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A Comparison of the Safety, PD and PK of a Single Dose of SYN023 Administered With Licensed Rabies Vaccines (RabiesMab)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02956746
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 7, 2016
Results First Posted : February 27, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
inVentiv Health Clinical
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Synermore Biologics Co., Ltd.

Brief Summary:
This is single site, randomized, blinded comparison of the immunogenicity, of Imovax (RVi) and Rabavert (RVa) rabies vaccines when subjects are administered rabies immune globulin (RIG) or SYN023. Subjects will be randomized into one of four dose groups: RVi + SYN023, RVi+RIG, RVa+SYN023 and RVa+RIG. The initial dose of RVi and RVa will be co-administered with either RIG or SYN023). Rabies virus neutralizing activity (RVNA) and blood levels of SYN023 will be measured for the remainder of the trial while the rest of the five RVi and RVa doses are given. The study will last 112 days. SYN023 concentrations and anti-SYN023 antibodies will also be measured.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Human Rabies Biological: SYN023 Biological: Imovax Biological: RabAvert Biological: HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Administered immunoglobulins directed against vaccine antigens have the potential to inhibit the immune response to a vaccine. Both vaccination and immune globulin are used together in the post exposure prophylaxis of rabies virus infection. SYN023 (a mixture of two monoclonal antibodies CTB011 and CTB012) may be used instead of human rabies immune globulin. Since there is a risk of antagonism of vaccine induced immunity by SYN023, as there is with rabies immune globulin, it is necessary to study possible interactions of these two agents that might be used concurrently. This is single site, randomized, blinded comparison of the immunogenicity, of Imovax (RVi) and Rabavert (RVa) rabies vaccines when administered concurrently with rabies immune globulin (RIG) or SYN023. Subjects will be randomized into one of four dose groups: RVi + SYN023, RVi + RIG, RVa+SYN023 and RVa + RIG. The initial dose of RVi and RVa will be co-administered with either RIG or SYN023). The remaining 4 doses of RVi and RVa will be administered intramuscularly as specified in the product labeling. Serum rabies virus neutralizing activity (RVNA) and serum concentrations of the components of of SYN023 will be measured for the remainder of the trial while the rest of the five RVi and RVa doses are given. Adverse events will be collected for the duration of the trial. The study will last 112 days. Anti-SYN023 antibodies will also be measured.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 164 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 2 Randomized Blinded Placebo Controlled Comparison of the Safety Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of a Single Dose of SYN023 Administered With Licensed Rabies Vaccines in Healthy Adult Subjects
Actual Study Start Date : August 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Rabies

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Imovax, SYN023
Subjects will receive SYN023 and 5 doses of Imovax rabies vaccine
Biological: SYN023
The effects of SYN023 on immunogenicity of rabies vaccines Imovax and RabAvert will be compared to the effect of human rabies immune globulin.

Biological: Imovax
Subjects will receive SYN023 or HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin) and 5 doses of Imovax rabies vaccine

Active Comparator: Imovax, human rabies immune globulin
Subjects will receive HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin) and 5 doses of Imovax rabies vaccine
Biological: Imovax
Subjects will receive SYN023 or HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin) and 5 doses of Imovax rabies vaccine

Biological: HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin)
The effects of SYN023 on immunogenicity of rabies vaccines Imovax and RabAvert will be compared to the effect of human rabies immune globulin.

Experimental: RabAvert, SYN023
Subjects will receive SYN023 and 5 doses of RabAvert rabies vaccine
Biological: SYN023
The effects of SYN023 on immunogenicity of rabies vaccines Imovax and RabAvert will be compared to the effect of human rabies immune globulin.

Biological: RabAvert
Subjects will receive SYN023 or HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin) and 5 doses of RabAvert rabies vaccine

Active Comparator: RabAvert, human rabies immune globulin
Subjects will receive HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin) and 5 doses of RabAvert rabies vaccine
Biological: RabAvert
Subjects will receive SYN023 or HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin) and 5 doses of RabAvert rabies vaccine

Biological: HyperRAB ST (human rabies immune globulin)
The effects of SYN023 on immunogenicity of rabies vaccines Imovax and RabAvert will be compared to the effect of human rabies immune globulin.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Serum Rabies Virus Neutralizing Activity [ Time Frame: 112 days ]
    Inhibitory activity of serum in standard rabies virus inhibition test (RFFIT: Rapid Fluorescent Foci Inhibition Test) assessed as serum RVNA ≥ 0.5 IU/mL. RFFIT is a serum neutralization (inhibition) test, which means it measures the ability of rabies specific antibodies to neutralize rabies virus and prevent the virus from infecting cells. These antibodies are called rabies virus neutralizing antibodies (RVNA).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Adverse Event Incidence of SYN023 Compared to HRIG in RabAvert and Imovax Reciptients [ Time Frame: 42 days ]
    Electrocardiograms are performed to monitor subject safety. Laboratory evaluations for subject safety (adverse events) are serum chemistry evaluations, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, bilirubin, alanine amino transferase, aspartate amino transferase, creatine phosphokinase, troponin, potassium, sodium, bicarbonate, calcium, complete blood count, platelet count, differential count, PT(prothrombin time, international normalized ratio) and PTT (partial prothrombin time and urinalyses for monitoring of safety. Additional laboratory tests may be required for evaluation of specific adverse events such as anaphylaxis and immune complex diseases. Adverse events and serious adverse events will be analyzed. A comparison of adverse event incidence between the four treatment groups will be performed.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Immunogenicity: Anti-CTB012 Antibodies Positive [ Time Frame: 112 days ]
    Measurement of the development of anti-CTB012 antibodies (a component of anti-SYN023 antibodies) in participants which will be analyzed on a continuous scale as a categorical variable by treatment assignment, with descriptive statistics.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Immunogenicity: Anti-CTB011 Antibodies Positive [ Time Frame: 112 days ]
    Measurement of the development of anti-CTB011 antibodies (a component of anti-SYN023 antibodies) in participants which will be analyzed on a continuous scale as a categorical variable by treatment assignment, with descriptive statistics.

  4. SYN023 Monoclonal Antibody Areas Under the Curve (AUC0-last, AUC0-inf) for CTB011 and CTB012) [ Time Frame: 84 days ]
    The area under the time concentration curve for SYN023 mAb components CTB011 and CTB012 will be estimated at Day 0 ( pre-dose), Day 1, Day 3, Day 7, Day 14, Day 28, Day 35, Day 42, and Day 84 post-dose, using non compartmental analysis.

  5. Time to Maximum Concentration Tmax of CTB011 and CTB012 [ Time Frame: 84 days ]
    Interval from time 0 to maximum measured concentration of CTB011 and CTB012 (SYN023 components) at Day 0 ( pre-dose), Day 1, Day 3, Day 7, Day 14, Day 28, Day 35, Day 42, and Day 84 post-dose, using non compartmental analysis.

  6. Maximum Serum Concentration Cmax [ Time Frame: 84 days ]
    Maximum concentration of of CTB011 and CTB012 at Day 0 ( pre-dose), Day 1, Day 3, Day 7, Day 14, Day 28, Day 35, Day 42, and Day 84 post-dose, using non compartmental analysis.

  7. Serum Clearance Rate (Clp) of CTB011 and CTB012 [ Time Frame: 84 days ]
    Calculated serum clearance rates for CTB011 and CTB012 at Day 0 ( pre-dose), Day 1, Day 3, Day 7, Day 14, Day 28, Day 35, Day 42, and Day 84 post-dose, using non compartmental analysis.

  8. Serum Half Lives of CTB011 and CTB012 [ Time Frame: 84 days ]
    The time in hours to reduce the serum concnetration of CTB011 and CTB012 to 50% of the maximum serum concentration at Day 0 ( pre-dose), Day 1, Day 3, Day 7, Day 14, Day 28, Day 35, Day 42, and Day 84 post-dose, using non compartmental analysis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female subjects between 18 and 50 years of age, inclusive
  2. Body mass index between 18 and 30 kg/m², inclusive
  3. Female subjects physically capable of pregnancy (i.e., not sterilized and still menstruating or within 1 year of the last menses if menopausal) must:

    1. Agree to avoid pregnancy from 28 days prior to Study Day 0 through the duration of the study.
    2. If in a sexual relationship with a man, use an acceptable method of avoiding pregnancy during this period. Acceptable methods of avoiding pregnancy include: the use of at least two forms of contraception, including use by a partner of a barrier method (e.g., male condom with intravaginal spermicide) as one form of contraception.
  4. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 24 hours preceding receipt of each dose.
  5. Can understand and sign the informed consent document, can communicate with the investigator and provide updated contact information as needed for the duration of the study, has no current plans to move from the study area for the duration of the study, and can understand and comply with the requirements of the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Oral temperature ≥37.5°C at screening
  2. Complete blood count (CBC) and platelet count abnormal values (>5% above the upper limit of normal [ULN] or >5% below the lower limit of normal [LLN] per local laboratory parameters) at screening with exception of absolute lymphocyte count.
  3. Abnormally elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), or creatinine (Cr) values at screening (however a single test AST, ALT or ALP may be >10% above the ULN per local laboratory parameters)
  4. Abnormal PT (INR) PTT
  5. Abnormal screening urinalysis result that is, per the investigator, clinically significant, or a screening urine dipstick result of ≥2+ protein
  6. Positive screening urine test for illicit drugs (opiates, cocaine, amphetamines methamphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, tetrahydrocannabinol, PCP, MDMA, and methadone)
  7. History or evidence of autoimmune disease
  8. History or evidence of any past, present, or future possible immunodeficiency state, including laboratory evidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 1 or 2 infection
  9. History or evidence of chronic hepatitis
  10. History or evidence of rabies infection
  11. History or evidence of any other acute or chronic disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the evaluation of the safety or immunogenicity of the drug or compromise the safety of the subject; for example a clinically relevant history of respiratory, thyroid, gastrointestinal, renal, hepatic, hematological, lymphatic, oncologic, cardiovascular, psychiatric, neurological, musculoskeletal, genitourinary, infective, inflammatory, immunological, dermatological or connective tissue disease
  12. History or evidence of allergic disease or reaction, including adverse responses to therapeutic monoclonal antibodies that, in the opinion of the investigator, may compromise the safety of the subject
  13. History of non-compliance that, in the opinion of the investigator, will make it unlikely that the subject will comply with the protocol
  14. Previous exposure to rabies vaccine
  15. Receipt of an immunoglobulin or blood product within 90 days prior to Study Day 0
  16. Receipt of immunosuppressive medications other than inhaled or topical immunosuppressant drugs within 45 days prior to Study Day 0
  17. Body weight greater than 90 kg.
  18. History or evidence of IgA deficiency

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02956746


Locations
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United States, Florida
inVentiv Clinical Research Facility, 1951 NW 7th Ave. Suit 450
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Sponsors and Collaborators
Synermore Biologics Co., Ltd.
inVentiv Health Clinical
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Wyatt J David, PhD inVentiv Health Clinical Research Services LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Synermore Biologics Co., Ltd.:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 18, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 21, 2016


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Responsible Party: Synermore Biologics Co., Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02956746     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SYN023-002
First Posted: November 7, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 27, 2019
Last Update Posted: February 27, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Rabies
Rhabdoviridae Infections
Mononegavirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Vaccines
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies
gamma-Globulins
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
Rho(D) Immune Globulin
Immunoglobulin G
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs