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Study in Which Therapy is Either Switched to Nivolumab After 3 Months of Treatment or Therapy is Continued With a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) and Disease Control (NIVOSWITCH)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02959554
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AIO-Studien-gGmbH

Brief Summary:
This study aims to assess the survival benefit from an early switch approach from sunitinib or pazopanib (10-12 weeks of 1st-line therapy) to nivolumab (anti-angiogenic to immunotherapy switch).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Sunitinib Drug: Pazopanib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, open-label, phase II trial. Patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) will be randomized into two arms either receiving Nivolumab or continuation of the Tyrosin Kinase Inhibitor (TKI) treatment that they have received as 1st-line therapy.

Patients must have received first line therapy with a VEGFR-TKI (Sunitinib or Pazopanib) prior to study inclusion for 10-12 weeks with documented disease control (PR/SD) according to RECIST 1.1 at time of study entry.

Eligible patients will be randomized 1:1 either in the Nivolumab or in the TKI arm.

Dosage of Nivolumab: 240 mg i.v. on D1 of every cycle (Q2W) for 16 weeks. After 16 weeks 480 mg i.v. on D1 of every cycle (Q4W) until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study.

Dosage of Sunitinib: According to Standard of Care (SOC). Recommended dose is 50 mg p.o. once daily for 4 consecutive weeks followed by a 2-week rest period (schedule 4/2) to comprise a complete cycle of 6 weeks (until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study.).

Dosage of Pazopanib: According to Standard of Care (SOC). Recommended dose is 800 mg p.o. daily continuously (until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study.).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 244 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study With NIVOlumab or Continuation of Therapy as an Early SWITCH Approach in Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) and Disease Control After 3 Months of Treatment With a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor
Actual Study Start Date : December 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab (A)
Nivolumab: 240 mg i.v. on D1 of every cycle (Q2W) for 16 weeks. After 16 weeks 480 mg i.v. on D1 of every cycle (Q4W) until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study.
Drug: Nivolumab
240 mg i.v. on D1 of every cycle (Q2W) for 16 weeks. After 16 weeks 480 mg i.v. on D1 of every cycle (Q4W) until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study.
Other Name: Opdivo

Active Comparator: TKI (B)
Sunitinib: According to Standard of Care (SOC). Recommended dose is 50 mg p.o. once daily for 4 consecutive weeks followed by a 2-week rest period (schedule 4/2) to comprise a complete cycle of 6 weeks (until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study) or Pazopanib: According to Standard of Care (SOC). Recommended dose is 800 mg p.o. daily continuously (until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study)
Drug: Sunitinib
According to Standard of Care (SOC). Recommended dose is 50 mg p.o. once daily for 4 consecutive weeks followed by a 2-week rest period (schedule 4/2) to comprise a complete cycle of 6 weeks (until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study).
Other Name: Sutent

Drug: Pazopanib
According to Standard of Care (SOC). Recommended dose is 800 mg p.o. daily continuously (until disease progress, intolerable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or end of study).
Other Name: Votrient




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 128 of events in max. 72 months ]
    Efficacy measure


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best overall response rate [ Time Frame: From start of 1st line until disease progression or death of last patient (max. 72 months) ]
    Best overall response (PR+CR) throughout the 1st-line treatment according to RECIST 1.1

  2. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 72 months ]

    PFS time of randomization to death from any caused OS

    From start of 1st line TKI therapy


  3. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: From randomization until disease progression or death of last patient (max. 72 months) ]
    Health related-Quality of Life (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Kidney Symptom Index (FKSI) FKSI-15 score and changes in the FKSI-15 score.

  4. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: From randomization until disease progression or death of last patient (max. 72 months) ]
    Proportion of subjects with increase from baseline in FKSI-15 (MID 3 points)

  5. Safety - Absolute and relative frequencies of emergent adverse events according to CTCAE 4.03 [ Time Frame: From randomization until 100 days after end of treatment of last patient (post last dose). ]
    Adverse Events (AEs) / Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) / Treatment Emergent Adverse Events according to CTCAE 4.03



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent and any locally-required authorization (EU Data Privacy Directive in the EU) obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations.
  • Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
  • Age ≥ 18 years at time of study entry
  • Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2.
  • Metastatic or locally advanced RCC with clear cell component, not amenable to surgery with curative intention.
  • First-line treatment with a TKI for 10-12 weeks (limited to sunitinib or pazopanib).
  • Patients with measurable disease (at least one uni-dimensionally measurable target lesion by CT-scan or MRI) according to modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1). If prior palliative radiotherapy to metastatic lesions: ≥ 1 measurable lesion that has not been irradiated. Patients with bone lesions as the only measurable lesion are eligible, provided that lesions consist of soft tissue, which is assessed via CT or MRI.
  • Documented partial response or stable disease to first-line TKI exposure at 10-12 weeks.
  • Prior therapies other than indicated in the exclusion criteria and surgeries are allowed if completed 4 weeks (for minor surgery and palliative radiotherapy for bone pain: 2 weeks) prior to start of treatment and patient recovered from toxic effects.
  • Adequate blood count, liver-enzymes, and renal function (obtained no later than 14 days prior to start of study treatment):

White Blood Cells (WBC) ≥ 2000/μL

Neutrophils ≥ 1500/μL

Platelets ≥ 100 x10^3/μL

Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL

Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x Upper limit of normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):

Female CrCl = ((140-age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85)/(72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)

Male CrCl=((140-age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00)/(72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)/Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN

Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)

  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of nivolumab.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic) men do not require contraception.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior systemic therapy other than 10-12 weeks SOC TKI treatment for advanced or metastatic RCC.
  • Standard of care 1st-line TKI treatment for advanced or metastatic RCC for longer than 12 weeks.
  • Complete remission (CR) or progression during SOC TKI 1st-line treatment.
  • Termination of first-line treatment with TKI due to intolerance
  • Previous malignancy (other than renal cell cancer), requiring active treatment or diagnosed in metastatic state. Basal cell cancer of the skin, pre-invasive cancer of the cervix, T1a prostate carcinoma or superficial bladder tumor [Ta, Tis and T1] are exempted.
  • Brain metastases mandating active treatment. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if metastases have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for 4 weeks after treatment is completed and within 28 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab administration. There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration.
  • Prior therapy with anti-tumor vaccines or other immuno-stimulatory antitumor agents.
  • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks of start of therapy
  • Any previous treatment with a an anti-Programmed Cell Death 1 protein (anti-PD-1), anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated protein (anti-CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
  • Subjects must have recovered from the effects of major surgery or significant traumatic injury at least 14 days before the first dose of study treatment.
  • Patients should be excluded if they have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Note: Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. NOTE: Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  • Known chronic infection (i.e. hepatitis B or C, HIV)
  • Patients should be excluded if they have been positively tested for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection.
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or a known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody or any constituent of the product.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses including any subject known to have a psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent
  • Uncontrolled severe hypertension (failure of diastolic blood pressure to fall below 95 mmHg under adequate medication)
  • Current cardiac events such as arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, Congestive heart failure (CHF), apoplexy, lung embolism
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or other risk for pneumonitis
  • History of allogeneic solid organ or tissue transplant including allogeneic hematopoetic stem cell transplantation
  • Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control (failure rate of less than 1% per year)
  • Any other serious or uncontrolled medical disorder, active infection, physical exam finding, laboratory finding, altered mental status, or psychiatric condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit a subject's ability to comply with the study requirements, substantially increase risk to the subject, or impact the interpretability of study results.
  • Previous enrollment or randomization in the present study. (Not applicable to screening failures)
  • Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) staff and/or staff of sponsor and study site)
  • Patient who might be dependent on the sponsor, site or the investigator.
  • Patients who are unable to consent because they do not understand the nature, significance and implications of the clinical trial and therefore cannot form a rational intention in the light of the facts [§ 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 3a Arzneimittelgesetz (AMG)].
  • Patient who has been incarcerated or involuntarily institutionalized by court order or by the authorities § 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 4 AMG.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02959554


Locations
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Austria
Medizinische Universität Wien - Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin I, Klinische Abteilung für Onkologie
Wien, Austria, 1090
Germany
Universitätsklinikum Essen (AöR) - Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie / Kinderurologie und Uroonkologie
Essen, Germany, 45147
Sponsors and Collaborators
AIO-Studien-gGmbH
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Viktor Grünwald, Prof.Dr. Coordinating Investigator

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: AIO-Studien-gGmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02959554     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AIO-NZK-0116ass.
CA209-443 ( Other Identifier: Bristol-Myers Squibb )
First Posted: November 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by AIO-Studien-gGmbH:
Advanced
Metastatic
RCC
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Nivolumab
Sunitinib
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action