Avelumab With Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy in Adults With Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (IDH) Mutant Glioblastoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02968940|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 21, 2016
Results First Posted : June 29, 2022
Last Update Posted : June 29, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Glioblastoma||Biological: Avelumab Radiation: Hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT)||Phase 2|
The active pharmaceutical ingredient in Avelumab (MSB0010718C) is a fully human antibody of the immunoglobulin gamma-1 (IgG1) isotype that specifically targets and blocks the Programmed death-ligand 1(PD-L1) for Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1).
Avelumab binds PD-L1 and blocks the interaction between PD-L1 and PD-1. This removes the suppressive effects of PD-L1 on anti-tumor cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8)+ T cells, resulting in the restoration of cytotoxic T cell response.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||6 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase II, Open-label, Single Arm, Multicenter Study of Avelumab With Hypofractionated Radiation in Adult Subjects With Transformed IDH Mutant Glioblastoma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 17, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 29, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 29, 2019|
Experimental: Avelumab and hypofractionated radiation therapy(HFRT)
Avelumab 10 mg/kg intravenously (IV) every 2 weeks
Other Name: MSB0010718C
Radiation: Hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT)
Hypofractionated radiation therapy to a total dose of 30 Gy, delivered in 6 Gy per fraction for 5 consecutive daily fractions
- Number of Dose Limiting Toxicities [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]Subjects are evaluable for DLTs (defined in section 22.214.171.124) if they have received at least one dose of Avelumab, have completed HFRT per protocol and have completed safety assessments over the entire DLT evaluation period (days 1 through 28).
- Median Progression-free Survival (PFS6) [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]PFS, defined as the time between treatment initiation and first occurrence of disease progression or death, will be censored at last follow-up if the patient remained alive without disease progression
- Median Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Month 12 ]OS will be determined from the time of treatment initiation until the time of death, with OS being censored at last follow-up if the patient remained alive
- Median Progression-free Survival (PFS12) [ Time Frame: Month 12 ]PFS, defined as the time between treatment initiation and first occurrence of disease progression or death, will be censored at last follow-up if the patient remained alive without disease progression
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Male or female subjects aged ≥18 years.
- Documentation of IDH1 or IDH2 mutation in any tumor specimen.
- Pathologic evidence (either diagnostic pathology slides or pathology report) of a diagnosis of WHO grade II or III glioma prior to treatment with temozolomide or PCV chemotherapy.
- Histopathological evidence of glioblastoma (WHO grade IV) on a progressive tumor specimen after treatment with temozolomide or PCV chemotherapy. The diagnosis of glioblastoma must be confirmed on central review by a study-designated neuropathologist at NYULMC at screening.
Exceptions to this eligibility include the following:
a. Any progressive glioma with IDH1 or IDH2 mutation, regardless of WHO grade, histopathological diagnosis, or prior therapy, will be eligible if the progressive tumor specimen is found to have one of the genetic alterations below:
- ≥20 somatic mutations per Mb by whole-exome sequencing
- High mutation burden or microsatellite instability (MSI) identified by Foundation Medicine panel next-generation sequencing (FoundationOne®, FoundationOne CDx™). Foundation Medicine's threshold for high mutation burden (HMB) in their panel NGS assays is ≥20 somatic mutations per Mb. Foundation Medicine's panel NGS assay has been validated by whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing to correlate tightly with tumor mutation burden (R2 = 0.94).96
- Mutation in a mismatch repair gene or other genes known to be associated with hypermutator phenotypes or microsatellite instability, including but not limited to MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, POLE, PMS2, POLD as determined by validated methods.
Microsatellite instability as identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or other validated methods.
b. Progressive oligodendroglioma (with 1p/19q codeletion) that has hallmark histopathological features of glioblastoma (i.e. necrosis, pseudopalisading necrosis, or microvascular proliferation) is eligible as IDH1/2 mutant, 1p/19q codeleted oligodendrogliomas that have progressed after chemotherapy have been shown to develop hypermutation phenotype.
- Availability of a paraffin-embedded or frozen tumor-tissue block with a minimum of 1 cm2 of tumor surface area from a tissue specimen that demonstrates pathological transformation to glioblastoma (WHO grade IV) or a progressive specimen that harbors one of the genetic alterations specified in Inclusion Criteria 4a. a. If a tumor block cannot be submitted, then 20 unstained slides (preferably 10 slides from two different tumor blocks from the same surgery) from the tumor specimen must be submitted.
- Patients must have had treatment with temozolomide, lomustine (CCNU) or PCV [procarbazine, lomustine (CCNU), vincristine] chemotherapy prior to histopathologic transformation to glioblastoma or prior to identification of one of the genetic alterations specified in Inclusion
Criteria 4a. Notes or records from the treating oncologist are required for documentation of treatment history. Prior treatment with at least one of the following chemotherapy schedules is required to be eligible:
- At least one 6 week course of continuous daily temozolomide
At least six 28-day cycles given in one of the following schedules:
- Daily for 5 days of a 28-day cycle
- Daily for 21 days of a 28-day cycle
- Daily for 14 days of a 28-day cycle
- Alternating 7 days on/7 days per 28-day cycle
- Continuous daily dosing of a 28-day cycle.
- Other schedules of temozolomide may be considered after discussion with the overall Principal Investigator.
At least 3 cycles of PCV or lomustine (CCNU) chemotherapy. 7. Patients who received anti-tumor therapy after histopathologic transformation to glioblastoma must have shown unequivocal radiographic evidence of tumor progression by contrast-enhanced MRI scan (or CT scan if MRI is contraindicated).
8. Patients must have had prior CNS radiotherapy for their glioma, including standard doses for lowgrade or high-grade glioma as well as non-standard dose and fractionation, including hypofractionated regimens, stereotactic radiosurgery, etc.
9. Patients can have had any number of prior therapies, including but not limited to molecularly targeted therapies and anti-angiogenic therapies, however they must have had prior chemotherapy with either temozolomide or lomustine as per Eligibility Criteria 6.
10. Karnofsky performance status of ≥60. 11. Interval of at least 6 months from the completion of any prior radiotherapy and registration. If patients have not passed an interval of at least 6 months, they may still be eligible if they meet one or more of the following criteria:
a. New areas of tumor outside the original radiotherapy fields as determined by the investigator, or b. Histologic confirmation of tumor through biopsy or resection, or c. Nuclear medicine imaging, MR spectroscopy, or MR perfusion imaging consistent with true progressive disease, rather than pseudoprogression or radiation necrosis obtained within 28 days of registration AND an interval of at least 90 days between completion of radiotherapy and registration.
12. The following time periods must have elapsed prior to start of study treatment, the following time periods must have elapsed:
- 5 half-lives from any investigational agent
- 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days for temozolomide and 6 weeks from nitrosoureas)
- 6 weeks from antibodies
- Prior treatment with other immune modulating agents within fewer than 4 weeks prior to the first dose of Avelumab. 1. Examples of immune modulating agents include blockers of CTLA-4, 4-1BB (CD137), OX-40, therapeutic vaccines, or cytokine treatments.
4 weeks (or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter) from other anti-tumor therapies.
13. An interval of at least 2 weeks (to start of study agent) between prior surgical resection or one week for stereotactic biopsy.
14. Adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function defined by absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 x 109/L, hemoglobin >9 g/dL, platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L (may have been transfused), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), total bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN, and estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 30 mL/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula or local institutional standard method.
15. Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) and men able to father a child must agree to use highly effective contraception while on study drug and for 30 days after the last dose of Avelumab. WOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test within 28 days of initiation of dosing.
Highly effective contraceptive measures include: stable use of oral contraceptives such as combined estrogen and progestogen and progestogen only hormonal contraception or other prescription pharmaceutical contraceptives for 2 or more menstrual cycles prior to screening; intrauterine device [IUD]; intrauterine hormone-releasing system (IUS); bilateral tubal ligation; vasectomy and sexual abstinence.
- Contraception is not required for men with documented vasectomy.
- Postmenopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months in order not to be considered of childbearing potential.
Pregnancy testing and contraception are not required for women with documented hysterectomy or tubal ligation.
16. Willing to and capable of providing written informed consent prior to any study related procedures.
17. Ability and willingness to comply with all study requirements, including scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study-related procedures.
- Investigational drug use within 28 days of the first dose of Avelumab.
- Planned participation in another study of an investigational agent or investigational device or use of a therapeutic device intended for therapy of glioma.
- Prior therapy with an agent that blocks the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway.
- Primary brainstem or spinal cord tumor.
- Diffuse leptomeningeal disease at recurrence
- Recurrent infratentorial tumor
- Prior re-irradiation or stereotactic radiosurgery for recurrent disease at the same tumor location intended for HFRT in this study.
- Maximal tumor diameter >4 cm
Patients with evidence of significant intracranial mass effect that requires >4 mg of dexamethasone or bioequivalent per day for 5 consecutive days for management of symptoms at any time within 14 days of registration.
- Subjects on a standard high-dose steroid taper after craniotomy may receive a higher dose of corticosteroids within 14 days of registration, however must be at a dose ≤4 mg of dexamethasone or bioequivalent per day within 5 days prior to registration.
- Administration of steroids through a route known to result in a minimal systemic exposure [i.e., intranasal, intraocular, inhaled, topical, or local injection (e.g., intra-articular injection) corticosteroids (<5% of body surface area)] are permitted.
- Subjects requiring hormone replacement with corticosteroids are eligible if the steroids are at doses ≤ 10 mg prednisone or bioequivalent per day.
- Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication) are allowed.
Active autoimmune disease that might deteriorate when receiving an immuno-stimulatory agent. The following are not exclusions:
a. Patients with diabetes type I, vitiligo, hypo- or hyperthyroid diseases, or psoriasis not requiring systemic immunosuppressive treatment are eligible.
- Prior organ transplantation, including allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
- Known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis within the last 5 years.
- Known prior, severe hypersensitivity (NCI-CTCAE v4.03 Grade 3 or 4) to investigational product or any component in its formulations including known severe hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies, any history of anaphylaxis, or uncontrolled asthma (that is, 3 or more features of partially controlled asthma).
- Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
- Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
- Positive test for Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus (HCV antibody) at screening indicating acute or chronic infection.
- Vaccination within 4 weeks of the first dose of avelumab and while on trials is prohibited except for administration of inactivated vaccines. Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.
- Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke (< 6 months prior to enrollment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (≥ New York Heart Association Classification Class II), or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication.
- Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy of Grade >1 NCI-CTCAE v 4.03; however, alopecia and sensory neuropathy Grade ≤ 2, or other Grade ≤ 2 not constituting a safety risk based on investigator's judgment, are acceptable.
- Patients with another active cancer [excluding basal cell carcinoma, cervical carcinoma in situ or melanoma in situ]. Prior history of other cancer is allowed, as long as there was no active disease within the prior 2 years.
- Pregnant or breastfeeding (negative serum or urine pregnancy test required for women of childbearing potential), or unable to maintain use of contraception while on study and for 30 days after the last dose of Avelumab.
- Known alcohol or drug abuse
- All other unstable, severe, or chronic medical conditions including immune colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, immune pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis or psychiatric conditions including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior; or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.
- Any condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02968940
|United States, California|
|University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|UCSF Medical Center|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94143|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|United States, New York|
|Laura & Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center & NYU Langone Medical Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10016|
|Principal Investigator:||Sylvia Kurz, MD||NYU Perlmutter Cancer Center|
Documents provided by NYU Langone Health:
|Responsible Party:||NYU Langone Health|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||November 21, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||June 29, 2022|
|Last Update Posted:||June 29, 2022|
|Last Verified:||June 2022|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)
Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)
Hypofractionated Radiotherapy (HFRT)
Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological