Occult Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Detection by Pulsated Carboxymetry in an Emergency Department (MAS-CO)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02931448|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2016 by Poitiers University Hospital.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : October 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 23, 2017
In France, the carbon monoxide is one of the first causes of the accidental poisonings with approximately 8000 cases a year, among which 500 deaths.
The severe forms are translated by neurological disorders even a coma or the death straight away. The more insidious forms with a little carboxyhémoglobine level give rise to frustrate clinical pictures, mimicking flu or intestinal syndromes. The syndrome post--intervallaire corresponds to the appearance of remote neuropsychiatric disorders of the poisoning. Its appearance and its gravity are not correlated in the gravity of the initial poisoning, however the precocity of the treatment tends to decrease its frequency.
Carbon monoxide elimination is made under unchanged form in the expired air. In a spontaneous way, the half-life in ambient air is of the order of 4 hours. In ventilation in isobaric pure oxygen, the half-life is shortened at 80 minutes and in hyperbaric oxygen at 23 minutes.
This imposes a fast diagnosis for two reasons:
- For poisonings with low level, the more the investigators wait to measure the carboxyhémoglobine (HBCO), the more they risk not to detect it.
- The oxygen therapy decreases the duration of the poisoning and thus the tissular suffering.
Actually the risk is important to pass next to the diagnosis and to let leave a patient without adapted care and without technical intervention to eliminate the source of the poisoning.
Presently, to make the diagnosis, the investigators possess the analysis of the blood HbCO by realization of gas of the venous blood, which are taken in emergencies, but very often a few hours after the end of the exposure at the source of poisoning, what is translated by a disappearance of the symptoms and an underestimate of the initial blood HbCO. Since 2005, MASIMO laboratory commercialize a pulse carboxymètre, the RAD 57, which allows to estimate the carboxyhémoglobinémie in a not invasive way.
Lot of studies showed the interest of its use in the early screening of carbon monoxide poisonings, allowing a faster dosage of the blood HbCO, and thus an also faster adapted care.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Carbon Monoxide Poisoning||Device: Dosage of the blood HbCO thanks to the carboxymeter MASIMO RAD 57|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||150 participants|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2018|
- Incidence of poisoning carbon monoxide confirmed [ Time Frame: up to 24 hours ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02931448
|Contact: Jérémy Guénézan, Hospital firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Olivier Mimoz, Professoremail@example.com|
|Poitiers Universitary Hospital||Recruiting|
|Poitiers, France, 86021|
|Contact: Nicolas MARJANOVIC, Hospital practitioner 05.49.44.18.73 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Jérémy GUENEZAN, Hospital practitioner 05.49.44.36.94 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Jérémy GUENEZAN, Hospital practitioner|
|Sub-Investigator: Nicolas MARJANOVIC, Hospital practitioner|
|Sub-Investigator: Erwan RIPLEY, Hospital practitioner|