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Pilot, Prospective, Comparative Multicentric Study Evaluating the Effects on the Arthrosis Biomarkers, the Clinical Effectiveness, the Tolerance of an Intra-articular Injection of Hyaluronic Acid KARTILAGE CROSS Versus Placebo in Patients Suffering From Knee Osteoarthritis (EPIKART)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02951585
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 1, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Laboratoires Vivacy

Brief Summary:

Intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections, also known as viscosupplementation, are a treatment option for knee osteoarthritis that serves to restore the decreasing rheological properties of synovial fluid. KARTILAGE® CROSS is a visco-elastic gel of highly purified reticulated hyaluronic acid. It contains mannitol to provide an anti-oxidative action and to avoid hyaluronic acid depolymerization. Reticulation and mannitol increase the residency time of the product in the joint cavity then allowing a single injection in painful knee osteoarthritis patients.

The US food and drugs administration (FDA) and European medicine agency (EMA), have recently published guidelines recommending a higher level of integration of biomarkers in the development and testing of new drugs to advance decision-making on dosing, time and treatment effect, trial design, and risk/benefit analysis. Biomarkers can be used not only in the process of drug development, but also in the future in assessment of individual patient's response to treatment.

Several soluble biomarkers have been identified as potential candidates to predict or monitor the efficacy of intervention. Coll2-1, a degradation product of type II collagen, and Coll2-1NO2, a nitrated form of the Coll2-1 peptide have been studied in human osteoarthritis and entered the qualification process. Evidences demonstrated them to be pertinent and to be foresee as markers used for the diagnosis, the prognosis, the burden of disease and the monitoring of a treatment efficacy.

The aim of this study was to provide with the first kinetic data regarding biomarkers in painful knee osteoarthritis patients treated with a new reticulated hyaluronic acid. The effects of the treatment were compared to those of saline solution. The primary endpoint was a specific osteoarthritis biomarker, Coll2-1. The secondary endpoints were the effects of the treatment or placebo on other biomarkers of osteoarthritis, its clinical efficacy and tolerance

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Knee Osteoarthritis Device: KARTILAGE CROSS Device: PLACEBO Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 81 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot, Prospective, Comparative Multicentric Study Evaluating the Effects on the Arthrosis Biomarkers, the Clinical Effectiveness, the Tolerance of an Intra-articular Injection of Hyaluronic Acid KARTILAGE CROSS Versus Placebo in Patients Suffering From Knee Osteoarthritis.
Study Start Date : May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Kartilage® Cross (2.2 mL, 16 mg/g of hyaluronic acid)
Intra-articular injection of Kartilage Cross

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Saline solution (2.2-2.5 mL, NaCl 9 mg/g)
Intra-articular injection of physiological serum (saline solution)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patient with a reduction of at least 10 nmol/l of serum Coll2-1 between inclusion visit (10 days before injection) and 3 months after injection. [ Time Frame: 3 months after injection ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Variation in Coll2-1 between inclusion and 1 month or 6 months; [ Time Frame: 1 month and 6 months ]
  2. Variation of Lequesne index (LI) between inclusion visit and further visits [ Time Frame: 1 month, 3 months and 6 months ]
  3. Variation in the global assessment of pain with visual analog scale (0-100 mm) between inclusion visit and further visits, [ Time Frame: 1 month, 3 months and 6 months ]
  4. Percentage of responders according to OMERACT/OARSI (Outcome Measures in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Trials/Osteoarthritis Research Society International) at 3 months and 6 months [ Time Frame: 3 months and 6 months ]
  5. Acetaminophen and Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) consumption during the study [ Time Frame: 1 month, 3 months and 6 months ]
  6. Patient's global assessment of the disease activity [ Time Frame: 1 month, 3 months and 6 months ]
  7. Monitoring of adverse events [ Time Frame: 1 month, 3 months and 6 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Man or Women, aged from 45 to 80
  • Presenting a symptomatic femoro-tibial knee osteoarthritis responding to clinical and radiologic ACR (American College of Rheumatology) criteria,
  • Symptomatic since at least 6 months
  • Mean global knee pain determined on Visual Analog Scale for the last 24 hours over 40 mm (without any NSAIDs or analgesics for more than 48 hours).
  • Kellgren and Lawrence (K&L) radiological stage must have been II or III on pictures lasted less than 12 months
  • Requiring a treatment with hyaluronic acid after failure or intolerance to first line analgesics or NSAIDs
  • Having signed an informed consent after receiving comprehensive information
  • Capable to follow the study instructions
  • Benefiting from health insurance.

Exclusion Criteria:

Related to the osteoarthritis pathology:

  • Significant clinical knee effusion
  • Radiographical Kellgren and Lawrence grade I or IV
  • Osteoarthritis secondary to a microcrystalline arthropathy: chondrocalcinosis previously known or defined by a calcium border on at least one tibiofemoral spacing, gout ...
  • Isolated femoropatellar osteoarthritis
  • Presence of another joint (other than the evaluated knee) affected by osteoarthritis (known and symptomatic): collateral knee, hip, hand, shoulder, ankle or foot
  • Chondromatosis or villonodular synovitis of the knee
  • Paget disease
  • Recent trauma (< 1 month) of the evaluated knee
  • Pathologies interfering with the evaluation of osteoarthritis (microcrystalline inflammatory arthropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, radiculalgia in the lower limbs, arteritis. etc)
  • Acute inflammatory osteoarthritis (Kofus ≥ 7)

Related to previous and concomitant treatments

  • Corticosteroids injection in the last month before injection regardless the concerned joint
  • Hyaluronan injection in the last 6 months before injection regardless the concerned joint
  • Analgesics and NSAIDs intake during the last 48 hours before inclusion visit
  • Change in the dosage of slow-acting drugs against arthrosis i.e. chondroitin, glucosamine, diacerein or avocado-soybean unsaponifiables in the last 3 months before inclusion or planned during study
  • Arthroscopy or surgery in the target knee in the last 3 months before inclusion
  • Oral corticotherapy

Related to associated pathologies

  • Severe diseases (severe hepatic failure, renal failure, uncontrolled cardiovascular diseases….)
  • Dermatological infection at the site of injection
  • Anticoagulant treatment
  • Risk of hemorrhage according to the evaluator or injector assessment

Related to the patients

  • Known allergy to hyaluronan
  • Known allergy to acetaminophen
  • Known allergy to mannitol
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Premenopausal women without contraception
  • Patient unable to read, and to write
  • Patient having participated in a clinical research investigation in the last 3 months
  • Patient under guardianship or judicial protection
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Laboratoires Vivacy Identifier: NCT02951585    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2012-A01521-42
First Posted: November 1, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis, Knee
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases