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Rice Bran Supplementation in Treated HIV Infection (BRM4)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02922907
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 4, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Dube, University of Southern California

Brief Summary:
Double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial of Arabinoxylan Rice Bran Supplementation for 12 weeks with BRM4 in HIV-infected participants with inadequate immune reconstitution.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Inflammation in HIV Infection Dietary Supplement: arabinoxylan rice bran Dietary Supplement: Placebo for arabinoxylan rice bran Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Rationale: HIV infected persons have greater levels of inflammation and immune activation compared to the general population and are at greater risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) and other inflammation-associated co-morbidities. Intervention with BRM4 (Arabinoxylan Rice Bran Supplementation) in this population with impaired immune reconstitution may improve inflammation by a variety of mechanisms.

Intervention: Arabinoxylan Rice Bran Supplementation with BRM4, is a nutritional supplement marketed in the US. It is composed of dietary fiber obtained from a denatured hemicellulose that is obtained by reacting rice bran hemicellulose with multiple carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes from Shiitake mushrooms.

Objectives: The primary objective is to evaluate if 12 weeks of supplementation with arabinoxylan rice bran can safely reduce markers of inflammation during ART-suppressed HIV infection and thus potentially reduce the potential to develop end-organ disease in this group of at-risk patients.

Study population: HIV-infected participants (≥18 years of age) who have been on stable ART for at least 24 weeks prior to study entry, and have impaired immune reconstitution defined as a CD4+ T-cell count 100-350 cells/mm3 prior to study entry, with plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL. In order to assure 24 evaluable subjects, the investigators will enroll 28 subjects total (assuming 15% lost to follow-up rate).

Study methodology: Randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial

Description of study arms: At entry participants will be randomized to one of the following arms:

Arm 1: BRM4 two 500mg capsules thrice daily p.o. for 12 weeks

Arm 2: Placebo for Biobran two capsules thrice daily p.o. for 12 weeks

Study endpoints: Primary - changes in sCD14 levels after 12 weeks of intervention. Secondary - week 12 changes in other inflammatory markers, microbial translocation, T-cell counts, and metabolic variables.

Follow-up: Participants will not be followed after study completion, unless follow-up is necessary for an adverse event.

Statistics: A total sample of 24 evaluable subjects (12 per arm) is needed to detect a clinically relevant difference of 0.07 log10 in sCD14 levels between treatment vs. placebo arms with 90% power and a 0.05 two-sided type I error rate.

Plans for analysis: For the primary analysis, changes in sCD14 (and other biomarkers) from baseline to week 12 will be compared between the treatment arm and the placebo arm by a two-sided, two-sample t-test.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Arabinoxylan Rice Bran Supplementation in Participants With Treated, Suppressed HIV Infection and Inadequate Immune Reconstitution
Actual Study Start Date : March 24, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 3, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : December 3, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arabinoxylan Rice Bran
BRM4 two 500mg capsules thrice daily p.o. for 12 weeks
Dietary Supplement: arabinoxylan rice bran
a proprietary product derived from rice bran treated with extracts from three mushrooms
Other Name: Biobran, BRM4

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo for BRM4 two 500mg capsules thrice daily p.o. for 12 weeks
Dietary Supplement: Placebo for arabinoxylan rice bran
inactive product

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in soluble CD14 levels will be compared between the supplement or placebo [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Marker of macrophage activation

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in LPS levels [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    measure of gut microbial translocation

  2. changes in hsCRP levels [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    inflammatory biomarker

  3. changes in D-dimer levels [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    coagulation biomarker

  4. changes in soluble CD163 levels [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    marker of macrophage activation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented HIV-1 infection
  • Currently on a combination antiretroviral regimen for ≥24 weeks prior to study entry with no interruption longer than 7 consecutive days during that period.
  • Plasma HIV-1 RNA levels below 50 copies/mL for at least 24 weeks prior to study entry.
  • CD4+ cell count 100-350 cells/mm3 obtained within 90 days prior to study entry.
  • The following laboratory values obtained within 90 days prior to entry by any US laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent.

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥750/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL
    • Platelet count ≥50,000/mm3
    • Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥50 mL/min as estimated by the Cockroft-Gault formula
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) ≤5 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) ≤5 x ULN.
    • alkaline phosphatase ≤5 x ULN.
    • Total bilirubin ≤2.5 x ULN (if the participant is receiving atazanavir, a total bilirubin of ≤5 x ULN is acceptable)
  • For females of reproductive potential (women who have not been post-menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months, i.e. who have had menses within 24 months prior to study entry), or women who have not undergone surgical sterilization (specifically hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or tubal ligation), will require a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (latter with a sensitivity of 15-25 mIU/mL) within 2 days prior to entry.
  • If participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy, the female study volunteer must be willing to use a contraceptive while receiving protocol-specified medication
  • Men and women age 18 years or greater.
  • Ability and willingness of participant or legal guardian/representative to provide informed consent.
  • Participants on statin therapy must be stable on the same dose for at least the prior 12 weeks with no anticipated change in statin or dose during the intervention

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Change in the ART regimen within the 12 weeks prior to study entry, or anticipated/intended modification of ART during the study period.
  • Two or more HIV-1 RNA determinations >200 copies/mL within the 48 week period prior to study entry.
  • Use of any immunomodulator, HIV vaccine, investigational therapy, or anti-TNF therapies within 90 days prior to study entry.
  • Active malignancy with expected need for systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy during the study period.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Known allergy/sensitivity to rice, rice bran, mushrooms, or related food products.
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements.
  • Acute or serious illness requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization within 90 days prior to entry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02922907

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United States, California
Rand Schrader Health and Research Clinic
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
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Study Director: Michael P Dubé, MD University of Souther California
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Responsible Party: Michael Dube, Professor of Medicine, University of Southern California Identifier: NCT02922907    
Other Study ID Numbers: HS-16-00428
First Posted: October 4, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 29, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Blood-Borne Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases