-2; lobular inflammation ranges from 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation. Worsening of fibrosis defined by an increase in fibrosis at least one stage of Kleiner fibrosis classification: fibrosis stages range from 0-4, with higher scores indicating greater fibrosis (0=None, 4=Cirrhosis). Endpoint was evaluated based on data from in-trial period which started on date of randomisation visit and ended on first of following dates (both inclusive):1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Stage of Liver Fibrosis Improvement With no Worsening of NASH After 72 Weeks (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: After 72 weeks ]
    NASH resolution defined by NASH clinical research network as lobular inflammation of 0 or 1; hepatocellular ballooning reduced to 0; both criteria were necessary conditions. Hepatocellular ballooning range: 0-2; lobular inflammation range: 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe hepatocellular ballooning or lobular inflammation. Worsening of fibrosis defined by an increase in fibrosis at least one stage of Kleiner fibrosis classification: fibrosis stages range from 0-4, higher scores indicate greater fibrosis (0=None, 4=Cirrhosis). Endpoint was evaluated based on data from in-trial period which started on date of randomisation visit and ended on first of following dates (both inclusive):1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3)last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4)death.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Change in Total NAFLD (Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease) Activity Score (NAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants who had worsened, improved or had no change in total NAS from baseline to week 72 is presented. Worsening is defined as an increase of at least 1 in the NAS; Improvement is defined as a decrease of at least 1 in the NAS; while no change corresponds to no change in NAS from baseline to week 72. NAS is calculated as the sum of scores for steatosis (0 to 3), lobular inflammation (0 to 3), and hepatocyte ballooning (0 to 2). Therefore, it is assessed on a scale of 0-8, with higher scores indicating more severe disease. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Change in Steatosis [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants who had improved, worsened, or had no change in steatosis from baseline to week 72 is presented. Steatosis was assessed on a scale of 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe steatosis. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Change in Lobular Inflammation [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants who had improved, worsened, or had no change in lobular inflammation from baseline to week 72 is presented. Lobular inflammation was assessed on a scale of 0-3, with higher scores indicating more severe lobular inflammation. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Change in Hepatocyte Ballooning [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants who had improved, worsened, or had no change in hepatocyte ballooning from baseline to week 72 is presented. Hepatocyte ballooning was assessed on a scale of 0-2, with higher scores indicating more severe disease. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Change in Fibrosis Stage According to the Kleiner Fibrosis Classification [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants who had improved, worsened, or had no change in fibrosis stage from baseline to week 72 is presented. The degree of fibrosis is described by the Kleiner fibrosis staging system, ranging from F0 (absence of fibrosis), F1 (portal/perisinusoidal fibrosis), F2 (perisinusoidal and portal/periportal fibrosis), F3 (septal or bridging fibrosis) through F4 (cirrhosis). The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  7. Percentage of Participants With Change in Activity Component of Steatosis-activity-fibrosis (SAF) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants who had improved, worsened, or had no change in the activity component of the SAF score from baseline to week 72 is presented. SAF score was assessed on a scale of 0-4, with higher scores indicating more severe disease. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  8. Change in Fibrosis-4 Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in fibrosis-4 score is presented as ratio to baseline. Fibrosis-4 is the ratio of age in years and aminotransferase to platelet count. It is a non-invasive hepatic fibrosis index score combining standard biochemical values, platelets, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), AST and age that is calculated using formula: Fibrosis-4 = (Age [years] x AST [U/L]) / (platelets [10^9/L] x (square root of ALT [U/L])). A Fibrosis-4 index of < 1.45 indicated no or moderate fibrosis and an index of > 3.25 indicated extensive fibrosis/cirrhosis. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  9. Change in NAFLD Fibrosis Score (NFS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in NFS from baseline to week 72 is presented. NFS is calculated using formula: NFS = -1.675 + 0.037 * age (years) + 0.094 * body mass index (BMI) (kg/m^2) + 1.13 * hyperglycaemia (yes/no) + 0.99 * Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/ Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio + 0.013 × platelet count (*10^9/L) - 0.66 * albumin (g/dL). The score is used to classify the probability of fibrosis. A score a) < -1.5 indicates a low probability, b) > -1.5 to < 0.67 indicates intermediate probability, and a score of c) > 0.67 indicates a high probability of liver fibrosis. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  10. Change in Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in ALT (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  11. Change in Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in AST (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  12. Change in Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in GGT (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  13. Change in Albumin [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in albumin (measured as grams per deciliter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  14. Change in International Normalized Ratio (INR) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in INR is presented as ratio to baseline. INR is the ratio of measured prothrombin time over normal prothrombin time and it evaluates the extrinsic coagulation pathway (vitamin K dependent clotting factors II; V, VII, IX and X). These clotting factors are synthesised in the liver, thus INR is used as a marker of liver synthesis function. The therapeutic INR range varies, most commonly an INR 2-3 goal, but ranging from 1.5-4.0. Bleeding complications are more likely to occur above an INR value of 4.0. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  15. Change in Enhanced Liver Fibrosis (ELF) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in ELF from baseline to week 72 is presented. The ELF discriminant score was derived as a log-linear combination of the markers hyaluronic acid (HA), amino-terminal propeptide of type III collagen (PIIINP) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1). ELF score = -7.412 + 0.681 × ln(HA (nanograms per millilitre (ng/mL)) + 0.775 × ln(P3NP (ng/mL)) + 0.494 × ln(TIMP1 (ng/mL)). ELF score: a) < 7.7: no to mild fibrosis; b) ≥ 7.7 - < 9.8: Moderate fibrosis; c) ≥ 9.8 - < 11.3: Severe fibrosis; d) ≥ 11.3: Cirrhosis. A negative change from baseline indicates decreased fibrosis. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  16. Change in Cytokeratin 18 (CK-18) Fragments [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in CK-18 fragments (M30, M65) (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  17. Change in microRNA 122 (miR-122) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in miR-122 (measured as 1/microliter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  18. Change in Interleukin-1 Receptor (IL-1R) Antagonist [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) antagonist (measured as picograms per milliliter) antagonist is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  19. Change in Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein 1 (MCP-1) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in MCP-1 (measured as picograms per milliliter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  20. Change in Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (FGF-21) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in FGF-21 (measured as picograms per milliliter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  21. Change in Liver Stiffness Assessed by FibroScan® [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in liver stiffness (measured as kilopascal (kPa)) assessed by FibroScan® is presented as ratio to baseline. FibroScan® is a specialized ultrasound machine for the liver. It measures fibrosis (scarring) by measuring the stiffness of the liver. It's normally between 2 and 6 kPa. Many people with liver disease(s) have a result that's higher than the normal range. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  22. Change in Liver Steatosis Assessed by FibroScan® [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in liver steatosis assessed by FibroScan® from baseline to week 72 is presented. FibroScan® is a specialized ultrasound machine for the liver. It measures fibrosis (scarring) and steatosis (fatty change) in the liver. Fatty change is fat building up in the liver cells. To assess liver steatosis, the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP; giving an estimate of ultrasound attenuation ∼3.5 MegaHertz (MHz)) is available with the M probe of the FibroScan. The CAP score is measured in decibels per meter (dB/m). It ranges from 100 to 400 dB/m, with higher scores indicating higher amount of liver with fatty change. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  23. Percentage of Participants With Weight Loss of ≥ 5% of Baseline Body Weight at 72 Weeks (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: Week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with weight loss of greater than or equal to (≥) 5% of baseline body weight at 72 weeks is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death. In the below table, 'Yes' infers percentage of participants who have achieved ≥ 5% weight loss; 'No' infers percentage of participants who have not achieved ≥ 5% weight loss at 72 weeks and 'Missing' refers to percentage of participants with data missing due to different reasons (lost to follow-up, withdrawal).

  24. Percentage of Participants With Weight Loss of ≥ 10% of Baseline Body Weight at 72 Weeks (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: Week 72 ]
    Pentage of participants with weight loss of ≥ 10% of baseline body weight at 72 weeks is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death. In the below table, 'Yes' infers percentage of participants who have achieved ≥ 10% weight loss; 'No' infers percentage of participants who have not achieved ≥ 10% weight loss at 72 weeks and 'Missing' refers to percentage of participants with data missing due to different reasons (lost to follow-up, withdrawal).

  25. Change in Body Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in body weight from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  26. Change in Waist Circumference [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in waist circumference from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  27. Change in Body Mass Index (BMI) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in BMI from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  28. Change in Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) (%-Point) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in HbA1c (measured as percentage point of HbA1c) from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  29. Change in HbA1c (Millimoles Per Mole) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in HbA1c from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  30. Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in FPG from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  31. Change in Fasting Glucagon [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in fasting glucagon (measured as picograms per milliliter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  32. Change in Homeostatic Model Assessment - Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in HOMA-IR is presented as ratio to baseline. HOMA-IR was calculated as: Insulin resistance (%) = fasting plasma glucose [mmol/L] x fasting insulin [mmol/L]/ 22.5. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  33. Change in Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Blood pressure was measured in a sitting position after 5 minutes of rest. Change in DBP from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  34. Change in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Blood pressure was measured in a sitting position after 5 minutes of rest. Change in SBP from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  35. Change in Total Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in total cholesterol (measured as millimoles per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  36. Change in Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in LDL cholesterol (measured as millimoles per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  37. Change in High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in HDL cholesterol (measured as millimoles per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  38. Change in Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in VLDL cholesterol (measured as millimoles per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  39. Change in Triglycerides [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in triglycerides (measured as millimoles per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  40. Change in Free Fatty Acids [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in free fatty acids (measured as millimoles per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  41. Change in High Sensitivity C-reactive Protein (hsCRP) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in hsCRP (measured as milligram per liter) from baseline to week 72 is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  42. Change in Short Form 36 (SF-36) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in SF-36 score from baseline to week 72 is presented. SF-36 measures participant's overall health related quality of life (HRQoL). It is a 36-item generic measure of health status and yields 2 summary scores for physical health and mental health, and 8 domain scores (physical functioning, role functioning, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role emotional, mental health). The scores 0-100 (where higher scores indicates a better HRQoL) from the SF-36 were converted to norm-based scores to enable a direct interpretation in relation to the distribution of scores in the 2009 U.S. general population. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  43. Number of Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    An adverse event (AE) was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical trial participant administered or using a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or usage. All AEs reported here are TEAEs. TEAE is defined as an event that had onset date during the on-treatment period. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  44. Number of Treatment-emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Hypoglycaemic episode (blood glucose less than or equal to (<=) 3.9 mmol/L (70 mg/dL) Or greater than (>) 3.9 mmol/L (70 mg/dL) occurring in conjunction with hypoglycaemic symptoms) is defined as treatment emergent if the onset of the episode occurs during the on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  45. Number of Treatment-emergent Severe or Blood Glucose (BG)-Confirmed Symptomatic Hypoglycaemic Episodes [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic hypoglycaemia: episode, severe as per american diabetes association (ADA) classification or BG confirmed by plasma glucose value < 3.1 mmol/L(56mg/dL) with symptoms along with hypoglycaemia. Severe hypoglycaemia: episode requiring assistance of other person to actively administer carbohydrate, glucagon, or take corrective actions. Plasma glucose concentrations may not be available during event, but neurological recovery following return of plasma glucose to normal is sufficient evidence that event was induced by low plasma glucose concentration. Hypoglycaemic episode is treatment emergent if onset of it occurs during on-treatment period: period starting on day of first administration of trial product and ending on day of last dose of trial product+7 days; except for evaluation of AEs; hypoglycaemic episodes for which period ended on date of whatever came first:last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); end of in-trial period.

  46. Number of Treatment-emergent Severe Hypoglycaemic Episodes [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Severe hypoglycaemia: An episode requiring assistance of another person to actively administer carbohydrate, glucagon, or take other corrective actions. Plasma glucose concentrations may not be available during an event, but neurological recovery following the return of plasma glucose to normal is considered sufficient evidence that the event was induced by a low plasma glucose concentration. Hypoglycaemic episode is defined as treatment emergent if the onset of the episode occurs during the on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  47. Number of Participants Discontinuing Treatment Due to Gastrointestinal Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Number of participants discontinuing treatment due to gastrointestinal adverse events is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  48. Number of Participants With Occurrence of Anti-semaglutide Antibodies During and After 72 Weeks Treatment (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Number of participants with occurrence of anti-semaglutide antibodies during and after 72 weeks treatment is presented. In the below table, 'Yes' infers number of participants with occurrence of anti-semaglutide antibodies and 'No' infers number of participants without anti-semaglutide antibodies during and after 72 weeks treatment. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  49. Number of Participants With Anti-semaglutide Antibodies With in Vitro Neutralising Effect During and After 72 Weeks Treatment (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Number of participants with anti-semaglutide antibodies with in vitro neutralising effect during and after 72 weeks treatment is presented. In the below table, 'Yes' infers number of participants with anti-semaglutide antibodies with in vitro neutralising effect and 'No' infers number of participants without anti-semaglutide antibodies with in vitro neutralising effect during and after 72 weeks treatment. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  50. Number of Participants With Anti-semaglutide Binding Antibodies Cross Reacting With Native GLP-1 During and After 72 Weeks Treatment (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Number of participants with anti-semaglutide binding antibodies cross reacting with native glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) during and after 72 weeks treatment is presented. In the below table, 'Yes' infers number of participants with anti-semaglutide antibodies cross reacting with native GLP-1 and 'No' infers number of participants without anti-semaglutide antibodies cross reacting with native GLP-1 during and after 72 weeks treatment. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  51. Number of Participants With Cross-reacting Anti-semaglutide Binding Antibodies With in Vitro Neutralising Effect to Native GLP-1 During and After 72 Weeks Treatment (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: From week 0 to week 79 ]
    Number of participants with cross-reacting anti-semaglutide binding antibodies with in vitro neutralising effect to native GLP-1 during and after 72 weeks treatment is presented. In the below table, 'Yes' infers number of participants with cross-reacting anti-semaglutide binding antibodies with in vitro neutralising effect to native GLP-1 and 'No' infers number of participants without cross-reacting anti-semaglutide binding antibodies with in vitro neutralising effect to native GLP-1 during and after 72 weeks treatment. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from in-trial period which started on the date of the randomisation visit and ended on the first of the following dates (both inclusive): 1) follow-up visit (Week 79); 2) withdrawal of consent; 3) last contact with participant (for participants lost to follow-up); 4) death.

  52. Change in Pulse From Baseline to Week 72 [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in pulse from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  53. Percentage of Participants With Change in Electrocardiogram (ECG) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    A 12-lead ECG was performed at baseline (week 0) and week 72 and categorised as normal, abnormal and not clinically significant (abnormal NCS) or abnormal and clinically significant (abnormal CS). Percentage of participants in each ECG category at week 0 and week 72 are presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  54. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Cardiovascular System [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (cardiovascular system) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  55. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Central and Peripheral Nervous System [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (central and peripheral nervous system) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  56. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Gastrointestinal System Including Mouth [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (gastrointestinal system including mouth) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  57. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: General Appearance [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (general appearance) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  58. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Head, Ears, Eyes, Nose, Throat, Neck [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (head, ears, eyes, nose, throat, neck) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  59. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Lymph Node Palpation [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (lymph node palpation) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  60. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Musculoskeletal System [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (musculoskeletal system) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  61. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Respiratory System [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (respiratory system) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  62. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Skin [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (skin) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  63. Percentage of Participants With Change in Physical Examination: Thyroid Gland [ Time Frame: Week -6, week 72 ]
    Percentage of participants with change in physical examination (thyroid gland) from week -6 to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  64. Change in Haematocrit [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in haematocrit from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  65. Change in Haemoglobin (g/dL) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in haemoglobin from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  66. Change in Haemoglobin (mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in haemoglobin from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  67. Change in Leukocytes [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in leukocytes from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  68. Change in Thrombocytes [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in thrombocytes from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  69. Change in Erythrocytes [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in erythrocytes from baseline to week 72 is presented. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  70. Change in Creatinine (mg/dL) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in creatinine (measured as milligram per deciliter (mg/dL)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  71. Change in Creatinine (Umol/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in creatinine (measured as micro mole per liter (umol/L)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  72. Change in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in eGFR (measured as milliliter/minute/1.732 meter square (mL/min/1.73 m^2)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  73. Change in Creatine Kinase [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in creatine kinase (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  74. Change in Urea [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in urea (measured as milli mole per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  75. Change in Total Bilirubin (mg/dL) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in total bilirubin (measured as milligram per deciliter (mg/dL)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  76. Change in Total Bilirubin (Umol/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in total bilirubin (measured as micromole per liter (umol/L)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  77. Change in Alkaline Phosphatase [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in alkaline phosphatase (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  78. Change in Ferritin [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in ferritin (measured as microgram per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  79. Change in Sodium (mEq/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in sodium (measured as milli equivalent per liter (mEq/L)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  80. Change in Sodium (mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in sodium (measured as milli mole per liter (mmol/L)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  81. Change in Potassium (mEq/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in potassium (measured as mEq/L) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  82. Change in Potassium (mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in potassium (measured as mmol/L) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  83. Change in Calcium (mg/dL) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in calcium (measured as milligram per deciliter (mg/dL)) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  84. Change in Calcium (mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in calcium (measured as mmol/L) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  85. Change in Amylase [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in amylase (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  86. Change in Lipase [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in lipase (measured as units per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.

  87. Change in Calcitonin [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), Week 72 ]
    Change in calcitonin (measured as nanograms per liter) is presented as ratio to baseline. The endpoint was evaluated based on the data from on-treatment period. On-treatment period: the period starting on the date of first administration of trial product and ending on the date of the last dose of trial product +7 days; except for the evaluation of AEs and hypoglycaemic episodes for which the period ended on the date of whatever came first: 1) last dose of trial product + 49 days (7 half-lives of semaglutide); 2) end of the in-trial period.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
Inclusion Criteria: - Informed consent obtained before any trial-related activities. Trial-related activities are any procedures that are carried out as part of the trial, including activities to determine suitability for the trial except for protocol described pre-screening activities which require a separate informed consent. - Male or female, aged 18-75 years (both inclusive) (for Japan: male or female aged 20-75 years (both inclusive)) at the time of signing informed consent - Local histological diagnosis of NASH followed by histological confirmation of NASH based on central pathologist evaluation of a liver biopsy obtained up to 21 weeks before screening - Histologic evidence of NASH based on central pathologist evaluation of a liver biopsy obtained up to 21 weeks before screening. - NASH fibrosis stage 1, 2 or 3 according to the NASH CRN fibrosis staging system based on central pathologist evaluation Exclusion Criteria: - Known or suspected abuse of alcohol (above 20 g/day for women or above 30 g/day for men), alcohol dependence* or narcotics. (* = assessed by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT questionnaire)) - Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes according to medical records - HbA1c above 10% at screening - History or presence of pancreatitis (acute or chronic) - Calcitonin equal or above 50 ng/L at screening - Family or personal history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 or medullary thyroid carcinoma. Family is defined as a first degree relative - Body Mass Index (BMI) ≤ 25.0 kg/sqm at the screening visit (visit 1) - Female who is pregnant, breast-feeding or intends to become pregnant or is of childbearing potential and not using an adequate contraceptive method (adequate contraceptive measures as required by local regulation or practice)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02970942


Locations
Show Show 158 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 9, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 27, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02970942    
Other Study ID Numbers: NN9931-4296
2016-000685-39 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1179-7464 ( Other Identifier: WHO )
First Posted: November 22, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 21, 2021
Last Update Posted: April 21, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: According to Novo Nordisk disclosure commitment on novonordisk.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fatty Liver
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases