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Capecitabine and Lenvatinib With External Radiation in Rectal Adenocarcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02935309
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 17, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 31, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
This research study is designed to see if Capecitabine and Lenvatinib in combination with external radiation therapy are effective in treating locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma in patients who have not yet had surgery, and what the best dosage is.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rectal Cancer Rectal Adenocarcinoma Drug: Lenvatinib Drug: Capecitabine Radiation: External Radiation Therapy (XRT) Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Pre-operative Capecitabine and Lenvatinib With External Radiation Therapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Adenocarcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : October 14, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 11, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : May 14, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pre-Surgery Chemotherapy/Radiotherapy
Pre-surgery chemotherapy and external radiation therapy. Dose escalation of Lenvatinib; fixed dose Capecitabine; Radiotherapy. Lenvatinib and capecitabine will be started on day 1 with radiation and will be discontinued on the last day of radiation. Surgical resection should occur between 6 - 10 weeks after the participant completes preoperative lenvatinib, capecitabine, and radiation therapy. Postoperative chemotherapy after surgery will be given at investigator's discretion.
Drug: Lenvatinib
Pre-surgery Lenvatinib, days 1 - 5. Dose Escalation Levels: 1.) 10 mg by mouth (PO) daily (QD); 2.) 14 mg PO QD; 3.) 20 mg PO QD; 4.) 24 PO QD.
Other Name: E7080

Drug: Capecitabine
Pre-surgery Capecitabine, 850 mg/m^2, twice a day (BID) on days 1-5 for 5½ -6 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Teva-Capecitabine
  • Xeloda

Radiation: External Radiation Therapy (XRT)
Pre-surgery RT: Participants will receive 6 weeks of radiation therapy. The radiation sessions will be daily, Monday through Friday, except for holidays.
Other Names:
  • Radiotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy (RT)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    MTD of lenvatinib used in combination with capecitabine and external beam radiation as neoadjuvant therapy for patients with locally advanced rectal carcinoma. The MTD of lenvatinib will be defined as the highest dose level at which no more than 1 out of 6 participants experiences dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). DLT: Any of the hematology or non-hematologic toxicities noted in Table 3 of the protocol, considered to be at least possibly related to lenvatinib and/or capecitabine.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Pathologic Response [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Pathologic response rate after pre-operative therapy and surgery. Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) will be defined as pathologic proof of a complete response based on histologic evaluation of the resected specimen.

  2. Occurrence of Treatment Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    To further define safety profile of the combination. Adverse events will be graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) Version 4.0.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Rate of Potential Biomarkers for Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Investigators will identify potential biomarkers for VEGF pathway and attempt to correlate with pCR. The associations of the potential biomarkers and radiosensitivity index (RSI) with pCR will be examined using logistic regression. A two-sided p-value of <0.05 will be considered statistically significant.

  2. Radiosensitivity Index (RSI) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    To determine if low radiosensitivity index (RSI) will correlate with pathologic complete response (pCR). pCR will be examined using logistic regression. A two-sided p-value of <0.05 will be considered statistically significant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically (archival tissue) confirmed adenocarcinoma of the rectum that begins within 12 cm of the anal verge as determined by sigmoidoscopy and/or colonoscopy with no evidence of distant metastasis.
  • Locally advanced rectal cancer determined by any of the following features: 1.) Fixed or immobile tumor on physical exam and/or; 2.) T3 disease with invasion through the muscularis propria as defined by transrectal ultrasound, CT or MRI; 3.) T4 disease with invasion of adjacent structures such as pelvic sidewall, sacrum, pelvis, bladder and/or prostate as determined appropriate imaging modalities such as ultrasound, CT or MRI; 4.) Any T with + N on CT scan/MRI or transrectal ultrasound.
  • Age equal to or greater than 18 years
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0 or 1.
  • Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed within 7 days prior to the start of treatment.
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Men should use adequate birth control for at least 3 months after the last administration of lenvatinib.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent. A signed informed consent must be obtained prior to any study specific procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA). Participants must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Previous pelvic irradiation therapy.
  • Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg, despite optimal medical management.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic hepatitis B or C.
  • Active clinically serious infection > CTCAE Grade 2.
  • Thrombotic or embolic events such as a cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic, attacks, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) within the past 6 months.
  • Bleeding or thrombotic disorders or use of anticoagulants, such as warfarin, or similar agents requiring therapeutic international normalized ration (INR) monitoring. (Treatment with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is allowed).
  • Active malignancy except for non-melanoma skin cancer or in situ cervical cancer or treated non-pelvic cancer from which the patient has been continuously disease free more than 3 years.
  • Marked baseline prolongation of QT/QTc interval (QTc interval ≥ 500 msec) using the Fridericia method (QTc = QT/RR0.33) for QTc analysis.
  • Greater than 30 mg/dL on urine analysis. Patients with >30 mg/dL on urine analysis on urine analysis will undergo 24-hour urine collection for quantitative assessment of proteinuria. Patients with 24-hour protein ≥1 g/24 hours will be ineligible.
  • Needing medical attention for serious bleeding in past 4 weeks.
  • Previous chemotherapy except for antiangiogenic agent or tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) will be allowed as long as it is more than 5 years.
  • Major surgeries within 3 weeks of starting chemotherapy.
  • Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis.
  • Use of St. John's Wort or rifampin.
  • Known or suspected allergy to lenvatinib or any agent given in the course of this trial.
  • Any condition that impairs participant's ability to swallow whole pills.
  • Any malabsorption problem.
  • Medical need for the continued use of potent inhibitors/inducers of CYP3A4.
  • Creatinine clearance not within study guidelines.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02935309

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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
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Principal Investigator: Richard Kim, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02935309    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-18646
First Posted: October 17, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2022
Last Verified: May 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Rectal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors