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Avelumab In Combination Regimens That Include An Immune Agonist, Epigenetic Modulator, CD20 Antagonist and/or Conventional Chemotherapy in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) (Javelin DLBCL)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02951156
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study was terminated due to closure of study arms following futility analysis and difficulty in enrolling participants due to evolving treatment landscape)
First Posted : November 1, 2016
Results First Posted : December 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 17, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
EMD Serono
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Brief Summary:
Study B9991011 is a multi-center, international, randomized, open label, 2 component (Phase 1b followed by Phase 3), parallel-arm study of avelumab in combination with various agents for the treatment of Relapsed/Refractory (R/R) Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Biological: Avelumab Biological: Utomilumab Biological: Rituximab Other: Azacitidine Drug: Bendamustine Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Oxaliplatin Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The target study population of this Phase 1b/3 registrational study is patients with R/R DLBCL who have completed at least 2 (but not more than 4) lines of prior rituximab-containing multi-agent chemotherapy, and/or in whom autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) has failed, or who are not candidates for ASCT or who are not eligible for intensive chemotherapy. Patients who are ineligible for intensive second line chemotherapy must have received at least one prior rituximab-containing combination chemotherapy regimen. The study will assess the safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics (PK), immunogenicity of the 3 avelumab-based combination regimens tested, and collect patient reported outcome (PRO) data.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 29 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: PHASE 1B/PHASE 3 MULTICENTER STUDY OF AVELUMAB (MSB0010718C) IN COMBINATION REGIMENS THAT INCLUDE AN IMMUNE AGONIST, EPIGENETIC MODULATOR, CD20 ANTAGONIST AND/OR CONVENTIONAL CHEMOTHERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH RELAPSED OR REFRACTORY DIFFUSE LARGE B-CELL LYMPHOMA (DLBCL) JAVELIN DLBCL
Actual Study Start Date : December 16, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lymphoma
Drug Information available for: Avelumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Phase 1b Arm A
avelumab/utomilumab/rituximab
Biological: Avelumab
Investigational fully human anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody
Other Name: MSB0010718C

Biological: Utomilumab
Investigational, fully human IgG2 CD 137/4-1BB agonist
Other Name: PF-05082566

Biological: Rituximab
CD20-directed cytolytic antibody
Other Name: Rituxan

Experimental: Phase 1b Arm B
avelumab/utomilumab/azacitidine
Biological: Avelumab
Investigational fully human anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody
Other Name: MSB0010718C

Biological: Utomilumab
Investigational, fully human IgG2 CD 137/4-1BB agonist
Other Name: PF-05082566

Other: Azacitidine
Antimetabolite antineoplastic agent and demethylation agent.
Other Name: Vidaza

Experimental: Phase 1b Arm C
avelumab/rituximab/bendamustine
Biological: Avelumab
Investigational fully human anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody
Other Name: MSB0010718C

Biological: Rituximab
CD20-directed cytolytic antibody
Other Name: Rituxan

Drug: Bendamustine
Alkylating drug
Other Name: Treanda

Experimental: Phase 3 Arm D (selected from Phase 1b)
Selected regimen from Phase 1b component which may be i) avelumab/utomilumab/rituximab OR ii) avelumab/rituximab/azacitidine OR iii) avelumab/rituximab/bendamustine
Biological: Avelumab
Investigational fully human anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody
Other Name: MSB0010718C

Biological: Utomilumab
Investigational, fully human IgG2 CD 137/4-1BB agonist
Other Name: PF-05082566

Biological: Rituximab
CD20-directed cytolytic antibody
Other Name: Rituxan

Other: Azacitidine
Antimetabolite antineoplastic agent and demethylation agent.
Other Name: Vidaza

Drug: Bendamustine
Alkylating drug
Other Name: Treanda

Active Comparator: Phase 3 Arm E
Investigator's Choice of either rituximab/bendamustine or rituximab/gemcitabine/oxaliplatin
Biological: Rituximab
CD20-directed cytolytic antibody
Other Name: Rituxan

