Influence of Psychosocial Distress and Lifetime Trauma Exposure on Traumatic Stress Among Oncology Patients on Clinical Trials
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02948413|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2018
A cancer diagnosis is a threat to life and bodily integrity. This can cause people with cancer to experience traumatic stress. Researchers want to better understand the types of stress and emotional reactions people with cancer experience. They also want to know if the stress people with cancer have had during their life affects their stress related to cancer.
To see if lifetime traumas, along with psychosocial distress, can predict traumatic stress symptoms in people with cancer.
People ages 18 and older who have had or are currently getting care from the NIH Clinical Center for one of these cancers:
Participants will be screened with name, date of birth, and diagnosis.
Participants will allow access to their medical records.
Participants will complete, online or in person, a demographic sheet and 3 questionnaires:
The PTSD Checklist for DSM-5: This assesses traumatic stress symptoms and takes 5 10
minutes to complete.
The Life Events Checklist for DSM-5: This assesses potentially traumatic life events and
takes about 5 minutes to complete.
The Brief Symptoms Inventory 18: This assesses psychosocial distress and takes about 4
minutes to complete....
|Condition or disease|
|Lymphoma Mesothelioma Prostate Cancer Leukemia|
- The American College of Surgeons requires accredited cancer hospitals to screen for distress.
- Providers at the NIH CC do not uniformly screen for traumatic stress in oncology patients but have observed innumerable patients with deficits in social functioning, difficulty adhering to treatment, and trouble coping due to oncology related traumatic stress.
- A seminal distress study reported the prevalence of distress for 14 cancer diagnoses was as high as 43.4% with prevalence of distress in the 30% range for the diagnoses covered in this study.
- It has been shown that a cancer diagnosis represents a threat to life and bodily integrity and can create a sense of loss of social and occupational roles, causing one s adaptive capacity to become overwhelmed.
- In oncology patients, the literature reports that symptoms or traumatic stress range from 20% with early stage cancer to 80% in those with recurrent disease.
- The outcome of this study will provide information about traumatic stress, aid in the identification of it, and provide guidance on trauma informed care for this population.
- A descriptive study to explore the relationships between levels of psychosocial distress and levels of traumatic stress symptoms (TSS) in patients with cancer (lymphoma, leukemia, prostate cancer, and mesothelioma) on clinical trials at the NIH. We will also describe the relationship between psychosocial distress and TSS in the context of the number of lifetime traumas experienced by patients enrolled on a clinical trial at the NIH for cancer treatment.
- Patients receiving treatment at the NIH CC will be recruited from four diagnostic groups: leukemia, lymphoma, mesothelioma, and prostate.
- Inclusion criteria include: diagnosed and treated for one of four types of cancer (patients can have any stage of one of these four types of cancer and can be at any point in the treatment continuum); aged 18 and over; able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document to participate in this study; enrolled in a clinical trial and actively followed on at the NIH CC.
- This study is an exploratory cross-sectional survey design.
- Data from the standardized measures (e.g. BSI-18, LEC-5, and the PCL-5) and demographic and medical history from the medical charts will describe the sample.
- Protocol participation is estimated to take approximately 30 minutes per patient.
- To address the primary objective, a backwards stepwise process will be used to identify covariate variables that will be used in the final model. This will allow for the data to present naturally occurring gaps in p-values to inform significance.
- Bi-variate analysis such as t-tests to compare means, time since diagnosis, time since clinical trials participation (e.g. treatment) and demographics, will be used to explore differences and relationships among the main variables and the demographic and illness-related variables.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||55 participants|
|Official Title:||Exploring the Influence of Psychosocial Distress and Lifetime Trauma Exposure on Traumatic Stress Among Oncology Patients on Clinical Trials|
|Study Start Date :||October 27, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 6, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 6, 2018|
Single Group of patients with Cancer
Patients with cancer (lymphoma, leukemia, prostate cancer, and mesothelioma) on clinical trials at the NIH Clinical Center.
- Traumatic Stress Symptoms [ Time Frame: Single Time Point ]A descriptive study to explore the relationships between levels of psychosocial distress and levels of traumatic stress symptoms (TSS) in patients with cancer (lymphoma, leukemia, prostate cancer, and mesothelioma) on clinical trials at the NIH Clinical Center.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02948413
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Schuyler C Cunningham, L.C.S.W.||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|