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Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Bleselumab in Preventing the Recurrence of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis in de Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02921789
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 3, 2016
Results First Posted : January 5, 2022
Last Update Posted : June 14, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Astellas Pharma Inc ( Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the bleselumab regimen (basiliximab induction, tacrolimus, steroids and bleselumab) compared with the Standard of Care (SOC) regimen (basiliximab induction, tacrolimus, steroids and mycophenolate mofetil [MMF]) in the prevention of recurrent Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (rFSGS) defined as nephrotic range proteinuria with protein-creatinine ratio (≥ 3.0 g/g) through 3 months post-transplant. Death, graft loss or lost to follow-up were imputed as rFSGS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Transplantation Primary Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) Drug: Bleselumab Drug: Basiliximab Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Drug: Tacrolimus Capsules Drug: Methylprednisone Drug: Prednisone Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The study consisted of the following periods: Screening (Days -21 to -1), Transplant (Day 0), Post-Transplant (Day 0/post-skin closure through 12 months post-transplant). All subjects entered into a Screening Period (Days -21 to -1 prior to transplant), and underwent a Transplant (Day 0 [zero]), and then followed for up to 12 months in the Post-Transplant Period (Day 0 through 12 months post-transplant).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 67 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2a, Randomized, Open-Label, Active Control, Multi-Center Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Bleselumab in Preventing the Recurrence of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis in de Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients
Actual Study Start Date : May 22, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 11, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : May 18, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard of Care (SOC) Regimen
Participants received SOC regimen (basiliximab induction, MMF, Tacrolimus, Methylprednisone, Prednisolone). Basiliximab 20 milligrams (mg) administered by intravenous injection prior to transplantation or intra- operatively before revascularisation as induction therapy and 20mg on day 3 or 4 or 5 post-transplant. MMF 1 gram (g) administered orally or intravenously twice daily until 12 months post transplant. Tacrolimus 0.1 milligram per kilogram per day (mg/kg/day) (two equally divided doses at 0.05 mg/kg/day every 12 hours with a target trough level of 4 - 11 nanogram per milliliter (ng/mL) administered orally within 48 hours post-transplant until 12 months post transplant. Methylprednisone 500, 250, 125 and 60mg administered orally or intravenously on days 0, 1, 2 and 3 respectively and continue through 12 months post transplant. Prednisolone administered orally by tapered doses of 20-30 mg on days 4-14, 10-20mg on days 15-28, 5-10mg on days 29 through 12 months post transplant.
Drug: Basiliximab
Bolus injection
Other Name: Simulect®

Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)
Oral Intravenous
Other Names:
  • CellCept®
  • MMF

Drug: Tacrolimus Capsules
Oral Capsule
Other Name: Prograf®

Drug: Methylprednisone
Oral or Intravenous

Drug: Prednisone
Oral Tablet

Experimental: Bleselumab Regimen
Participants received bleselumab regimen (basiliximab induction, bleselumab, Tacrolimus, Methylprednisone, Prednisolone). Basiliximab 20mg administered by intravenous injection prior to transplantation or intra - operatively before revascularisation as induction therapy and 20mg on day 3 or 4 or 5 post-transplant. Bleselumab 200mg administered by intravenous infusion on day 0, 7, 14, 28, 42, 56, 70, 90 and once per month until month 12. Tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day (two equally divided doses at 0.05 mg/kg/day every 12 hours with a target trough level of 4 - 11 ng/mL) administered orally within 48 hours post transplant until 12 months post transplant. Methylprednisone 500, 250, 125 and 60mg administered orally or intravenously on days 0, 1, 2 and 3 respectively and continue through 12 months post transplant. Prednisolone administered orally by tapered doses of 20-30 mg on days 4-14, 10-20mg on days 15-28, 5-10mg on days 29 through 12 months post transplant.
Drug: Bleselumab
Intravenous infusion
Other Name: ASKP1240

Drug: Basiliximab
Bolus injection
Other Name: Simulect®

Drug: Tacrolimus Capsules
Oral Capsule
Other Name: Prograf®

Drug: Methylprednisone
Oral or Intravenous

Drug: Prednisone
Oral Tablet




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Recurrence of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (rFSGS) or Death or Graft Loss or Lost to Follow-up Through 3 Months Post Transplant [ Time Frame: At 3 Months post transplant ]
    rFSGS was defined as nephrotic range proteinuria with a protein/creatinine ratio (≥ 3.0 g/g). Death, graft loss or lost to follow-up was imputed as rFSGS.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With rFSGS or Death or Graft Loss or Lost to Follow-up Through 6 and 12 Months Post Transplant [ Time Frame: At 6 and 12 Months post transplant ]
    rFSGS was defined as nephrotic range proteinuria with a protein/creatinine ratio (≥ 3.0 g/g). Death, graft loss or lost to follow-up was imputed as rFSGS.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Biopsy-Proven Acute Rejection (BPAR) Through 3, 6, and 12 Months Post Transplant [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 Months post transplant ]
    All episodes of kidney dysfunction based on clinical signs and symptoms were evaluated for possible BPAR. BPAR was confirmed if participants Banff criteria >=1.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Efficacy Failure Through 12 Months Post Transplant [ Time Frame: 12 Months post transplant ]
    Efficacy failure was defined as BPAR, death, graft loss or lost to follow-up through 12 months post transplant.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Biopsy Proven rFSGS Through 3, 6 and 12 Months Post-Transplant [ Time Frame: At 3, 6 and 12 Months post transplant ]
    Percentage of participants with biopsy-proven rFSGS determined by a blinded central review of images from electron microscopy (EM) and slides for light microscopy (LM) by an independent pathologist.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is a recipient of a de novo kidney from a living or deceased donor and has biopsy-proven, primary FSGS (pFSGS) as a cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in the subject's native kidneys (initial diagnosing biopsy report is required). A subject who has biopsy-proven pFSGS as a cause of ESRD, and the subject's most current graft failure(s) is due to the recurrence of FSGS, is eligible.
  • Subject is anticipated to receive first oral dose of tacrolimus within 48 hours of transplant procedure.
  • Subject must be willing and able to comply with the study requirements including prohibited concomitant medication restrictions.
  • Subject agrees not to participate in another interventional study while on treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has Induction therapy, other than study-assigned basiliximab, planned as part of initial immunosuppressive regimen.
  • Subject has a diagnosis of secondary FSGS (familial, virus associated, medication, etc.) or a defined genetic cause of FSGS.
  • Subject has previously received any organ transplant including a kidney and the most current graft failure(s) is not due to the recurrence of FSGS.
  • Subject will receive a kidney as part of a multi-organ transplant.
  • Subject will receive a dual kidney transplant from a deceased donor.
  • Subject will receive a kidney with an anticipated cold ischemia time (CIT) of > 30 hours.
  • Subject will receive a kidney that meets BOTH Extended Criteria Donor (ECD) and Donation after Cardiac Death (DCD) criteria. (A kidney that meets either ECD OR DCD criteria may be eligible for inclusion.)
  • Subject will receive a blood group system (A, AB, B, O, ABO) incompatible (including A2 into B or O) donor kidney.
  • Recipient or donor is known to be seropositive for human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV).
  • Subject has a current calculated panel reactive antibody (cPRA) level > 50%.
  • Subject has a current malignancy or a history of malignancy (within the past 5 years), except nonmetastatic basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has been treated successfully, or a renal cell carcinoma that has been treated successfully more than 2 years prior to transplantation.
  • Subject has significant liver disease, defined as having during the past 21 days consistently elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) levels greater than 1.5 times the upper value of the normal range of the investigational site.
  • Subject is known to have a positive test for latent tuberculosis (TB) and has not previously received adequate anti-microbial therapy/or would require TB prophylaxis after transplant.
  • Subject has an uncontrolled concomitant infection or any other unstable medical condition that could interfere with the study objectives.
  • Subject is concurrently participating in another drug study or has received an investigational drug up to 30 days or 5 half-lives prior to transplant.
  • Subject is currently receiving or has received up to 8 weeks prior to transplant an immunologic biologic compound (i.e., tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, [e.g., etanercept, adalimumab], intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)). A subject who has previously received a kidney organ transplant and is currently on an immunosuppression regimen that includes MMF, or any of its components, must discontinue MMF.
  • Subject has previously received bleselumab or participated in a clinical study with bleselumab.
  • Subject has a known hypersensitivity to tacrolimus, MMF, basiliximab, corticosteroids, or any of the components.
  • Subject has any form of substance abuse, psychiatric disorder, or a condition that could invalidate communication with the Investigator.
  • Subject has a clinically significant abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) at Screening.
  • Subject is unlikely to comply with the visits scheduled in the protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02921789


Locations
Show Show 23 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Medical Director Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Astellas Pharma Inc ( Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc. ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 2, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 20, 2019

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02921789    
Other Study ID Numbers: 7163-CL-3201
First Posted: October 3, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 5, 2022
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Access to anonymized individual participant level data collected during the study, in addition to study-related supporting documentation, is planned for studies conducted with approved product indications and formulations, as well as compounds terminated during development. Studies conducted with product indications or formulations that remain active in development are assessed after study completion to determine if Individual Participant Data can be shared. Conditions and exceptions are described under the Sponsor Specific Details for Astellas on ww.clinicalstudydatarequest.com.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Access to participant level data is offered to researchers after publication of the primary manuscript (if applicable) and is available as long as Astellas has legal authority to provide the data.
Access Criteria: Researchers must submit a proposal to conduct a scientifically relevant analysis of the study data. The research proposal is reviewed by an Independent Research Panel. If the proposal is approved, access to the study data is provided in a secure data sharing environment after receipt of a signed Data Sharing Agreement.
URL: https://www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com/

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Astellas Pharma Inc ( Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc. ):
Bleselumab
ASKP1240
Efficacy and Safety
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental
Recurrence
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Glomerulonephritis
Nephritis
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Mycophenolic Acid
Prednisone
Tacrolimus
Basiliximab
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents