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Impact of GHRH on Sleep Promotion and Endocrine Regulation in Service Members Who Sustained a Traumatic Brain Injury and Have Current Insomnia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02931474
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : October 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

People who have had a traumatic brain injury (TBI) often have trouble sleeping. TBI may also alter hormones, which can cause poor sleep. Researchers believe that a form of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) might improve sleep in service members and veterans who have had a TBI.

Objective:

To see if GHRH can improve sleep in people who have had a TBI.

Eligibility:

Active duty service members or veterans (active duty in the past 10 years) ages 18-45 who have had a TBI in the past 6 months to 10 years.

Design:

Participants will be screened with:

Medical history

Physical exam

Blood and urine tests

Getting ACTH (a hormone) through an intravenous catheter (thin plastic tube)

Interview about their mood and alcohol and drug use

Questionnaires about their TBI, mood, and sleep

Participants will have 2 overnight study visits a couple weeks apart. These will include:

Physical exam

Urine sample

Two intravenous catheters placed. Blood samples will be taken throughout the night.

Two shots under the skin of the belly. The shots will be GHRH on one visit and placebo on the other.

Spending the night in the sleep lab. Their brain waves will be recorded with electrodes placed on the scalp.

A questionnaire in the morning about their sleep

Participants will be called a few days after each overnight visit. They will be asked about how they are feeling and to rate their sleep.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sleep Disorder Traumatic Brain Injury Drug: Tesamorelin Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Objective: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the hallmark injury of deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan. Up to one-third of service members who sustain a TBI are diagnosed with a sleep disorder; insomnia being one of the most common. Currently, over half of TBI-associated insomnia cases remain untreated due to poor efficacy of available pharmacologic agents. Neuroendocrine dysfunction is an important mechanism linking TBI and disordered sleep, thus pharmacological agents that address this dysfunction may be effective in treating TBI-related insomnia. The neuroendocrine system is essential for regulating sleep and circadian function. Decreased neuroendocrine function, including the hypothalamus and the somatotrophic cells of the anterior pituitary, which regulate growth hormone secretion, likely contributes to insomnia. This assertion is supported by previous studies that demonstrated the sleep-promoting effects of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) administration in healthy controls, the elderly, and participants with depression. Therefore, we propose that administration of GHRH will address the underlying mechanisms of insomnia in service members and veterans who sustained a TBI, and provide a pharmacological agent more robust than currently available treatments.

Study population: This study will recruit 50 active duty service members and veterans with a documented TBI to participate in one of two study groups. The insomnia group (n=25) will include participants that have a current clinical diagnosis of insomnia without obstructive sleep apnea. The no-insomnia group (n=25) will include participants with no current clinical diagnosis of insomnia or obstructive sleep apnea. Withdrawals/dropouts will be replaced to obtain 20 participants per group who complete the study.

Design: A double-blind, randomized, crossover design will be used to examine the impact of tesamorelin (GHRH (1-44) analog) or placebo on total non-rapid eye movement (NREM) time evaluated during two polysomnography visits, scheduled 1-3 weeks apart. Serial blood draws will be obtained during the polysomnography to examine endocrine function and neuropeptide release.

Outcome measures: The primary outcome is change in NREM time following tesamorelin administration compared to placebo. The secondary outcomes are (1) within and between group differences in plasma concentration levels of neuroendocrine proteins following tesamorelin administration compared to placebo and (2) within and between group differences in urinary concentration levels of growth hormone following tesamorelin administration compared to placebo.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Impact of GHRH on Sleep Promotion and Endocrine Regulation in Service Members Who Sustained a Traumatic Brain Injury and Have Current Insomnia
Study Start Date : October 6, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 8, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 8, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Tesamorelin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Salt Water Solution
Other: Placebo
Experimental: Tesamorelin
Growth Hormone-Releasing
Drug: Tesamorelin
Growth Hormone-Releasing




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in NREM time following tesamorelin administration compared to placebo [ Time Frame: 1-3 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Within and between group differences in plasma concentration levels of neuroendocrine proteins following tesamorelin administration compared to placebo [ Time Frame: 1-3 weeks ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Both groups may be eligible for this research study if they:

  1. Are between 18 and 45 years of age (on Visit 1)
  2. Are active duty service members or veterans who were active duty within the past 10 years (on Visit 1)
  3. Are able to provide medical records documenting a TBI, which occurred within the past 6 months to 10 years (on Visit 1)
  4. Are able to provide their own consent
  5. Are able to understand the study, as shown by scoring a 6 out of 6 on a consent quiz
  6. (For women only) agree not to breastfeed from the time of enrollment in the study until 1 month after the last exposure to tesamorelin
  7. (For women of childbearing potential only) have a negative urine pregnancy test and agree to use two effective methods of contraception from the time of enrollment in the study until 1 month after the last exposure to tesamorelin

The insomnia group may be eligible for this research study if they:

  1. Have a current clinical diagnosis of insomnia determined by polysomnography
  2. Have a PSQI score greater than 10

The no-insomnia group may be eligible for this research study if they:

  1. Have no current clinical diagnosis of insomnia determined by self-report
  2. Have a PSQI score less than or equal to 5

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Both groups may not be eligible for this research study if they:

  1. Have obstructive sleep apnea determined by polysomnography (insomnia group) or selfreport (no-insomnia group)
  2. Have a known hypersensitivity to tesamorelin and/or mannitol
  3. Have taken any of the following medications within the past 30 days: benzodiazepines (e.g., Valium, Ativan, etc.); benzodiazepine receptor agonists (e.g., Ambien, Lunesta, etc.); opiates (e.g., Codeine, Percocet, etc.); or sedatives (e.g., Amytal, Numbutal, etc.)
  4. Cannot abstain from using stimulants such as amphetamines (e.g., Adderall, Ritalin, etc.); caffeine (e.g., coffee, cola, etc.); ephedrine (e.g., diet pills, energy drinks, etc.); and eugeroics (e.g., Modafinil, Provigil, etc.) from at least 9:00 AM on Visits 2 and 3
  5. Are under treatment for a major injury (e.g., amputation, burns, eye injury, skeletal injury, severe infection, etc.)
  6. Have a major medical illness (e.g., active malignancy, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, HIV, etc.)
  7. Are at risk for self-harm determined by a licensed independent practitioner
  8. Have indications of recreational substance use determined by a urine drug test
  9. Have an abnormal lab value that may indicate major medical illness, which was not cleared by a licensed independent practitioner
  10. Have an abnormal lab value that may indicate endocrine dysfunction, which was not cleared by a licensed independent practitioner
  11. Have adrenal insufficiency determined by the ACTH stimulation test
  12. Have a current bipolar disorder determined by the SCID-IV-TR
  13. Have a current psychotic disorder determined by the SCID-IV-TR
  14. Have current alcohol dependence determined by the SCID-IV-TR
  15. Have current drug dependence determined by the SCID-IV-TR

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02931474


Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jessica Gill, Ph.D. National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)

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Responsible Party: National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02931474     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 170005
17-NR-0005
First Posted: October 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 19, 2019
Last Verified: March 8, 2017
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) ):
Growth Hormone
Traumatic Brain Injury
Insomnia
Polysomnography
NREM Sleep
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Sleep Wake Disorders
Wounds and Injuries
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias
Mental Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Hormones
Tesamorelin
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Substances