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Nab-Paclitaxel and Gemcitabine for Recurrent/Refractory Sarcoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02945800
Recruitment Status : Suspended (Suspended until an amendment and updated ICF are available due to SAE occurance)
First Posted : October 26, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2023
National Pediatric Cancer Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if nab-paclitaxel combined with gemcitabine prevents the formation or growth of tumors in participants with relapsed or refractory osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma and other soft tissue sarcoma and to measure the length of time during and after treatment that their disease does not get worse. Researchers also want to find out if nab-paclitaxel combined with gemcitabine is safe and tolerable.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteosarcoma Ewing Sarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcoma Drug: nab-Paclitaxel Drug: Gemcitabine Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Nab-Paclitaxel in Combination With Gemcitabine for Treatment of Recurrent/Refractory Sarcoma in Teenagers and Young Adults
Actual Study Start Date : October 25, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Combination Therapy
Participants will receive nab-Paclitaxel and Gemcitabine on days 1, 8, and 15 of each 28 day cycle, for up to 12 cycles.
Drug: nab-Paclitaxel
nab-Paclitaxel: 125 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV)
Other Name: Abraxane

Drug: Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine: 1000 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV)
Other Name: Gemzar

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: 13 months ]
    Treatment response will be assessed with the most relevant imaging studies (e.g., CT or MRI) after every two cycles. Standard Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 will be used to assess responses. Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm (<1 cm). Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  2. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 13 months ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first. Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm (0.5 cm).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Occurrence of Study Treatment Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 13 months ]
    Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) V4.0, deemed to be caused by study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be age ≥ 3 and ≤ 30 years, and have had a histologic diagnosis of osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, or rhabdomyosarcoma or non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma either at diagnosis or relapse. Must have experienced relapse after front-line therapy, or have had documented disease progression during front-line therapy.
  • Must have measurable disease that can be assessed using Response Evaluation in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, defined as the presence of at least one lesion on MRI or CT scan that can be accurately measured with the longest diameter of 10 mm in at least one dimension. For this phase II trial, patients with disease limited to bone or marrow metastases are NOT eligible, as disease at these sites cannot be assessed by RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • Must have relapsed or refractory cancers for which there is no known curative option.
  • Prior Therapy: There is no limit to the number of prior therapies provided all eligibility criteria are met. However, participants must have recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior treatment. (A) Must not have received prior therapy with either gemcitabine or nab-paclitaxel. (B) Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: Must not have received myelosuppressive chemotherapy within 3 weeks of protocol therapy on this study. (C) Hematopoietic growth factors: 7 days must have elapsed from the start of protocol therapy since the completion of therapy with filgrastim, and 14 days must have elapsed from the start of protocol therapy after receiving pegfilgrastim. (D) Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): 7 day must have elapsed from the start of protocol therapy since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent. (E) Monoclonal antibodies: 3 half-lives must have elapsed from the start of protocol therapy since prior therapy that included a monoclonal antibody. (F) Radiotherapy: 2 weeks must have elapsed from the start of protocol therapy since local palliative radiotherapy (small port); 3 months must have elapsed if 50% radiation of pelvis; 6 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow irradiation was given. (G) Stem Cell Transplant or Rescue: No evidence of active graft vs. host disease and 2 months must have elapsed from the start of protocol therapy since transplant.
  • Karnofsky performance score must be ≥ 60
  • Must have organ and marrow function
  • Neuropathy: Must have ≤ grade 1 neuropathy at enrollment
  • Central nervous system (CNS) Metastases: Potential participants with known CNS metastases are excluded unless treated surgically or with radiotherapy and stable with no recurrent lesions for at least 3 months from the start of protocol therapy.
  • Contraception: Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception 4 months after completion of gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel administration.
  • Consent: Participants must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent or assent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Potential participants who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Must not be receiving any additional medicines being given for the specific purpose of treating cancer
  • A history of allergic reactions attributed to docetaxel or paclitaxel
  • Concomitant Medications: The metabolism of paclitaxel is catalyzed by CYP2C8 and CYP3A4. The following medicines should be avoided on this study because of their ability to inhibit or induce with CYP2C8 or CYP3A4: A) Inhibitors: ketoconazole and other imidazole antifungals, erythromycin, fluoxetine, gemfibrozil, cimetidine, ritonavir, saquinavir, indinavir, and nelfinavir. B) Inducers: Rifampicin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, efavirenz, and nevirapine. C) Potential participants receiving any of the above medications are ineligible.
  • Potential participants are ineligible if they have uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to: ongoing or active infection; symptomatic congestive heart failure; unstable angina pectoris; cardiac arrhythmia; psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • HIV Infection: HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with the study medications.
  • Anyone who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02945800

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United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
United States, Connecticut
Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Hartford, Connecticut, United States, 06103
United States, Delaware
A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, Delaware - Nemours
Wilmington, Delaware, United States, 19603
United States, Florida
Shand's Hospital for Children at the University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32608
Nemours Children's Clinic
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207
Holtz Children's Hospital at the University of Miami
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Coordinating Center
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Kentucky
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40506
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Carolinas Medical Center, Levine Cancer Institute
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28303
United States, Ohio
Nationwide Children's Hospital
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43205
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt - Ingram Cancer Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
National Pediatric Cancer Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Javier E. Oesterheld, M.D. Carolinas Medical Center, Levine Cancer Institute
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02945800    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-18613
First Posted: October 26, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 2, 2023
Last Verified: February 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
soft tissue
bones and joints
non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma, Ewing
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs