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Impact of Nilotinib on Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Biomarkers in Parkinson's Disease (PD Nilotinib)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2017 by Georgetown University
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fernando Pagan MD, Georgetown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02954978
First received: November 1, 2016
Last updated: March 15, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
  Purpose
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder causing motor and non-motor symptoms. PD is characterized by death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) pars compacta and formation of inclusions known as Lewy bodies (LBs) that primarily contain aggregated alpha-Synuclein. Nilotinib (Tasigna®, AMN107, Novartis, Switzerland) is approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is well tolerated for CML treatment at oral doses of 600-800mg daily. Nilotinib penetrates the brain and promotes autophagic degradation of alpha-Synuclein and p-Tau, leading to survival of DA neurons and improvement of motor function in PD models. For these studies, Nilotinib (1-10mg/kg daily) was used at significantly less than the clinically approved dose (up to 1200mg daily) in CML.

Condition Intervention Phase
Parkinson Disease
Parkinsons Disease With Dementia
Drug: Placebo Oral Capsule
Drug: Nilotinib 150mg oral capsule [Tasigna]
Drug: Nilotinib 300mg oral capsule [Tasigna]
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Impact of Low Doses of Nilotinib Treatment on Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Biomarkers in Parkinson's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Georgetown University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety will be measured by number of participants experiencing the occurrence of adverse events and/or abnormal laboratory values [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Safety will be measured by assessing number of participants with abnormal laboratory values, as well as adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) deemed to be possibly, probably, or definitely related to the study drug.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Effects of nilotinib treatment on levels of homovanillic acid in cerebrospinal fluid [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The investigators will determine the effects of nilotinib on cerebrospinal fluid levels of homovanillic acid between baseline and 12 months.


Estimated Enrollment: 75
Study Start Date: January 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2020 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Out of seventy five (75) participants that will be recruited and randomly assigned 1:1:1 to the three (3) groups (arms), 25 patients in group 1 will receive the placebo ("sugar pill") one (1) capsule by mouth once daily (taken without a meal) for 12 months and 3 months follow up.
Drug: Placebo Oral Capsule
25 patients in group 1 will receive Placebo ("sugar pill") one (1) capsule once daily (taken without a meal) for 12 months and 3 months follow up.
Other Name: Placebo
Active Comparator: Nilotinib 150mg
Out of seventy five (75) participants that will be recruited and randomly assigned 1:1:1 to the three (3) groups (arms), 25 patients in group 2 will receive 150mg Nilotinib one (1) capsule once daily (taken without a meal) for 12 months and 3 months follow up.
Drug: Nilotinib 150mg oral capsule [Tasigna]
25 patients in group 2 will receive 150mg Nilotinib one (1) capsule once daily (taken without a meal) for 12 months and 3 months follow up.
Other Name: Nilotinib low dose
Active Comparator: Nilotinib 300mg
Out of seventy five (75) participants that will be recruited and randomly assigned 1:1:1 to the three (3) groups (arms), 25 patients in group 3 will receive 300mg Nilotinib one (1) capsule once daily (taken without a meal) for 12 months and 3 months follow up.
Drug: Nilotinib 300mg oral capsule [Tasigna]
25 patients in group 3 will receive 300mg Nilotinib one (1) capsule once daily (taken without a meal) for 12 months and 3 months follow up.
Other Name: Nilotinib high dose

Detailed Description:
Based on strong pre-clinical evidence of the effects of Nilotinib on neurodegenerative pathologies, including autophagic clearance of neurotoxic proteins, neurotransmitters (dopamine and glutamate), immunity and behavior, the investigators conducted an open label pilot clinical trial in advanced PD with dementia (PDD) and Dementia with Lewy Body (DLB) (stage 3-4) patients. Participants (N=12) were randomized 1:1 to once daily oral dose of 150mg and 300mg Nilotinib for 6 months. The investigators' data suggest that Nilotinib penetrates the brain and inhibits CSF Abelson (Abl) activity via reduction of phosphorylated Abl in agreement with pre-clinical data. Several studies show that CSF alpha-Synuclein and Abeta42 are decreased and CSF total Tau and p-Tau are increased in PD and DLB. The investigators' data show attenuation of loss of CSF alpha-Synuclein and Abeta40/42 with 300mg (50% of the CML dose) compared to 150mg Nilotinib after 6 months treatment. CSF homovanillic acid (HVA), which is an end by-product of dopamine, is significantly increased; and CSF total Tau and p-Tau are significantly reduced (N=5, P<0.05) with 300mg Nilotinib between baseline and 6 months treatment. Despite the reduction of L-Dopa replacement therapies in our study, UDPRS I-IV scores improved with 150mg (3.5 points) and 300mg (11 points) from baseline to 6 months and worsened (13.7 points and 11.4 points) after 3 months withdrawal of 150mg and 300mg, respectively. Other non-motor functions e.g. constipation was resolved in all patients and cognition was also improved (3.5 points) using both the Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE) or the Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's Disease-Cognition (SCOPA-Cog) between baseline and 6 months. MMSE scores returned to baseline after 3 months of Nilotinib withdrawal. These data are very compelling to evaluate the effects of Nilotinib in a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with PD.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent
  2. Capable of providing informed consent and complying with study procedures. Subjects who are unable to provide consent may use a Legally Authorized Representative (LAR).
  3. Patients between the age of 40-90 years, medically stable
  4. Diagnosis of PD according to the UK Brain Bank Diagnostic Criteria
  5. PD subjects with MoCA ≥ 22
  6. 2.5 ≥Hoehn and Yahr stage ≤3
  7. No mono-amine oxidase (MAO)-B inhibitors (Selegeline or rasagiline) are allowed at least 6 weeks before enrollment
  8. Must be medically stable on 800mg Levodopa daily for at least 4 weeks
  9. QTc interval 350-460 ms, inclusive
  10. Participants must be willing to undergo LP at baseline and 12 months after treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia, or long QT syndrome- QTc≥461 ms
  2. Concomitant drugs known to prolong the QTc interval and history of any cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infraction or cardiac failure, angina, arrhythmia
  3. History or presence of cardiac conditions including:

    • Cardiovascular or cerebrovascular event (e.g. myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or stroke)
    • Congestive heart failure
    • First, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block, sick sinus syndrome, or other serious cardiac rhythm disturbances
    • Any history of Torsade de Pointes
  4. Treatment with any of the following drugs at the time of screening or the preceding 30 days, and/or planned use over the course of the trial:

    • Treatment with Class IA or III antiarrhythmic drugs (e.g. quinidine)
    • Treatment with QT prolonging drugs (www.crediblemeds.org)- excluding Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) (e.g. Citalopram, Paxil, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Sertraline, etc...)
    • Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (including grapefruit juice). The concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, atazanavir, indinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, voriconazole) must be avoided. Grapefruit products may also increase serum concentrations of Nilotinib. Should treatment with any of these agents be required, therapy with Nilotinib should be interrupted.
    • Anticoagulants, including Coumadin (warfarin), heparin, enoxaparin, daltiparin, xarelto, etc.
    • St. John's Wort and the concomitant use of strong other CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., dexamethasone, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbital) must be avoided since these agents may reduce the concentration of Nilotinib.
  5. Abnormal liver function defined as AST and/or ALT > 100% the upper limit of the normal
  6. Renal insufficiency as defined by a serum creatinine > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal
  7. History of HIV, clinically significant chronic hepatitis, or other active infection
  8. Females must not be lactating, pregnant or with possible pregnancy
  9. Medical history of liver or pancreatic disease
  10. Clinical signs indicating syndromes other than idiopathic PD, including corticobasal degeneration, supranuclear gaze palsy, multiple system atrophy, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, signs of frontal dementia, history of stroke, head injury or encephalitis, cerebellar signs, early severe autonomic involvement, Babinski sign
  11. Current evidence or history in past two years of epilepsy, focal brain lesion, head injury with loss of consciousness or DSM-IV criteria for any major psychiatric disorder including psychosis, major depression, bipolar disorder, alcohol or substance abuse
  12. Evidence of any significant clinical disorder or laboratory finding that renders the participant unsuitable for receiving an investigational drug including clinically significant or unstable hematologic, hepatic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, metabolic, renal or other systemic disease or laboratory abnormality
  13. Active neoplastic disease, history of cancer five years prior to screening, including breast cancer (history of skin melanoma or stable prostate cancer are not exclusionary)
  14. Contraindications to LP: prior lumbosacral spine surgery, severe degenerative joint disease or deformity of the spine, platelets < 100,000, use of Coumadin/warfarin, or history of a bleeding disorder
  15. Must not be on any immunosuppressant medications (e.g. IVig)
  16. Must not be enrolled as an active participant in another clinical study
  17. Diagnosis of DLB
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02954978

Contacts
Contact: Myrna Joy J Arellano, RN (202)-444-7273 mja6@gunet.georgetown.edu
Contact: Ashot R Shekoyan, MD, PhD (202)-687-7591 ars232@georgetown.edu

Locations
United States, District of Columbia
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
Contact: Fernando L Pagan, MD    202-444-8525    fpogan01@gunet.georgetown.edu   
Contact: Ashot R Shekoyan, MD, PhD    (202)-687-7591    ars232@georgetown.edu   
Principal Investigator: Fernando L Pagan, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Charbel E Moussa, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Georgetown University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Fernando L Pagan, MD Georgetown University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Fernando Pagan MD, Associate Professor, Department of Neurology Co-Director, Movement Disorders Program Director, NPF Center of Excellence Associate Professor, SOM Clinical Track, Georgetown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02954978     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB# 2016-0380
Study First Received: November 1, 2016
Last Updated: March 15, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Dementia
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on March 28, 2017