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A Pilot Dose-Response Biomarker Study of Brexpiprazole Treatment in PTSD

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02934932
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Terminated due to slow enrollment.)
First Posted : October 17, 2016
Results First Posted : March 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 5, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Otsuka America Pharmaceutical
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:
Determine if brexpiprazole treatment will be associated with a dose-dependent reduction in resting pupil diameter as a reflection of locus coeruleus (LC) norepinephrine (NE) neuron target engagement in a group of subjects with PTSD. All subjects will be evaluated by physical examination, ECG, standard blood chemistry, hematologic labs, toxicology testing, and urinalysis. Results of these studies must demonstrate a lack of clinically significant abnormalities prior to enrollment. Subjects will need to satisfy DSM-5 criteria for PTSD and receive a CAPS-5 score of 40 or greater on testing for study enrollment. Resting pupil diameter during pupillometric evaluation after two weeks on each treatment will serve as the primary outcome measure. This will be compared in the treatment groups using mixed effects repeated measures models to evaluate if there is a significant difference in pupil size among the treatments studied. As a secondary analysis this approach will be used to evaluate whether there is treatment effect on total CAPS-5 score. Lastly, the investigators will compute correlations between pupil size and CAPS-5 scores.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Drug: Brexpiprazole Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary Hypothesis: Brexpiprazole treatment will be associated with dose-dependent reduction in resting pupil diameter as a reflection of LC NE neuron target engagement in a group of subjects with PTSD. Secondary Hypothesis: Brexpiprazole therapy will be associated with a dosedependent decrease in CAPS-5 scores Tertiary Hypothesis: The pre-post treatment change in resting pupil diameter will be statistically significantly correlated with the pre-post change in CAPS-5 score.

Subjects will be screened and will undergo pupil measures with rating scales on Visit 1. Subject must be free of all psychotropic medications for one week before Day 1 assessment, except that prior FLX treatment will require 4 weeks of abstinence, and MAOIs will require 2 weeks of abstinence. They will be randomized to study drug an issued six weeks of study medication on Day 1 to take home. A phone call will then occur for safety assessment and medication adherence at every week. They will present back to the study site on Day 42 and undergo pupil measures with rating scales. They will then undergo a one week washout period. On Day 49 they will then be given another study drug to take home with rating scales and pupil measures obtained that day. A phone call will then occur for safety assessment and medication adherence at every week. They will present back to the study site on Day 91 and undergo pupil measures with rating scales. They will then undergo a one week washout period. On Day 98 they will then be given another study drug to take home with rating scales and pupil measures obtained that day. A phone call will then occur for safety assessment and medication adherence at every week. They will present back to the study site on Day 140 and undergo pupil measures with rating scales. No more study medication will be provide on Day 140 and a final visit will be scheduled for on Day 147, one week later, for and end of study interview with labs and physical exam. At each visit, other than the final visit, subjects will complete the CAPS-5, MADRS, Insomnia Severity Index, and Clinician Assessment for Adverse Effects.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Dose-Response Biomarker Study of Brexpiprazole Treatment in PTSD
Actual Study Start Date : April 25, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 30, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Brexpiprazole 2mg
Subjects will be titrated to this dose of brexpiprazole for 6 weeks.
Drug: Brexpiprazole
Comparison of brexpiprazole 2mg to placebo Comparison of brexpiprazole 4mg to placebo
Other Name: Rexulti

Experimental: Brexpiprazole 4mg
Subjects will be titrated to this dose of brexpiprazole for 6 weeks.
Drug: Brexpiprazole
Comparison of brexpiprazole 2mg to placebo Comparison of brexpiprazole 4mg to placebo
Other Name: Rexulti

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Subjects will be titrated to this dose of placebo for 6 weeks.
Drug: Brexpiprazole
Comparison of brexpiprazole 2mg to placebo Comparison of brexpiprazole 4mg to placebo
Other Name: Rexulti




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Resting Pupil Diameter [ Time Frame: Baseline to 6 weeks for each treatment arm ]
    Evaluate the effects of two doses of brexpiprazole on locus coeruleus (LC) norepinephrine (NE) neuron activity.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in CAPS-5 Ratings Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to 6 weeks for each treatment arm ]
    Determine the effect of brexpiprazole therapy on PTSD symptom severity



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants will be 18-65 years of age.
  • All subjects will be evaluated by physical examination, ECG, standard blood chemistry, hematologic labs, toxicology testing, and urinalysis at baseline and end of study. Results of these studies must demonstrate a lack of clinically significant abnormalities prior to enrollment. If results are outside of the normal reference range the study physician will be consulted to assess if clinically significant.
  • Subjects will need to satisfy DSM-5 criteria for PTSD and receive a CAPS-5 score of 40 or greater on testing for study enrollment.
  • Subjects will need to be free of psychotropic medications or treatments that could impact results of this study as deemed by the PI for at least 1 week.
  • If the subject's primary psychiatrist or treating primary care physician are providing the subject with psychotropic medications they will be notified and a discussion about tapering current psychotropic medications prior to study enrollment will occur.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects will be excluded if they have significant medical or neurologic conditions (other than mild to moderate TBI), specifically seizures, or movement disorders,
  2. have substance abuse within 12 months of study enrollment, substance dependence within past three months, per DSM-5 criteria (excluding caffeine and nicotine). The absence of substance use will be determined by self-report and confirmed by the results of urine toxicology at screening.
  3. Women who are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant while enrolled in this study will also be excluded.
  4. Subjects with a history of severe drug allergy or hypersensitivity, or known hypersensitivity to the Brexpiprazole or its ingredients.
  5. The subject has a history of tardive dyskinesia.
  6. The subject has clinically significant extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) including akathisia.
  7. The subject has epilepsy or a history of seizures, except for a single seizure episode (e.g., childhood febrile seizure, post traumatic, or alcohol withdrawal).
  8. The subject has chronic, uncontrolled, or unstable clinically relevant medical conditions Including:

    • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as blood pressure greater than 180/90
    • Hypotension defined as a blood pressure less than 90/60
    • Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score ≥7)
    • Moderate, Severe or End-Stage Renal Impairment (CrCL <60ml/min)
    • Known CYP2DG Poor Metabolizers
    • Heart failure NYHA Class III or IV
    • Diabetes mellitus or HbA1c greater than 5.7% (which defines pre-diabetes)
    • Hypertriglyceridemia defined as triglycerides greater than 200mg/dL
    • Low white blood cell count (below lower range of normal)
    • History of leukopenia or neutropenia
    • Arrhythmia with heart rate greater than 100bpm
    • Myocardial infarction in the past 6 months
    • Cerebrovascular accident in the past 6 months
    • Recurrent syncope
    • Seizure disorder
    • Currently receiving treatment for malignancy
    • QTc interval of greater than 450ms on electrocardiogram
  9. The subject has a neurodegenerative disorder (Alzheimer disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, Huntington disease, etc.).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02934932


Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Pamela Smith
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27712
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Otsuka America Pharmaceutical
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Steven T Szabo, MD, PhD Duke University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Duke University:

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Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02934932     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00071923
First Posted: October 17, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 5, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 5, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brexpiprazole
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Agonists
Dopamine Agents