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A Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Rituximab in Patients With Myasthenia Gravis (Rinomax)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02950155
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 31, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fredrik Piehl, Karolinska Institutet

Brief Summary:
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study evaluating the safety and efficacy of Rituximab (Mabthera®) in patients with new onset generalized myasthenia gravis (MG).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Generalized Myasthenia Gravis Drug: Rituximab Drug: Sodium Chloride solution Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction caused by auto-antibodies. MG is characterized by weakness in skeletal muscles and occurs in all ages, but mostly among young adult women and in people of both sexes over the age of 60 years. The disease has a wide variation in severity, where in milder cases only symptom-relieving choline esterase blockers may be sufficient. In many cases, however, immunomodulatory drugs are required. Traditionally MG has been treated with high doses of corticosteroids over longer time periods, which causes significant risks of side effects. Therefore, since several decades, oral immunosuppressive drugs have been used in order to reduce the need for steroids. This group includes azathioprine, cyclosporine and mycophenolate. However, none of these drugs has been approved for use in MG and the effect is usually delayed. There is thus a great need to develop newer treatment algorithms for MG, for example including more effective biological drugs. Several small observational studies have shown that rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that eliminate B cells, can have good effects in treatment refractory MG. The aim of the present study is to study the effect of rituximab compared to placebo in the treatment of new onset MG of moderate to severe symptomatology.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Multicenter Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Rituximab (Mabthera®) in Patients With New Onset Generalized Myasthenia Gravis (MG)
Actual Study Start Date : October 16, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rituximab
A single infusion at a dose of 500 mg of Mabthera/Rituximab.
Drug: Rituximab
A single infusion at a dose of 500 mg Mabthera/Rituximab.
Other Name: Mabthera

Sham Comparator: Sodium Chloride solution
A single infusion with sodium chloride solution.
Drug: Sodium Chloride solution
A single infusion of Placebo/Sham.
Other Name: Sodium Chloride




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patients with quantitative MG ascore (QMG) score ≤ 4 and a daily Prednisolon dose of ≤ 10mg at 16 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo. [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    QMG is measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. QMG score at 24 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    QMG is measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors

  2. MG-activities of daily living (ADL) score at 16 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    MG-ADL is a patient-reported outcome measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors

  3. MG-quality of life (QoL) score at 16 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    MG-QoL is a patient-reported outcome measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Percentage of patients with quantitative MG ascore (QMG) score ≤ 4 and a daily Prednisolon dose of ≤ 10mg at 24 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    QMG is measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors

  2. QMG scores at 16, 36 and 48 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo. [ Time Frame: 16, 36 and 48 weeks ]
    QMG is measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors

  3. MG-activities of daily living (ADL) score at 24, 36 and 48 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo [ Time Frame: 24, 36 and 48 weeks ]
    MG-ADL is a patient-reported outcome measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors

  4. EQ5D score at 16, 24, 36 and 48 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo [ Time Frame: 16, 24, 36 and 48 weeks ]
    The EQ5D scale is a generic QoL score measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline e

  5. MG-QoL score at 24, 36 and 48 weeks after administration of study drug/placebo [ Time Frame: 24, 36 and 48 weeks ]
    MG-QoL is a patient-reported outcome measured under standardized conditions with at least 12 hours since last intake of choline esterase inhibitors

  6. Number of hospital admissions for MG worsening during week 0 to 48 after administration of study drug/placebo [ Time Frame: 0 - 48 weeks ]
  7. Rescue treatments during week 8 to 48 after administration of study drug/placebo [ Time Frame: 8 - 48 weeks ]
    Rescue treatments comprise i.v immunoglobulins, plasma exchange and high dose corticosteroids



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with oculobulbar, bulbar or generalized MG ≥ 18 years of age and with onset of generalized symptoms or neurophysiological detection of generalized disease not more than 12 months ago.
  2. The diagnosis of MG should be determined with the following:

    Clinical neurological status with motor symptoms consistent with MG and at least two of the following:

    a positive serologic test for anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR) and/or b. typical MG findings on neurophysiological testing of neuromuscular transmission with single fiber electromyography (SFEMG) and / or repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS), and / or c. Positive anti-choline esterase-test, e.g. edrophoniumchloride or improvement of MG symptoms with oral cholinesterase inhibitors as judged by the treating physician.

  3. MGFA Class II to IV at screening.
  4. Quantitative MG score ≥ 6 at screening
  5. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test.
  6. Patients must have provided written informed consent.
  7. Patients must be able and willing to comply with all study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Weakness only affecting ocular or periocular muscles (MGFA Class I).
  2. MG crisis at screening (MGFA Class V)
  3. Thymectomy already carried out. In order to avoid difficulties to evaluate the effect of the study drug, thymectomy, where it is indicated, should be scheduled to the follow-up period, ie after the first 24 weeks.
  4. Strong suspicion of thymoma, where thymectomy as judged by the treating physician should be done within 24 weeks.
  5. Active malignancy, if not adequately treated
  6. Pregnancy or breast-feeding.
  7. Ongoing acute or chronic viral or systemic bacterial infections including HIV, latent hepatitis B, which is clinically significant, according to the study doctor's opinion and not treated with appropriate antibiotic / antiviral drugs.
  8. Severe heart failure (New York Heart Association Class IV) or severe, uncontrolled cardiac disease
  9. Previous use of immunosuppressive drugs, including rituximab, except prednisolone at a dose of up to 40mg daily for less than 3 months. This does not apply to treatment with immunosuppressive drugs / corticosteroids (except rituximab) for other indications than MG, provided at least 12 months have passed since treatment was terminated.
  10. Suspected hypersensitivity to the study drug
  11. Participation in another trial of study drug within 30 days prior to screening.
  12. Any medical condition which, according to the study physician's opinion, may interfere with the patient's participation in the study, poses additional risks for the patient, or that complicate the assessment of patients.
  13. Vaccination within 4 weeks before inclusion.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02950155


Contacts
Contact: Fredrik Piehl, MD +46-851779840 Fredrik.Piehl@ki.se

Locations
Sweden
Karolinska University Hospital Recruiting
Stockholm, Solna, Sweden, 171 76
Contact: Fredrik Piehl, MD    +46-851779840    Fredrik.Piehl@ki.se   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fredrik Piehl
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Fredrik Piehl, Professor Dept Clinical Neuroscience Karolinska Institutet, Neuroimmunology Unit

Responsible Party: Fredrik Piehl, Professor, MD, Karolinska Institutet
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02950155     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EudraCT 2015-005749-30
First Posted: October 31, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myasthenia Gravis
Muscle Weakness
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Neuromuscular Junction Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents