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Deferasirox in Treating Patients With Very Low, Low, or Intermediate-Risk Red Blood Cell Transfusion Dependent Anemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02943668
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Terminated due to low accrual)
First Posted : October 25, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 28, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well deferasirox works in treating patients with very low, low, or intermediate-risk anemia or myelodysplastic syndrome that depends on red blood cell transfusions. Deferasirox may treat too much iron in the blood caused by blood transfusions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome Drug: Deferasirox Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the activity of iron chelation therapy (ICT) with deferasirox, in patients with anemia due to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Reduction in red blood cell (RBC) transfusion requirements. II. Hematologic improvement. III. Change in serum ferritin levels from baseline to the end of the study as measured on a monthly basis.

IV. Safety and tolerability of deferasirox.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Blood and marrow samples will be taken to study erythropoiesis and the impact of iron overload on erythropoiesis.

OUTLINE: Patients receive deferasirox orally (PO) once daily (QD). Treatment continues for up to 52 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Deferasirox in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes Who Are Anemic With Iron Overload
Actual Study Start Date : March 2, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 17, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : December 17, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Deferasirox

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (deferasirox)
Patients receive deferasirox PO QD. Treatment continues for up to 52 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Deferasirox
Given PO
Other Name: Exjade

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients that achieve erythroid hematologic improvement. [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    As defined by the modified International Working Group (IWG) response criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in red blood cell (RBC) transfusion requirements [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
    Assessed monthly for up to twelve months.

  2. Change in serum ferritin levels [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
    Assessed monthly for up to twelve months.

  3. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    As measured by grade 3 and 4 non-hematologic adverse events according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.03.

  4. Proportion of patients who achieve granulocyte or platelet hematologic improvement [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    As defined by the modified IWG response criteria.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Capable of giving written informed consent prior to any study-specific procedures
  • Diagnosis of MDS as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria
  • Have very low, low or intermediate-risk disease by the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R)
  • Baseline serum ferritin level >= 100 ng/mL
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Anemia defined as: hemoglobin =< 10.0 g/dL
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3.5 times ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 40 mL/min
  • Males and females with reproductive potential must agree to use medically approved contraceptive precautions during the study and for 3 months following the last dose of deferasirox

    • Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using effective methods of contraception during dosing of study treatment; effective contraception methods include:

      • Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
      • Barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository
      • Total abstinence or (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject); periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
      • Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment; in case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
      • Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening); for female subjects on the study, the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject
    • Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago; in the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential; sexually active males must use a condom during intercourse while taking drug and for 28 days after stopping study medication and should not father a child in this period; a condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men in order to prevent delivery of the drug via seminal fluid
  • Females with childbearing potential* must have had a negative urine or serum pregnancy test =< 7 days before the first dose of deferasirox and must also not be breastfeeding
  • Reliable and willing to make themselves available for the duration of the study and are willing to follow study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • If the patient is currently receiving erythroid stimulating agents (ESA) with plans to continue during study, less than 2 months duration of ESA prior to starting study drug and no dose escalation within 2 months of start of study drug
  • If the patient is being treated with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (GCSF) and/or a TPO-mimetic (for example, eltrombopag or romiplostim) with plans to continue during the study: Less than 2 months duration of GCSF or the TPO-mimetic treatment prior to starting study drug; or GCSF and/or TPO-mimetic has been added to ESA therapy within 2 months of start of study drug
  • If patient is being treated with lenalidomide with plans to continue during the study: Stable dose for less than 3 months prior to start of study drug
  • If patient is being treated with hypomethylating agents (HMA) (for example, azacitidine or decitabine) with plans to continue during the study: Stable dose for less than 6 months prior to start of study drug
  • Currently enrolled in, or discontinued within the last 14 days from a clinical trial involving an investigational product or non-approved use of a drug, or concurrently enrolled in any other type of medical research judged not to be scientifically or medically compatible with this study
  • Presence of >= 10% blast by morphologic examination of bone marrow aspirate or biopsy
  • Platelets =< 50,000
  • Microcytosis on screening blood cell count (CBC) (mean corpuscular volume [MCV] < 81 fL)
  • Active gastrointestinal (GI) ulceration or hemorrhage
  • Have a serious preexisting medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator would preclude participation in the study (for example a GI disorder causing clinically significant symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, or malabsorption syndrome) or that would result in a life expectancy of less than 1 year
  • Known hypersensitivity to deferasirox
  • History of non-transfusional hemosiderosis
  • Prior hematopoietic stem cell transplant for the diagnosis of MDS
  • A second primary malignancy that in the judgment of the principal investigator (PI) or designee may affect the interpretation of results
  • Have an active fungal, bacterial, and/or known viral infection including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or viral (A, B, or C) hepatitis
  • Currently using aluminum-containing antacid products
  • History of clinically significant auditory or ocular toxicity with ICT

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02943668


Locations
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United States, Washington
Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Bart Scott Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
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Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02943668    
Other Study ID Numbers: 9422
NCI-2016-01457 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9422 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 25, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Preleukemia
Anemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Hematologic Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Deferasirox
Iron Chelating Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action