Drug: Bendamustine
Alkylating drug
Other Name: Treanda

Drug: Gemcitabine
Nucleoside analogue
Other Name: Gemzar

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Platinum-based drug
Other Name: Eloxatin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) [ Time Frame: Day 1 Cycle 1 up to 4 Weeks ]
    AEs occurring in first 4 weeks of treatment,attributable to 1 of study drugs. Hematology:1)Grade 4 neutropenia,2)Grade >=3 febrile neutropenia with single temperature of >38.3 degrees Celsius (C)/sustained temperature of >=38.0 degrees C for more than 1 hour with/without associated sepsis,3)Grade >=3 neutropenic infection,4)Grade 4 thrombocytopenia/Grade 3 thrombocytopenia with clinically significant bleeding,5)Grade 4 anemia 6)Any grade >=3 non-hematology toxicity except:transient Grade 3 flu like symptoms/fever controlled with standard medical management;transient Grade 3 fatigue,localized skin reactions/headache that resolves to Grade <=1;Grade 3 nausea,vomiting/diarrhea resolved to Grade <=1 in ˂72 hours after initiation of adequate medical management;Grade 3 skin toxicity resolved to Grade <=1 in ˂7 days;tumor flare;Single laboratory values that are out of normal range,that have no clinical correlate and resolve to Grade <=1 within 7 days with adequate medical management.

  2. Objective Response Rate (ORR) as Assessed by Investigator Per Lugano Response Classification Criteria [ Time Frame: Randomization until date of PD, start of new anticancer therapy, discontinuation from study or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    ORR was defined as percentage of participants with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), as assessed by investigator per lugano response classification criteria. CR was defined as a score of 1 (no uptake above background), 2 (uptake less than or equal to [<=] mediastinum), or 3 (uptake less than [<] mediastinum but <=liver) with or without a residual mass on PET 5-point scale (5-PS), for lymph nodes and extralymphatic sites; no new lesions; no evidence of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid disease in bone marrow. PR was defined as >=50% decrease in SPD of up to six of the largest dominant lymph nodes, no increase in size of other nodes, liver, or spleen volume, a >=50% decrease in sum of products of diameters (SPD) of hepatic and splenic nodules, absence of other organ involvement, and no new sites of disease.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) Greater Than or Equal to (>=) Grade 3, As Per National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria For Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE), Version 4.03 [ Time Frame: From first dose of study treatment up to at least 30 days after the last dose of study treatment or initiation of new anti-cancer therapy (up to 36 months) ]
    AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. As per NCI-CTCAE version 4.03,severity was graded as Grade 1:asymptomatic/mild symptoms,clinical/diagnostic observations only, intervention not indicated; Grade 2:moderate, minimal, local/noninvasive intervention indicated,limiting age-appropriate instrumental activities of daily life (ADL); Grade 3:severe/medically significant but not immediately life-threatening, hospitalization/prolongation of existing hospitalization indicated, disabling, limiting self-care ADL; Grade 4:life-threatening consequence, urgent intervention indicated; Grade 5:death related to AE. TEAE was defined as events which occurred during on-treatment period beginning with first dose of study treatment through minimum (30 days + last dose of study treatment or start of new anti-cancer drug therapy). In this outcome measure participant with any TEAE of Grade 3 or above are reported.

  2. Number of Participants With Laboratory Abnormalities As Per National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE), Version 4.03 [ Time Frame: From first dose of study treatment up to at least 30 days after the last dose of study treatment or initiation of new anti-cancer therapy (up to 36 months) ]
    Laboratory parameters included hematological and biochemistry: Hematological parameters included: anemia, haemoglobin increased, lymphocyte count decreased, lymphocyte count increased, neutrophil count decreased, platelet count decreased and white blood cells decreased. Biochemistry parameters included alanine aminotransferase increased, alkaline phosphatase increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, blood bilirubin increased, cholesterol high, creatine kinase(cpk) increased, creatinine increased, gamma glutamyl transferase(ggt) increased, hypercalcemia, hyperglycemia, hyperkalemia, hypermagnesemia, hypernatremia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, lipase increased,serum amylase increased.Test abnormalities were graded by NCI CTCAE version 4.03 as Grade 1=mild; Grade 2=moderate; Grade 3/Grade 4=severe/life-threatening. Number of participants with abnormalities of any grade were reported.

  3. Number of Participants With Electrocardiogram (ECG) Abnormalities [ Time Frame: From first dose of study treatment up to at least 30 days after the last dose of study treatment or initiation of new anti-cancer therapy (up to 36 months) ]
    ECG abnormalities included: 1) QT interval, QT interval corrected using Bazett's formula (QTcB) and QT interval corrected using Fridericia's formula (QTcF): increase from baseline greater than (>) 30 millisecond (ms) or 60 ms; absolute value >450 ms, >480 ms and >500 ms; 2) heart rate (HR): absolute value <=50 beats per minute (bpm) and decrease from baseline >=20 bpm; absolute value >=120 bpm and increase from baseline >=20 bpm; 3) PR interval: absolute value >=220 ms and increase from baseline >=20 ms; 4) QRS interval: absolute value >=120 ms.

  4. Duration of Response (DOR) as Assessed by Investigator Per Lugano Response Classification Criteria [ Time Frame: First response (CR or PR) to date of PD, start of new anti-cancer therapy, discontinuation from the study, censoring date or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    Investigator assessed DOR: was defined for participants with OR as time from first documentation of OR to time of first documentation of disease progression/death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. CR: score of 1(no uptake above background),2(uptake <=mediastinum),or 3(uptake <mediastinum but <=liver) with or without a residual mass on PET 5-PS,for lymph nodes extralymphatic sites;no new lesions;no evidence of FDG-avid disease in bone marrow. PR: >=50% decrease in SPD of up to 6 of largest dominant lymph nodes,no increase in size of other nodes,liver,spleen volume,>=50% decrease in SPD of hepatic splenic nodules,absence of other organ involvement,no new sites of disease. PD: appearance of new lesion more than 1.5 cm in any axis,at least a 50% increase from nadir in SPD/longest diameter of previous lesion/node. Data was censored on date of last adequate tumor assessment in participants with no event,started new anti-cancer therapy/had 2 or more missing assessments.

  5. Time to Tumor Response (TTR) as Assessed by Investigator Per Lugano Response Classification Criteria [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the first documentation of objective response (CR or PR) (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    TTR was defined for participants who achieved objective response as time from randomization to first documentation of objective tumor response (CR or PR) that was subsequently confirmed. CR was defined as a score of 1 (no uptake above background), 2 (uptake <= mediastinum), or 3 (uptake <mediastinum but <=liver) with or without a residual mass on PET 5-PS, for lymph nodes and extralymphatic sites; no new lesions; no evidence of FDG-avid disease in bone marrow. PR was defined as >=50% decrease in SPD of up to six of the largest dominant lymph nodes, no increase in size of other nodes, liver, or spleen volume, a >=50% decrease in SPD of hepatic and splenic nodules, absence of other organ involvement, and no new sites of disease.

  6. Disease Control Rate as Assessed by the Investigator Per Lugano Response Classification Criteria [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the first documentation of PD, study discontinuation, start of new anti-cancer therapy or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    Disease control rate was defined as percentage of participants with disease control. Disease Control (DC) was defined as the best overall response of CR, PR, or stable disease (SD). CR: score of 1 (no uptake above background), 2 (uptake <= mediastinum), or 3 (uptake less than <mediastinum but <=liver) with or without a residual mass on PET 5-PS, for lymph nodes and extralymphatic sites; no new lesions; no evidence of FDG-avid disease in bone marrow. PR: >=50% decrease in SPD of up to six of the largest dominant lymph nodes, no increase in size of other nodes, liver, or spleen volume, a >=50% decrease in SPD of hepatic and splenic nodules, absence of other organ involvement, and no new sites of disease. SD: <50% decrease in SDP of up to 6 dominant, measurable nodes and extranodal sites; no criteria for progressive disease met. To qualify as a best overall response of SD, at least one SD assessment must be observed >=6 weeks after start date and before disease progression.

  7. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by the Investigator Per Lugano Response Classification Criteria [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to progression of disease, study discontinuation, censoring date or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first (up to 36 months) ]
    Investigator assessed PFS was defined as time (in months) from date of randomization to the first documentation of disease progression or death (due to any cause), whichever occurred first. PFS data was censored on the date of the last adequate tumor assessment for participants who had no an event (PD or death), for participants who start a new anti-cancer therapy prior to an event or for participants with an event after 2 or more missing or inadequate post-baseline tumor assessment. Participants without an adequate baseline or post-baseline tumor assessment were censored on the date of randomization unless death occurred on or before the time of the second planned tumor assessment in which case the death was considered as an event.

  8. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to discontinuation from the study or death, whichever occurred first (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time (in months) from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause. Participants last known to be alive were censored at date of last contact. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  9. Concentration Verses Time Summary of Avelumab [ Time Frame: 1 hour Post dose Day 2 Cycle 1, 144 hour Post dose Day 8 of Cycle 1, 0 hour Post dose Day 16 of Cycle 1, Day 1 of Cycle 4 and Cycle 6 ]
  10. Number of Participants With Anti-Drug Antibodies (ADA) Against Avelumab by Never and Ever Positive Status [ Time Frame: Baseline: 2 hours pre-dose of first dose of avelumab, Post baseline: post first dose up to up to 30 Days after the end of treatment (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    ADA never-positive was defined as no positive ADA results at any time point. ADA ever-positive was defined as at least one positive ADA result at any time point.

  11. Number of Participants With Anti-Drug Antibodies (ADA) Against Rituximab by Never and Ever Positive Status [ Time Frame: From the date of first study treatment up to 30 Days after the end of treatment (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    ADA never-positive was defined as no positive ADA results at any time point. ADA ever-positive was defined as at least one positive ADA result at any time point.

  12. Number of Participants With Anti-Drug Antibodies (ADA) Against Utomilumab by Never and Ever Positive Status [ Time Frame: From the date of first study treatment up to 30 Days after the end of treatment (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    ADA never-positive was defined as no positive ADA results at any time point. ADA ever-positive was defined as at least one positive ADA result at any time point.

  13. Number of Participants With Neutralizing Antibodies (nAb) Against Avelumab by Never and Ever Positive Status [ Time Frame: From the date of first study treatment up to 30 Days after the end of treatment (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    nAb never-positive was defined as no positive nAb results at any time point and nAb ever-positive was defined as at least one positive nAb result at any time point.

  14. Number of Participants With Neutralizing Antibodies (nAb) Against Rituximab by Never and Ever Positive Status [ Time Frame: From the date of first study treatment up to 30 Days after the end of treatment (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    nAb never-positive was defined as no positive nAb results at any time point and nAb ever-positive was defined as at least one positive nAb result at any time point.

  15. Number of Participants With Neutralizing Antibodies (nAb) Against Utomilumab by Never and Ever Positive Status [ Time Frame: From the date of first study treatment up to 30 Days after the end of treatment (maximum up to 36 months) ]
    nAb never-positive was defined as no positive nAb results at any time point and nAb ever-positive was defined as at least one positive nAb result at any time point.

  16. Programmed Death Receptor-1 Ligand-1 (PD-L1) Biomarker Expression in Tumor and Immune Cells as Assessed by Immunohistochemistry (IHC) at Baseline [ Time Frame: Screening (prior to first dose of study treatment) ]
    Percentage of Tumor and Immune Cells as Assessed by Immunohistochemistry at Baseline.

  17. Number of Participants With Minimal Residual Disease Burden (MRD) Positive, Negative and Not Evaluable (NE) Status [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycle 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 ]
    Number of participants with MRD positive, negative and not evaluable status were reported in this outcome measure.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

-Any of the following as defined by the WHO, 2016 lymphoid neoplasm classifications and histologically confirmed:

  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), Not Otherwise Specified (NOS): Germinal center B-cell type (GCB), Activated B-cell type (ABC)
  • High-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL) NOS
  • HGBCL with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements
  • T-cell histocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma
  • EBV+ DLBCL, NOS
  • HHV8+ DLBCL, NOS

Relapsed or refractory disease following at least 2 lines (and a maximum of 4 lines) of prior rituximab containing multi-agent chemotherapy which may include an autologous stem cell transplantation unless patients are not considered suitable for intensive second-line chemotherapy or autologous stem cell transplantation. Patients who are ineligible for intensive second line chemotherapy,must have received at least one prior rituximab-containing combination chemotherapy regimen. Patients who are ineligible for intensive second line chemotherapy, must have received at least one prior rituximab-containing combination chemotherapy regimen.

  • Baseline measurable disease with at least 1 bi dimensional lesion with longest diameter (LDi) >1.5cm on CT scan which is FDG avid on PET scan.
  • A biopsy (archived or Screening/recent) will be collected at Screening.
  • At least 18years of age (or ≥20 years in Japan).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) 0 or 1.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma.
  • Prior organ transplantation including prior allogeneic SCT.
  • Prior therapy with an anti PD 1, anti PD L1, anti PD L2, anti CD137, or anti cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4 (CTLA 4) antibody (including ipilimumab, tremelimumab or any other antibody, or drug specifically targeting T cell co stimulatory or immune checkpoint pathways).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02951156


Locations
Show Show 30 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
EMD Serono
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Pfizer:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 11, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 12, 2018

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02951156    
Other Study ID Numbers: B9991011
2016-002904-15 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 1, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 17, 2020
Last Update Posted: December 17, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Pfizer will provide access to individual de-identified participant data and related study documents (e.g. protocol, Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP), Clinical Study Report (CSR)) upon request from qualified researchers, and subject to certain criteria, conditions, and exceptions. Further details on Pfizer's data sharing criteria and process for requesting access can be found at: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests.
URL: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Gemcitabine
Rituximab
Oxaliplatin
Azacitidine
Bendamustine Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents