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Metformin Hydrochloride and Ritonavir in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma or Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02948283
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This pilot clinical trial studies the side effects and best dose of metformin hydrochloride and ritonavir in treating patients with multiple myeloma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia that has returned after a period of improvement or has not responded to treatment. Metformin hydrochloride and ritonavir may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Fatigue Fever Lymphadenopathy Lymphocytosis Night Sweats Recurrent Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma Splenomegaly Thrombocytopenia Weight Loss Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Metformin Hydrochloride Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: Ritonavir Other: Quality-of-Life Other: Questionnaire Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety, tolerability and feasibility of administering metformin hydrochloride (metformin)/ritonavir combination therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma or relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To characterize the clinical activity of this two-drug combination by assessing disease response, response duration, and (in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma [RRMM]) clinical benefit response.

II. To assess the progression-free survival, overall survival and compliance of all patients who start the two-drug combination.

III. To evaluate potential changes in health-related quality of life, as assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy for Multiple Myeloma (FACT-MM) and Leukemia (FACT-Leu).

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe the plasma pharmacokinetics of metformin and ritonavir when given in combination.

II. In relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (RRCLL), to describe changes in pAKT, pAMPK, and MCL-1, in circulating lymphocytes in response to treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study.

SINGLE AGENT STAGE: Patients receive metformin hydrochloride orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-7 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COMBINATION REGIMEN STAGE: Patients receive metformin hydrochloride PO BID and ritonavir PO BID on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 28 days.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Feasibility Study of Metformin/Ritonavir Combination Treatment in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma or Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : September 5, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (metformin hydrochloride, ritonavir)

SINGLE AGENT STAGE : Patients receive metformin hydrochloride PO BID on days 1-7 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COMBINATION REGIMEN STAGE: Patients receive metformin hydrochloride PO BID and ritonavir orally PO BID on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Metformin Hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cidophage
  • Dimefor
  • Glifage
  • Glucoformin
  • Glucophage
  • Glucophage ER
  • Metformin HCl
  • Riomet
  • Siofor

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Ritonavir
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Norvir
  • RIT

Other: Quality-of-Life
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Live

Other: Questionnaire
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events as assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Observed toxicities will be summarized, for all patients based on highest achievable dose, in terms of type (organ affected or laboratory determination), severity, time of onset, duration, probable association with the study treatment and reversibility or outcome.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best overall response [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be categorized using International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG). Will be calculated, for the initial and sub-analysis for all dose levels; Copper Pearson binomial 95% confidence intervals will be calculated for these estimates. Will be evaluated based on number/type of prior therapy(ies).

  2. Clinical benefit response [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be categorized using IMWG. Clopper Pearson binomial 95% confidence intervals will be calculated. Will be evaluated based on number/type of prior therapy(ies).

  3. Health-Related Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy for Multiple Myeloma and Leukemia will be scored using published guidelines.

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be estimated using the product limit method of Kaplan Meier.

  5. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be estimated using the product limit method of Kaplan Meier.

  6. Response duration [ Time Frame: From date of first documented response to documented disease relapse, progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 1 year. ]
    First documented response is defined as stringent complete response, complete response, very good partial response, or partial response.

  7. Time to response [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be categorized using IMWG. Will be estimated using the product limit method of Kaplan Meier.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
  • Life expectancy of > 3 months
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2

FOR PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE MYELOMA (MM):

  • Diagnosis of multiple myeloma
  • Patients with MM must have measurable disease, defined as one or more of the following:

    • Serum M-protein >= 0.5 g/dL
    • Urine M-protein >= 200 mg/24 hr
    • Serum immunoglobulin free light chain (FLC) >= 100 mg/L (10 mg/dL) and abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda FLC ratio

      • IgA patients must have serum quantitative immunoglobulin >= 750 mg/dL
      • Patients with oligosecretory or non-secretory disease must have a documented abnormal free light chain ratio (normal value 0.26 to 1.65) or a value beyond the laboratory calculation range
  • Disease must be refractory or relapsed after >= 3 prior regimens (induction therapy and stem cell transplant +/- maintenance will be considered as one regimen)

FOR PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA (CLL):

  • Diagnosis of CLL without the following: Richter's transformation, prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL), small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)
  • Measurable disease, defined as one or more of the following:

    • Lymphocytosis >= 5000 in peripheral blood
    • Measurable lymph nodes > 1.5 cm on palpation and/or computed tomography (CT) scan
    • Organomegaly by physical exam and/or CT scan
  • Active disease per International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic (IWCLL) 2008 criteria, as defined as one of the following:

    • Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of, or worsening of, anemia and/or thrombocytopenia
    • Massive (i.e., at least 6 cm below the left costal margin) or progressive or symptomatic splenomegaly
    • Massive nodes (i.e., at least 10 cm in longest diameter) or progressive or symptomatic lymphadenopathy
    • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of more than 50 percent over a two-month period or lymphocyte doubling time (LDT) of less than six months; LDT can be obtained by linear regression extrapolation of absolute lymphocyte counts obtained at intervals of two weeks over an observation period of two to three months; in patients with initial blood lymphocyte counts of less than 30 x 10^9/L (30,000/L), LDT should not be used as a single parameter to define a treatment indication; in addition, factors contributing to lymphocytosis or lymphadenopathy other than CLL (e.g., infection) should be excluded
    • Autoimmune anemia and/or thrombocytopenia that is poorly responsive to corticosteroids or other standard therapy
    • Constitutional symptoms, defined as any one or more of the following disease-related symptoms or signs:

      • Unintentional weight loss of 10 percent or more within the previous six months
      • Significant fatigue (i.e., ECOG performance scale [PS] 2 or worse; inability to work or perform usual activities)
      • Fevers higher than 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit (F) or 38.0 degrees Celsius (C) for two or more weeks without other evidence of infection
      • Night sweats for more than one month without evidence of infection
  • Received at least 2 prior therapies (regimens) for CLL
  • In the opinion of the investigator do not require rapid cytoreduction due to bulky disease (e.g. painful lymphadenopathy or organomegaly, or impending end-organ dysfunction
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 50,000/mm^3
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN; unless presence of Gilbert's syndrome, liver involvement by CLL or MM, or stable chronic liver disease per investigator's assessment
  • Creatinine clearance of >= 45 mL/min per 24 hour urine collection or the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP): negative urine or serum pregnancy test; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Corrected QT interval (QTc) =< 480 msec per Fridericia's formula AND PR interval =< 200 msec (using 12-lead electrocardiography [EKG])
  • Agreement by woman of childbearing potential and sexually active males to use an effective method of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for three months following duration of study participation

    • A woman of childbearing potential is defined as a sexually mature woman who:

      • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
      • Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months

FOR PATIENTS WITH MM OR CLL:

- At least 2 weeks from prior therapy to time of start of treatment; prior therapy includes steroids (except for =< 10 mg daily prednisone or equivalent which is permitted during the study)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or planned use of other investigational agents, or concurrent biological, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy during the study treatment period
  • Use of a protease inhibitor for any indication within three months prior to start of study treatment
  • Current or planned use of prohibited meds
  • Liver disease, except Gilbert's syndrome, liver involvement by CLL or MM, or stable chronic liver disease per investigator's assessment
  • Current pancreatitis
  • History of allergic reactions or hypersensitivity attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to metformin, ritonavir or any of their ingredients
  • Non-hematologic malignancy within the past 3 years aside from the following exceptions:

    • Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    • Prostate cancer < Gleason grade 6 with a stable prostate-specific antigen test (PSA)
    • Successfully treated in situ carcinoma of the breast
  • Clinically significant cardiac disease, including:

    • >= Grade 2 myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
    • Unstable or uncontrolled disease condition relating to or affecting cardiac function (e.g. unstable angina, congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association Class III-IV) within 6 months prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
    • >= Grade 2 uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
  • Clinically significant medical disease or condition that, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with protocol adherence or the patient's ability to give informed consent
  • Women who are currently or planning to breastfeed during protocol treatment
  • Any other condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures, e.g., infection/inflammation, intestinal obstruction, unable to swallow medication, social/ psychological issues, uncontrolled intercurrent illness etc.
  • Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02948283


Locations
United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nitya Nathwani, MD City of Hope Medical Center

Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02948283     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16331
NCI-2016-01586 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
16331 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
First Posted: October 28, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Weight Loss
Fatigue
Thrombocytopenia
Lymphadenopathy
Splenomegaly
Lymphocytosis
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphatic Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Body Weight Changes
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hypertrophy